UNICEF is the acronym of United Nations Children’s Fund, whose translation to Portuguese is the United Nations Fund for Childhood, an organ that belongs to the UN, and that defends the rights of children so that you can assist them in their needs, as well as to contribute to its development.
The organization has headquarters in the city of New York, in the United States, and is present in about 193 countries, including Brazil, since the year 1950. There is also another main office is located in the city of Moscow, where are held different and important meetings about the work of UNICEF around the world.
UNICEF has partnered with various institutions such as, for example, governments (municipal and federal), religious groups, private organizations and international corporations.
The organization has more than 70 years of existence and is based on ideologies that defend the right to survival of children, coupled with their prosperity, and realization of potential to act in behalf of a better world.
UNICEF appeared in December 1946 as a sort of emergency fund with the goal of helping children around the world who ended up suffering the consequences caused by the war.
It was from 1953 UNICEF became a permanent institution acting in the aid and protection of children, making it the only in this regard all over the world, in addition to making a permanent part of the United Nations.
In Brazil, had his first office was installed in João Pessoa (PB) in the year 1950. In 1954, there was the release of the UNICEF resources allocated to school feeding in the country. Another important work done by UNICEF was to vaccination campaigns that have enabled the training of health professionals for the attention with pregnant women.
At the end of the 1970s, UNICEF adopted a new approach that acknowledged the policies directed at children and young people who should be integrated planning of economic and social of Brazil.
UNICEF inspired the creation of Pastoral da Criança, Criança Esperança programme, and passed, in 1990, the Statute of the Child and the Adolescent. And fight unceasingly for the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, which was proclaimed in 1924 by the UN, is duly respected.
The resources of UNICEF, has its origin on voluntary donations, corporate alliances, established in the form of a partnership, headquarters and committees of the organization.