Chess Abbreviations

 

What is chess?

Chess is a strategy and tactics game where each chess player (chess player) moves 16 pieces on a board of 64 squares. The objective is to perform the final move that captures the opponent’s king, leaving him with no options for movement, called checkmate.

How to play chess

The game of chess is conditioned by the knowledge of the players, a series of strategies are used throughout the game. For a good game, every move must be intentional and planned, the pieces must not be moved at random.

Before starting the game, you must observe some elementary rules.

Name and starting position of pieces on a chess board

At the beginning of a game, each player has 16 pieces: eight pawns (P), two rooks (T), two knights (C), two bishops (B), one queen (D) and one king (R). Each of the pieces has a value and follows a different movement.

The positioning of the pieces takes place according to the following rules:

On the line closest to the player, the rooks occupy the edge squares, followed by the knights, the bishops, the queen (on the square with the piece’s color. White queen, white square; black queen, black square) and the king. The pawns are lined up in the next row, occupying all eight squares.

By tradition, the game is always started by the white pieces (or light ones, in case the pieces have colors other than black and white).

Chess pieces movement

Chess pieces move according to the following rules:

  • Pawn- moves forward, in a straight line, one square at a time. In the initial position of each pawn, it is allowed to move up to two squares (at the chess player’s choice). The pawn does not retreat (walk backwards) under any circumstances. If the pawn manages to advance to the eighth row (first of the opponent), it is promoted and the player can exchange it for any piece, except pawn or king.
  • Rook- moves vertically or horizontally, the number of spaces the chess player wants, as long as there are no other pieces in the way. Pieces of the same color limit movement to the previous square, opponent’s pieces can be captured, taking their place.
  • Bishop- moves diagonally freely, also as many squares as the chess player wants as long as there are no other pieces in the way. The bishop never changes the color of the square on which it moves.
  • Knight- moves in “L”, one square as a rook (vertical or horizontal) and one as a bishop (diagonal). Only the knight is allowed to jump pieces that are in the way of its movement.
  • Queen- moves freely in all directions, as a rook or as a bishop (vertical, horizontal and diagonal).
  • King- moves like a queen, but only one square at a time. The king’s movement is also limited by the squares defended by the opponent (he cannot put himself in check).

Capture of parts

Capturing the pieces, also called conquering, taking or “eating” is an essential part of the game. The captured pieces are removed from the game, with the exception of the king, as its capture decrees the end of the game.

The piece you captured must then occupy the square on which the captured piece was. The capture respects the basic movement of each of the pieces.

The pawn is an exception. It moves vertically, but captures diagonally, laterally as it advances. If an opposing piece is in front of a pawn, it limits its movement and cannot be captured. As the pawn only advances, it cannot capture backwards either.

Check and Checkmate

The move in which the king is threatened by the opposing pieces is called check. The player proposing to attack the king says the word “check” to announce that the king is at risk (in check).

After the check is decreed, the player who receives it is only allowed to move pieces to defend the king and, thus, get out of check.

Victory in chess is determined when a player makes an attacking move to the opponent’s king, leaving him with no option to move to defense or escape to the king. When this occurs, the player who carried out the attack on the king decrees “checkmate” and seals his victory.

Traditionally, the defeated player acknowledges his opponent’s victory with a handshake.

Is chess a sport?

Even having never participated in the Olympic Games, the answer is yes. Since 1999, chess has been recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as a sport.

As it is an almost exclusively mental sport, their participation in the Olympics is restricted, as are motor sports competitions (car racing, speedboats, etc.).

Despite this, chess has a recognized international sports federation (FIDE) and its own Olympics (Chess Olympiad), played by teams every two years.

A brief history of chess

The widespread and practiced chess today, known as international or western chess, began to be practiced in Spain and Italy in the mid-15th century, but only had its rules fully defined in the 19th century.

However, the origin of chess goes back to 6th century India, in a traditional game called chaturanga. Since then, the game has been exported to different locations, taking on some regional characteristics.

The first chess tournaments were played in the second half of the 19th century, establishing themselves at the beginning of the 20th century.

Over the years, many names have dominated international competitions, for example, the Cuban José Raul Capablanca champion during the 1920s. Capablanca’s birthday was chosen as the date for the celebration of International Chess Day (19 November).

In the second half of the 20th century, with the development of computers, chess took on its digital format, giving rise to the construction of machines capable of analyzing and practicing moves.

