Kosovo Abbreviations

Kosovo is located on the Balkan Peninsula, and is about the same size as Skåne. About a hundred countries, including Sweden, have recognized Kosovo as an independent state, while countries such as Serbia, China, India, Russia and Spain have declared that they do not intend to recognize them. Kosovo is not a member of the UN.

Capital: Pristina
Biggest city: Pristina
State: republic
Language: Albanian, Serbian
Religion: Islam, Christian Orthodox
Surface: 10 887 km²
Population: 1.8 million (2013)
Population density: 166 residents per km²
Currency: euro (EUR)
1 euro = 9.76 kr
GDP per capita: $ 2,300 (2007)
Time difference: +0 hours
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: February 17th
Country area code: 381
2-Letter country abbreviation: XK
Climate: temperate; cold winters and hot summers

On 28 June 2008, the Serbian minority in Kosovo opened its own parliament in the city of Kosovska Mitrovica as a mark against the declaration of independence and to contribute to coordination with the Serbian government in Belgrade.

Kosovo borders Serbia to the north and northeast, Macedonia to the southeast, Albania to the south and Montenegro to the west. The population is 92 percent Albanian, otherwise mainly Serbian. In Kosovo, there are four medieval Serbian monasteries in Byzantine style that are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. These monasteries are Gracanica, Visoki Decani, Bogorodica Ljeviska and the Patriarchate. All are considered World Heritage Sites in Danger.

Kosovo is one of Europe’s poorest areas, and according to World Bank data, a third of the population lives below the poverty line. Kosovo has major problems with organized crime, which has risen sharply in the 21st century and is considered one of the world’s largest in terms of population in the country.

WORLD HERITAGE

The following objects in Kosovo are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Medieval monument in Kosovo (2004)

CLIMATE AND WEATHER

Weather in Pristina

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 26 27 28 27 27 26 25 25 25 26 27 26
Day °C 28 28 29 29 28 27 26 25 26 27 28 28
Night °C 25 26 26 26 25 25 23 23 23 25 25 25
Rainy days 1 1 2 3 6 10 7 8 9 7 2 1

Pristina

Pristina is the capital and largest city of Kosovo, a partially recognized nation in the Balkans that declared independence from Serbia in 2008. It is estimated that the population of the city is between 500,000 and 600,000.

The city has a large majority of Albanians, alongside smaller groups such as Turks, Serbs, Bosniaks, Roma and more. The interim government of the territory and UNMIK have their headquarters in the city. The city is the administrative, academic and cultural center of Kosovo. The city also has a university and an international airport.