Bulgaria Country Abbreviations

BG is the abbreviation for Bulgaria, the 103rd largest country in the world. Officially Republic of Bulgaria, Bulgaria is a country located in Southeast Europe, bordering 5 countries – Greece, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Turkey. Sofia is the capital city of Bulgaria. Other major cities include Sofia (population: 1,152,556), Plovdiv (population: 340,494), Varna (population: 312,770), Burgas (population: 195,966), Rousse (population: 156,238), Stara Zagora (population: 143,431), Pleven (population: 118,675), Sliven (population: 96,368), Dobrich (population: 94,831), and Shumen (population: 87,283).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Sofia
  • Language: Bulgarian
  • Area: 110,993.6 km2
  • Population: 7,000,039
  • Currency: Lev (BGN)
  • Time zone: UTC+2
  • Calling code: 359
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: BG
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: BGR
  • Internet TLD: .bg
  • State Government Website: http://government.bg

Map of Bulgaria

List of Bulgaria Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Bulgaria are BG which stands for Bulgaria and BGN which means Lev (Bulgaria currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Bulgaria, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

BG: Bulgaria

Abbreviation Meaning
AUBG American University in Bulgaria
ASCB Arsenal Supporters Club Bulgaria
AMSB Association of Medical Students in Bulgaria
BBA Balkan Bulgarian Airlines
BBDC Bio Bulgaria Development Company
BOJ Bourgas, Bulgaria
BG Bulgaria
FB Bulgaria Air
BEF Bulgaria Economic Forum
BPI Bulgaria Property Investment, Ltd.
BULG Bulgarian
BAS Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
BASA Bulgarian Alarm Systems Association
BAAT Bulgarian Association for Alternative Tourism
BACR Bulgarian Association of Clinical Research
BAIT Bulgarian Association of Information Technologies
BALCO Bulgarian Association of Licensed Cable Operators
BAMP Bulgarian Association of Music Producers
BBIC Bulgarian Biotechnology Information Center
BBCC Bulgarian Building and Construction Chamber
BBAN Bulgarian Business Angels Network
BBCA Bulgarian Business Consultant Agency
BBLF Bulgarian Business Leaders Forum
BCMES Bulgarian Center for Middle East Studies
BCNL Bulgarian Center for Not-For-Profit Law
BCCI Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
BEAUCOUP Bulgarian Communist Party
BDA Bulgarian Drug Agency
BEEF Bulgarian Energy Efficiency Fund
BEH Bulgarian Energy Holding
BEPA Bulgarian European Partnership Association
BETI Bulgarian Evangelical Theological Institute
BEIA Bulgarian Export Insurance Agency
BEFSA Bulgarian Extreme and Freeskiing Association
BEFSA Bulgarian Extreme and Freestyle Skiing Association
BFDA Bulgarian Falun Dafa Association
BFRA Bulgarian Federation of Radio Amateurs
BFIA Bulgarian Foreign Investment Agency
BGJ Bulgarian Geophysical Journal
BHC Bulgarian Helsinki Committee
BHRA Bulgarian Hotel and Restaurant Association
BIC Bulgarian Information Consortium
BIIA Bulgarian Information Industry Association
BILI Bulgarian Institute for Legal Initiatives
BIMT Bulgarian Institute for Management and Technology
BIM Bulgarian Institute of Metrology
BIBA Bulgarian International Business Association
BICA Bulgarian Investment Consulting Agency Ltd
BLD Bulgarian Land Development
BGN Bulgarian Lev
BLDP Bulgarian Linux Documentation Project
BNAWQ Bulgarian National Association on Water Quality
BNB Bulgarian National Bank
BNCA Bulgarian National Consumer Association
BNO Bulgarian National Observatory
BNR Bulgarian National Radio
BNT Bulgarian National TV
BNN Bulgarian News Network
BOC Bulgarian Orthodox Church
BRCY Bulgarian Red Cross Youth
BSDP Bulgarian Social Democratic Party
BSP Bulgarian Socialist Party
BSS Bulgarian Software Solutions
BDZ Bulgarian State Railways
BSPSS Bulgarian Students’ Pharmaceutical Scientific Society
BSA Bulgarian Studies Association
BTC Bulgarian Telecommunication Company
BTA Bulgarian Telegraph Agency
BAEF Bulgarian-American Enterprise Fund
BDBC Bulgarian-Dutch Business Club
BRIE Bulgarian-Romanian Interuniversity Europe Center
CBBA Canadian Bulgarian Business Alliance
CEDB Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
CFB Coalition for Bulgaria
DSB Democrats for Strong Bulgaria
DEPB Diabetes Education Program in Bulgaria
FHSB Federation of Bread Producers and Confectioners in Bulgaria
FBSE First Bulgarian Stock Exchange
GGF Global Bulgaria and Romania Growth Fund
GBLV Grapevine Bulgarian Latent Virus
MMC MM Consult Ltd (Bulgaria)
NBU New Bulgarian University
PRB People’s Republic of Bulgaria
RB Republic of Bulgaria
SOF Sofia, Bulgaria – Sofia International
UBA Union of Bulgarian Actors
USB Union of Scientists in Bulgaria
UBB United Bulgarian Bank
VAR Varna, Bulgaria – Varna

