Autism Abbreviations

 

What is Autism?

Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized as a behavioral syndrome that compromises lifelong development.

The main alterations identified are the deficit in the areas of communication and socialization, restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities.

With the correct treatment, the autistic person can have a normal life, depending on the level of severity of the disorder. Typically, signs of autism can be identified before 36 months of age.

During childhood, this disorder is often called infantile autism, a behavior syndrome that predominates in boys and causes children to have different behavioral reactions. The main symptom of childhood autism is isolation.

The causes of autism are still unknown, but several studies suggest that the cause can vary between genetic factors or something of an external nature, such as complications during pregnancy or the sequel of an infection caused by a virus.

Types of autism

The diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder is classified into three main types.

Classic autism

Although the impairment can vary greatly, when framed in this degree of autism, the person can be turned in on himself.

Lack of eye contact, difficulty understanding, and major mental disorders may occur.

High performance autism

This degree of autism was formerly called Asperger Syndrome.

The symptoms are similar to those of other types of autism, but in very reduced proportions. High performers with autism can be verbal and also intelligent to the point of being mistaken for geniuses.

Global Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

Also represented by the acronym (DGD-SOE), the Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified is difficult to diagnose as it does not present enough symptoms to be included in one of the categories of the disorder.

Despite this, carriers are classified within the autism spectrum.

Characteristics of autism

There are several degrees of autism, with different levels of severity, with the most striking characteristics among carriers being:

  • Difficulty in establishing social interactions,
  • Compulsive interest in something,
  • Presence of repetitive behaviors.

In fact, the difficulty in establishing social interactions is also due to the fact that the autistic person has difficulties in understanding and applying social norms, which are usually learned based on observation and intuition.

Autistics can still have sensory disorders, which make them have a different perception of the world around them. For example, high hearing sensitivity is common. This makes them annoyed by noises that would not disturb a person who is not autistic.

It should be noted that autism does not mean “lack of intelligence”, since there are autistic people at all IQ levels (high, medium and low).

The main barrier faced by the autistic is the difficulty in communicating and expressing their distinct way of interpreting the world around them.

Difficulty in establishing social contacts and repetitive behaviors are more common symptoms in all stages of the disease.

In general, an autistic person may have:

  • Aggressive behavior.
  • Lack of eye contact with other people.
  • Repetition of words (without meaning).
  • Involuntary imitation of movements.
  • Learning difficulty.
  • Difficulty dealing with change (plans, house, schedule, school, etc.).
  • Delay in speech ability.
  • Expression of extreme emotions (on occasions when they should not happen).
  • speech loss.
  • Lack of attention.
  • Intense interest in specific things.
  • Lack of empathy.
  • Habit of walking on tiptoe.
  • Tics and nervous manias.

Symptoms can vary according to the level of autism, that is, it is not necessary for a person to have all the symptoms to be considered autistic.

Degrees of autism

According to the American Psychiatric Association’s DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), there are no subtypes of autism, but different levels or degrees of the disorder.

These grades are defined according to the autistic person’s abilities and capabilities.

Mild autism

Also called mild autism and level 1 autism, it is considered a subtle type of autism, diagnosed from observing some details about the individual’s behavior.

See some examples.

  • Makes little eye contact with other people.
  • No further dialogues.
  • Does not know how to communicate by gestures.
  • Has difficulty accepting rules right away.
  • It’s antisocial.
  • It does not usually respond when called by name, among other characteristics.

In mild autism, the person does not have motor or language difficulties, as in some more severe degrees of this disorder.

Moderate autism

Also called moderate autism and level 2 autism, moderate autism has communication disorders and language impairment as its main symptoms.

Moderate autism is a middle ground where the autistic is not as independent as in mild autism, but does not need as much support as in severe autism.

The level two autistic person has some behavioral inflexibility and little initiative for social interaction.

Severe autism

Also called severe autism or level 3 autism, severe autism usually has non-verbalization and marked dependence as its main symptoms.

Non-verbal communication is also greatly impaired.

The autistic presents a great level of stress and great difficulty in dealing with routine changes.

In addition, level 3 autistic people often exhibit repetitive behaviors.

Treatments for autism

Autism has no cure. The child with autism will become an adult with autism.

However, there are several treatments that help to minimize the symptoms of people who have this disorder.

A child with autism must be accompanied by a speech therapist who will help them to develop their verbal and non-verbal language.

Occupational or behavioral therapy is also important to help the autistic person develop a better response to sensory stimuli.

There is no medication for autism or a general treatment, as different techniques are applied according to the severity of the disease.

The constant psychological monitoring done by qualified professionals is essential for the application of any type of therapy.