One of the sport’s great moments was the famous disputes between world champion Garry Kasparov and IBM’s supercomputer, dubbed Deep Blue.

The matches took place in 1996, with the victory of Kasparov and in 1997, the rematch had the supercomputer as victorious.

Some other names stand out in the history of chess such as:

  • Bobby Fischer
  • Magnus Carlsen
  • Anatoly Karpov
  • Viswanathan Anand
  • Emanuel Lasker
  • Mikhail Botvinnik
  • Alexander Alekhine

List of Acronyms Related to Chess

ACA Alberta Chess Association
ASPCC All Services Postal Chess Club
AF4C America’s Foundation for Chess
ACA American Chess Association
AICS American Internet Chess Server
ACFI Arizona Chess Federation Inc.
ACCOUNTING ASEAN Chess Confederation
ACCESSORY ASEAN Chess Confederation
ACC ASEAN Chess Confederation
ACP Association of Chess Professionals
ACF Australian Chess Federation
BCC Bangkok Chess Club
BCF Barbados Chess Federation
BCE Basic Chess Endings
BISCC Bloomington Indiana Scholastic Chess Club
BCC Boylston Chess Club
BDCA Bradford and District Chess Association
BCF British Chess Federation
BECOME British Chess Magazine
BCM British Chess Magazine
BCVS British Chess Variant Society
BCCA British Correspondence Chess Association
BICS British Internet Chess Server
BCF Brunei Chess Federation
BBCC Bukit Batok Chess Club
CYCL California Youth Chess League
CCCA Canadian Correspondence Chess Association
CCCC Carleton College Chess Club
CFCC Central Florida Chess Club
CA Chess Advisor
CCGA Chess and Cards Game Admin
CCGC Chess and Cards Game Client
CA Chess Assistant
CHAMFER Chess Association of Malawi
CHAM Chess Association of Malawi
CCI Chess Collectors International
CDI CHESS Depositary Interest
CFC Chess Federation of Canada
CFS Chess for Success
CHESS Chess Helps Enhance Scholastic Skills
CJA Chess Journalists of America
CL Chess Life
CONE Chess Organizers of New England
CPAI Chess Players Association of India
CUFS Chess Unit of Foreign Securities
CVT Chess Visualization Training
CWDA Chess with Different Armies
CB Chessbase
CHESSIE.CHESSIE CHesSIE
CSX Chessie Seaboard Multiplier
CIVIL Chessington Community College
CCC Chessington Community College
CRCC Chessington Radio Car Club
CHESSS.CHESSS CHESSS
CCBA Chessy Chatillon Cibi Assistance
CICL Chicago Industrial Chess League
CBC Coffee Break Chess
CIVIL Computer Chess Club
CCC Computer Chess Club
CSCA Connecticut State Chess Association
CC Correspondence Chess
CCLA Correspondence Chess League of America
CICS Cypriot Internet Chess Server
CCF Cyprus Chess Federation
DBCC DaSilva Black Calcagni Chesser Architects PC
DCC Dayton Chess Club
DBCA Dibyendu Barua Chess Academy
DOY Duchess of York
DCCA Durham County Chess Association
DICS Dutch Internet Chess Server
DCC Dutchess Community College
DISCOUNT Dutchess County
DC Dutchess County
DCAR Dutchess County Association of Realtors
DCCAA Dutchess County Community Action Agency
DCEDC Dutchess County Economic Development Corporation
DCMS Dutchess County Medical Society
DCPA Dutchess County Pistol Association
DCPAS Dutchess County Pistol Association
DCPF Dutchess County Planning Federation
DRT Dutchess Rail Trail
EACU East Anglian Chess Union
ECOLOGY Encyclopedia of Chess Openings
ECO Encyclopedia of Chess Openings
ECF English Chess Federation
EPSCA English Primary Schools Chess Association
ECSC European Chess Solving Championship
EICS European Internet Chess Server
FCA Florida Chess Association
FKL Franklin, PA, USA – Chess Lamberton
FICS Free Internet Chess Server
FRICS French Internet Chess Server
GCF Georgian Chess Federation
GICS German Internet Chess Server
GBCBO Great Britain Chess Boxing Organisation
HLC Half Life Chess
HICL Hawaii Interscholastic Chess League
HCW Hill Chesson & Woody
HMC Hoyle Majestic Chess
HVCSJ Huntingdon Valley Chess Society Juniors
ICCA Illinois Chess Coaches Association
IWCCI Independent World Chess Championships, Inc.