Geography

Bulgaria is located on the eastern Balkan Peninsula and has a coast towards the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria consists of plains and mountains. About a third of the country is covered by forest. Large parts of Bulgaria have inland climates with hot summers and cold winters. In the south, and on the coast towards the Black Sea, the climate is more typical of the Mediterranean climate. The amount of rainfall spreads evenly throughout the year. In the north, and in the many mountains, snow falls in winter.

Air pollution from industry, sewage discharges into river flows and deforestation are among the country’s biggest climate challenges.

History

A Turkish horseman, the Bulgarians, immigrated in the 600s. The Bulgarians created the kingdom and named Bulgaria. At the end of the 12th century, the Bulgarian Empire was attacked by the Ottoman Empire. Bulgaria remained a Turkish province for 500 years. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the need to emancipate from Turkey grew. With the support of Russia, the Bulgarians succeeded in secession, in 1878 the independent Principality of Bulgaria was established under Turkey. After World War I, the country lost several regions to Yugoslavia. Then followed a long period of Boris III in power. He ruled as dictator until his death in 1943.

During World War II, Bulgaria declared itself neutral. The Soviet Union moved into the country in 1944. Communist takeover followed, and the king was deposed in 1946. Bulgaria went from being a monarchy to becoming a people’s republic. The economy was transformed into a plan economy with a major emphasis on industrialization and forced collectivization of agriculture from 1948. The one-party state was long a member of the Soviet bloc. The communist regime in Bulgaria ceased in 1990, and the first free democratic elections since World War II were held that year.

Society and politics

Bulgaria is a parliamentary-democratic republic. Bulgaria’s head of state is the president. The president is elected by direct universal suffrage every five years. There is a vote in the country. The president can only be re-elected once. The real political power lies with the government. The National Assembly has 240 members, and elections are held every four years.

Since the fall of the Communist regime, Bulgarian politics has been characterized by turmoil and the transition to market economy has been difficult for the country. Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004, and the EU in 2007. Then the economy of the country improved. Major challenges related to corruption, organized crime and high unemployment continue to characterize the country. The EU has made strict demands for improvements and has at times frozen the financial aid to the country. Living standards are relatively low and poverty is widespread. The situation is particularly difficult for those outside the workforce; pensioners, the unemployed and the disabled. The country also has a very high number of street children and orphanage children and treats Roma people less than other inhabitants.

Economics and Commerce

After communism collapsed in 1991, Bulgaria began its painful and slow transition to market economy. By the 2000s, most of the industry had been privatized. The fall of communism ravaged the country’s economy, but by 2004 the economy had risen to the same level as before the fall. In terms of gross domestic product per capita, Belgium is the poorest of the EU member states.

After World War II, industry has been the most important industry followed by agriculture. Tourism is also an important industry for the country. Wheat, barley, rice, maize, fruit, vegetables and cotton are the most important agricultural products. One specialty is the production of rose oil. The industry is dominated by heavy industry. It is also a significant textile industry. Comprehensive corruption is still the major slowdown in Bulgaria’s economic development.

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