What is Sociology?
Sociology is the science that studies the relationships between people who belong to a community or the different groups that make up society.
It is a science that belongs to the group of social and human sciences. The object of study of sociology encompasses the analysis of the phenomena of interaction between individuals, the internal forms of structure (social strata, social mobility, values, institutions, norms, laws), conflicts and forms of cooperation generated through social relationships.
Sociology studies the relations of formality present in life and in societies. As it is relative to facts and reality, it does not determine rules of social states and particularities of human conduct, because this is the objective of philosophy and social ethics. The word “sociology” was coined by A. Comte, but the concept arose through Enlightenment social and philosophical thought (eg Montesquieu and Hobbes) and German idealism (eg Hegel).
Sociology covers several areas, there being community sociology, economic sociology, financial sociology, political sociology, legal sociology, labor sociology, family sociology, etc.
Through research on the phenomena that are repeated in social interactions, sociologists observe common patterns to formulate theories about social facts. The study methods of sociology involve qualitative techniques (detailed description of situations and behaviors) and quantitative (statistical analysis).
Emergence of Sociology
Sociology emerged in the 18th century as a discipline of study on the consequences of two great events, the Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution, which caused profound economic, political and cultural transformations in the society of that period.
The term sociology was first used with the French philosopher Auguste Comte in his Course on Positive Philosophy, in 1838, in an attempt to unify studies related to Man, such as History, Psychology and Economics. The positive-functionalist sociological current, founded by Comte, was later developed by Émile Durkheim.
Other important sociological currents were initiated by Karl Marx and Max Weber.
Sociology of education
The sociology of education is seen as an area of sociology, which aims to study the interaction between the school (which is seen as an element of socialization) and the society in which it is inserted. In addition, it also contemplates the school as an organization and social institution.
Sociology of work
The sociology of work studies the social phenomena that occur in the world of work. In addition, the sociology of work studies the organization and evolution in the area of work and the social influence of these phenomena.
Sociology of law
The sociology of law refers to legal phenomena or the area of law in our society.
List of Acronyms Related to Sociology