Ashhabad, Ashhabad [a ʃ xa-], Turkmen Ashgabad, Ashgabad, 1919–27 Poltorazk, capital of Turkmenistan, 214–240 m above sea level, in an oasis in the foothills of the Kopet-Dag , bordered to the north by the Karakum desert, on the Trans-Caspian Railway and on the Karakum Canal, around (2004) 827 500 residents.
Seat of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, University (founded in 1950), Polytechnic, PH, economic, agricultural, medical and others. Colleges, conservatory, museums, four theaters, zoological and botanical gardens; Cotton and natural silk processing, carpet weaving, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, glass and food industry, in the area cotton cultivation on irrigation areas; international airport, port.
After the prehistoric settlement was destroyed by earthquakes, the city, called Konijkala, flourished as a trading center at the time of the Silk Road (12th century); Destruction by Mongols in the 13th century. Beginning of the development of the modern Ashkhabad after connection to the Trans-Caspian Railway (1880), 1881 Russian military base. 1924 Capital of the Turkmen SSR, badly damaged by an earthquake in 1948. Since the independence of Turkmenistan, expansion into a representative capital (including government district, congress center).
- Abbreviation: AHD
- Country: Turkmenistan
List of Ashhabad Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations for Ashhabad is AHD which stands for Ashhabad. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Ashhabad, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.