Farming is the plowing or cultivation of land and includes all work related to the treatment of the soil and the planting of vegetables. Agricultural activities are intended for food production and obtaining vegetables (vegetables), fruits, vegetables and cereals.
Farming implies the transformation of the environment to satisfy man’s needs. It is this ability that distinguishes human beings from other living beings .
Since the beginning of time, man has practiced farming for his survival. Thus, it contributes to offering sustenance in terms of food.
It is said that before universal farming existed, humans lived by hunting and gathering fruits and plants.
However, farming is not only practiced to obtain food, through it raw material is also obtained for the construction of objects, medicines, tools, fibers, fuel, among others.
The emergence of farming was an essential step in the development of humanity. Historians claim that, in the Neolithic period, man moved from hunting, fishing and harvesting to agricultural and livestock activities. Wheat and barley were the first plants to be cultivated.
The person who carries out farming is called a farmer and it is important not to confuse the farmer with the farmer, the latter is the owner of land where farming is carried out.
Another thing is also that farming made it possible for human beings to make exchanges: the farmer who produced one type of food could exchange for another that another producer produced.
It is believed that people began to develop farming from the moment when certain climate changes made the temperature milder and following the scarcity of hunting and food grown in certain regions.
With farming, the food available began to increase as well as the amount of the population at a global level. On the other hand , societies became sedentary and began to consider private property over immovable property.
Several techniques are used for the cultivation of different types of plants in order to obtain resources from it. And for farming, elements such as fertilizers are used to provide nutrients for plants, fertilizers, etc.
Food that was produced in excess was stored in case of emergencies (a stock in case of unforeseen events). And this practice contributed to humans not spending so much time focused on farming, but now they would have time to dedicate to other activities.
As time passed, farming underwent transformations and machines were introduced that would now help and make the process more optimized: producing more in less time.
Today, agricultural workers turn to technology and genetic engineering to improve soil and crop productivity. Likewise, science has contributed to making seeds more resistant to pests and able to adapt to different climates and soils.
List of Acronyms Related to Farming