Martinique Abbreviations

Martinique is a overseas department (département d’outre-mer) in the Caribbean, and is considered a full-fledged part of France. Martinique is also part of the EU, with some exceptions. They are not with the EU’s VAT union, or the Schengen cooperation. However, they are free from customs duties and have euros as their currency.

Capital: Fort-de-France
Biggest city: Fort-de-France
State: French territory
Language: French, Creole
Religion: catholicism
Surface: 1 128 km²
Population: 406 100 (2010)
Population density: 352 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 81 years
Currency: euro (EUR)
1 euro = 9.76 kr
Time difference: -5 hours
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: July 14
Country area code: 596
2-Letter country abbreviation: MQ
Business: service sector 73%, industry 17%, agriculture 10%
Climate: tropical, mitigated by trade winds; rainy season from June to October

Martinique was colonized by the French in 1635 and has since been French except for short periods of British occupation. In 1902, the then capital of Martinique, Saint-Pierre, was destroyed by a volcanic eruption. All of the city’s 30,000 residents were killed with the exception of one person, Aguste Ciparis, who was in prison for a minor offense.

CLIMATE AND WEATHER

Weather in Fort-de-France

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 24 24 24 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 25 25
Rain (mm) 106 70 67 80 147 181 232 233 240 216 225 138