AIDS is a feminine noun of two numbers, and it is also an acronym.
The meaning of AIDS is the acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, from the English Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
AIDS is a disease in its final stage that attacks the immune system of an individual, caused by the virus HIV.
The HIV virus
HIV is the acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus which, translated to Portuguese, it means the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, belonging to the class of retroviruses (this class has as main characteristics the time of incubation lengthened before the appearance of symptoms of the disease, as well as the infection of the blood cells and the nervous system and failure of the immune system).
The HIV attacks the defense cells of the human body, making the organism becomes increasingly vulnerable to varied diseases ranging from a simple cold to more serious infections, such as cancer or tuberculosis.
It is known that the cells most affected by HIV are the CD4+T-lymphocyte. The HIV virus just by changing the DNA of these lymphocytes, making copies of itself. After this multiplication, the HIV breaks down the lymphocytes in search of others to the infection from spreading.
Obviously, having HIV is not synonymous with having AIDS. It is notable that many people with hiv / aids spend many years without having any symptoms and without developing the disease.
However, the transmission of the virus can happen through:
- Sexual relations without protection,
- Sharing of contaminated syringes,
- Mother-to-child during pregnancy,
- Mother-to-child during lactation.
The diagnosis of HIV is done through blood collection. To discover the presence of hiv-positive early increases life expectancy.
Cure for AIDS
AIDS still has no cure – but every carrier of HIV should cause a treatment to prolong life and to improve the quality of life.
These treatments aim to strengthen the immune system and combat the virus (reduce the viral load).
Generally, medicines antiretrovirals are used in the treatment, provided free of charge by the brazilian government.
There are several scientific studies that suggest that by 2020 there will be a cure for AIDS, mainly by the great advances in science.