Bishkek, Biškek [ – ʃ – ], until 1926 Pischpek, 1926–91 Frunze, capital of Kyrgyzstan, 750–900 m above sea level, in the fertile valley of the Tschu at the foot of the Kyrgyz Alatau (Tian Shan), (2020) 1, 0 million residents.
Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, University (founded in 1951), TH, agricultural, art, medical college and other higher educational institutions, numerous museums, theaters (including the Kyrgyz State Theater), botanical garden; Food, light, in particular textile industry, mechanical engineering (agricultural and textile machines), trade and service center of Kyrgyzstan; Railway connection to Issykkul and Kazakhstan as well as to Moscow and Siberia, international airport.
The Pischpek fortress, built by the Kokand Khanate in 1825, was conquered by Russians in 1860 and 1862, who founded a garrison here in 1864. From 1878 district town, the place became the center of the Karakirgis in 1924 and of the Kyrgyz Autonomous Region in 1925 as Frunze (after M. W. Frunze) Capital of the Kyrgyz ASSR in 1926, of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936 and, as Bishkek, of the Kyrgyz Republic in 1991. In the early Soviet period, Bishkek had a strategically important position on the road connecting Semipalatinsk (today Semei; Kazakhstan) and Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Developed into an industrial city with a dominant Russian population in the 1930s. During the Second World War, the city was an important location for the Soviet armaments industry. Another city expansion took place between 1950 and 1970. In order to promote economic development, Bishkek received the status of a free trade zone in 1995. As part of the “anti-terror alliance”, an international military base was set up in November 2001 at Manas Airport near Bishkek.
- Abbreviation: FRU
- Country: Kyrgyzstan
List of Bishkek Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations for Bishkek is FRU which stands for Bishkek. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Bishkek, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.
|Bishkek||BGMS||Bishkek Global Mountain Summit|
|Bishkek||BOUIP||Bishkek and Osh Urban Infrastructure Project|
|Bishkek||BMMC||Bishkek Migration Management Center|
|Bishkek||BAFE||Bishkek Academy of Finance and Economy|
|Bishkek||FRU||Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek Airport|