From the Latin mathematĭca , although with a more remote origin in a Greek word that can be translated as “knowledge”, mathematics is the deductive science that is dedicated to the study of the properties of abstract entities and their relationships. This means that mathematics works with numbers, symbols, geometric figures, etc.

Starting from axioms and following logical reasoning, mathematics analyzes structures, magnitudes/quantities and links of abstract entities. This makes it possible, once certain patterns are detected, to formulate conjectures and establish definitions that are arrived at by deduction.

Mathematics works with quantities (numbers) but also with non-quantitative abstract constructions. Its purpose is practical, since abstractions and logical reasoning can be applied in models that allow the development of calculations, accounts and measurements with a physical relationship.

Mathematics seeks to understand numbers and their relationships in an abstract way and relates everyday situations through logic.

Mathematics can be divided into pure and applied, having its elements intuition, analysis, logic, construction and individualization. It is used as a tool in many areas such as engineering, physics, chemistry, medicine, biology.

Within applied mathematics and treated the application of mathematics to all areas of human knowledge in the scientific and technological domain that include linear programming, biomathematics and bioinformatics, game theory, information theory, probability and statistics, financial mathematics, cryptography, mathematics focused on engineering and a large part of computer science. Pure mathematics, on the other hand, does not need to worry about applications and certain areas of knowledge.

It can be said that almost all human activities have some kind of relationship with mathematics. These links can be evident, as in the case of engineering, or less relevant, as in medicine or music.

It is possible to divide mathematics into different areas or areas of study. In this sense, one can speak of arithmetic (the study of numbers), algebra (the study of structures), geometry (the study of segments and figures) and statistics (the analysis of collected data ), among others.

It is important to point out that, in everyday life, we tend to resort to mathematics almost unconsciously. When we go to a grocery store and buy a kilo of tomatoes, the salesperson tells us the price and we immediately do a basic calculation to know which bill to pay and how much change we will get.

Many figures have contributed to the mathematics we have today, being part of our daily lives, whether at work, in studies or in everyday situations.

Everything begins between the years 3000 to 2500 BC, and during this period, the oldest mathematical texts were found in Mesopotamia. Still, in this same period the abacus is invented in China. The tables also appear during this period.

Around 1600 BC the Rhind papyrus is written, which is the main mathematical text of the Egyptian people , where there were rules for performing additions and subtractions of fractions, first degree equations, arithmetic problems, volume measurements, among others. . In the 300s and 600s, the decimal number system that we still use today (created by the Hindu people) is created.

## List of Acronyms Related to Mathematics