ICI Indiana Chess Institute
ISCA Indiana State Chess Association
IBCA International Braille Chess Association
ICA International Chess Academy
ICE International Chess Enterprises
ICF International Chess Federation
ICSC International Committee of Silent Chess
ICCA International Computer Chess Association
ICCF International Correspondence Chess Federation
IECG International Email Chess Group
IPCA International Physically Disabled Chess Association
ICC Internet Chess Club
ICK Internet Chess Kingdom
ICL Internet Chess Library
ICS Internet Chess Server
ICCL Internet Collegiate Chess League
ICU Irish Chess Union
ICCA Irish Correspondence Chess Association
JCF Jamaica Chess Federation
JCA Japan Chess Association
JAND Jewish Alliance of Northern Dutchess
KCA Kansas Chess Association
KCRCC Kansas City Regional Chess Council
KCU Kasparov Chess University
KCCA Kent County Chess Association
KKCC Kings Knight Chess Club
KPCOFGS Kings Play Chess on Fat Girls’ Stomachs
KPCOFGS Kings Play Chess on Fat Green Stools
KPCOFGS Kings Play Chess On Fine Glass Surfaces
KPCOFGS Kings Play Chess on Fine Gold Sets
KPCOFGS Kings Play Chess on Fine Green Silk
KPCOFGS Kings Play Chess On Finely Grained Sand
KWCC Kitchener Waterloo Chess Club
LCF Lebanese Chess Federation
LCA Louisiana Chess Association
MCF Malta Chess Federation
MCA Maryland Chess Association
MACA Massachusetts Chess Association
MCA Michigan Chess Association
MICS Middle East Internet Chess Server
MICIO Milan Italy Chess Internet Organization
MSCA Minnesota State Chess Association
MCA Mississippi Chess Association
MSCA Mississippi Scholastic Chess Organization
MCA Missouri Chess Association
MCE Modern Chess Endings
MCO Modern Chess Openings
NCL National Chess League
NCCL National Collegiate Chess League
NSCA Nebraska State Chess Association
NHCA New Hampshire Chess Association
NIC New In Chess
NCCA North Carolina Chess Association
NCCL North Circular Chess League
NDCA North Dakota Chess Association
NDAC Northern Dutchess Aquatic Club
NOCL Northern Ontario Chess League
NWC Northwest Chess
NSCA Nova Scotia Chess Association
OCA Ohio Chess Association
OCBCF Optimist Coastal Bend Chess Federation
OSCF Oregon Scholastic Chess Federation
OADC Orthopedic Associates of Dutchess County
PCA Penang Chess Association
PSCF Pennsylvania State Chess Federation
PWCC Peter Walker Chess Coaching
POU Poughkeepsie, NY, USA – Dutchess County
PCA Professional Chess Association
RJCC Richmond Junior Chess Club
SICO Schizophrenic Internet Chess Online
SCF Singapore Chess Federation
SDCA South Dakota Chess Association
SWOCL South Western Ontario Chess League
SCCU Southern Counties Chess Union
SPEC Students for the Preservation of Etiquette in Chess
SICS Swedish International Chess Server
TCA Texas Chess Association
TSCC Texas Scholastic Chess Championship
TAOC The Art Of Chess
TECL The Electronic Chess Library
TSCP Tom Kerrigan’s Simple Chess Program
USCF United States Chess Federation
USCL United States Chess League
UCB Universal Chess Board
USCL US Chess Live
VSCA Virginia Scholastic Chess Association
WCF Washington Chess Federation
WHSCA Washington High School Chess Association
WCL Waterloo Chess League
WUCC Web Universal Chess Club
WECU West of England Chess Union
WSCC West Suburban Chess Club
WCGC Windward Chess & Go Club
WSSCA Winston-Salem Scholastic Chess Association, Inc.
WSCF Wisconsin Scholastic Chess Federation
WWCC Women’s World Chess Championship
WBCA World Blitz Chess Association
WCBO World Chess Boxing Organization
WCC World Chess Champion
WCC World Chess Championship
WCCT World Chess Championship Tournament
WCCT World Chess Composition Tournament
WCF World Chess Federation
WCN World Chess Network
WCCC World Computer Chess Championship
WCCC World Congress of Chess Composition
WLCT World League of Chess Tournaments
WNCA World New Chess Association
WRC World Rapid Chess
WYCC World Youth Chess Championships