Cardiology is the specialization of medicine focused on the analysis of the heart. Cardiologists, therefore, can diagnose and prescribe treatments related to disorders of this organ.
Although requirements vary by country, cardiologists are usually doctors and surgeons who then specialize in the corresponding field. A cardiology specialist must be able to care for patients with any type of heart problem and to carry out preventive tasks to minimize the onset of this type of disease.
There are many problems that can affect the heart. At a general level, we speak of heart failure when the heart is not able to pump the blood necessary for the proper functioning of the body, or that it can do so at the expense of other problems.
Cardiology, in this context, can diagnose heart failure and indicate treatments depending on the patient’s characteristics. Acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, endocarditis, ventricular fibrillation and atrial fibrillation are among the processes that cardiology studies and treats.
In order to establish a diagnosis, the cardiology specialist may indicate several studies, such as an electrocardiogram or a Doppler ultrasound. Among the usual treatment procedures , bypass , angioplasty and implantation of a stent stand out.
When a person decides to start a sporting activity, it is recommended to ask a doctor for advice to control the physical condition . In this framework, it is often suggested that a cardiology specialist be consulted to determine if the heart is working properly and will be able to withstand the effort.
List of Acronyms Related to Cardiology