Curiosity

In 2017, a law was enacted in Brazil that institutes the inclusion of the symbol referring to autism on the priority service boards of private and public establishments.

The law was published in the Official Gazette in May 2017 and establishments that fail to comply are subject to fines and sanctions.

Priority in care was already a right of autistic people. The insertion of the symbol came as a form of awareness.

List of Acronyms Related to Autism

AALG Action Autism League Go!
AARC Alaska Autism Resource Center
ASAT Association for Science in Autism Treatment
APAR Association Prevention Autisme Recherche
AUSTRIA Autism
AUTEST Autism
AUT Autism
ALPHABET Autism Behavior Checklist
ABC Autism Behavior Checklist
ADOS Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
ADM autism dysmorphology measure
AEIOU Autism Early Intervention Outcomes Unit
AGP Autism Genome Project
AIP Autism Intervention Program
AIRT Autism Intervention Research Trust
ALAW Autism Living and Working
AMC Autism Medical Clinic
AMOC Autism Move A Thon of Orange County
ANI-L Autism Network International
ANI Autism Network International
APQI Autism Program Quality Indicators
ARROW Autism Recovery Resources of Washington
ARI Autism Research Institute
ARTILLERY Autism Resource Team
ART Autism Resource Team
ARRO Autism Respite Resource Outreach
ARGH Autism Rights Group Highland
ASAC Autism Society of Acadiana
ASA Autism Society of America
ASAWNY Autism Society of America, Western New York
ASOCO Autism Society of Central Oklahoma
ASGM Autism Society of Greater Madison
ASNB Autism Society of New Brunswick
ASNO Autism Society of Northwest Ohio
ASFV Autism Society of the Fox Valley
ASC Autism Spectrum Condition
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder
ASDRP Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Program
ATSC Autism Treatment Services of Canada
AHN Autisme de Haut Niveau
AU-2 Autistic/Autism
AU Autistic/Autism
AU Autisticautism
AU-2 Autisticautism
BAAG Bolton Autism Action Group
BARG Bristol Autism Research Group
BAP Broader Autism Phenotype
CARD Center for Autism and Related Disabilities
CARD Center for Autism and Related Disorders, Inc.
CART Center for Autism Research and Treatment
CASD Center for Autism Spectrum Disorders
CSA Center for the Study of Autism
CEPAS Central East Preschool Autism Services
CRA Centre Ressources Autismes
CHALU Chapel Hill Autism Local Unit
CHAT Checklist for Autism in Toddlers
CARS Childhood Autism Rating Scale
CHARGE Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment
CWA Children with Autism
COPPA Collaborative Personnel Preparation in Autism
CPEA Collaborative Programs of Excellence in Autism
CAN Cure Autism Now
DASG Derbyshire Autism Services Group
FEAT Families for Early Autism Treatment
FEAT Families for Effective Autism Treatment
FIS Federazione Italiana dello Scautismo
FAFA Finnish Association for Autism
FACE Florida Autism Center of Excellence
FFAR Friends and Families for Autism Research
GARS Gilliam Autism Rating Scale
GRACE Greater Richmond Autism Coalition for Equality
HANS Help Autism Now Society
HFA High-Functioning Autism
HCAS Howard County Autism Society
IATTAP Illinois Autism Training and Technical Assistance Project
IRCA Indiana Resource Center for Autism
IACC Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee
ICAA International Coalition for Autism and All Abilities
INSAR International Society for Autism Research
KRCA Kansas Resource Center on Autism
KATC Kentucky Autism Training Center
LWA Living with Autism
LCEA Louisiana Center for Excellence in Autism
LFA Low Functioning Autism
LDAF Lower Delaware Autism Foundation
MFEAT Manitoba Families for Effective Autism Treatment
MCASA Maryland Chapter of the Autism Society of America
MRIA Mentally Retarded Infantile Autism
MOMA Moms on a Mission for Autism
MAAP More advanced individuals with Autism, Asperger syndrome, and Pervasive developmental disorder
NAAR National Alliance for Autism Research
NAA National Autism Association
NFAR National Foundation for Autism Research
OMA Organisation Mondiale de l’Autisme
PAST Parakeet Autism Syndrome
PIA Parent Interviews for Autism
PAPA Parents and Professionals and Autism
PEAT Parents’ Education as Autism Therapists
PIFFA Pay It Forward for Autism
PAC Peach Autism Center
PPAS Pikes Peak Autism Society
PASN Portsmouth Autism Support Network
SASN Scottish Autism Service Network
STA Society for Treatment of Autism
SARRC Southwest Autism Research and Resource Center
SARC Southwest Autism Research Center
TACA Talk About Curing Autism
TAAP The Autism Autoimmunity Project
VBCA Verbal Behavior Center for Autism
WAO World Autism Organisation