South Korea Abbreviations

KR is the abbreviation for South Korea, the 107th largest country in the world. Officially the Republic of Korea, South Korea is a country located in East Asia, bordering North Korea. Seoul is the capital city of South Korea. Major cities include Seoul (population: 10,349,301), Busan (population: 3,678,544), Incheon (population: 2,627,989), Daegu (population: 2,566,529), Daejeon (population: 1,475,210), Gwangju (population: 1,416,927), Suwon (population: 1,242,713), Goyang-si (population: 1,073,058), Seongnam-si (population: 1,031,924), and Ulsan (population: 962,854).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Seoul
  • Language: Korean
  • Area: 100,363 km2
  • Population: 51,446,212
  • Currency: Korean Republic won (₩) (KRW)
  • Time zone: UTC+9
  • Calling code: 82
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: KR
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: KOR
  • Internet TLD: .kr
  • State Government Website: http://korea.net

Map of South Korea

List of South Korea Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about South Korea are KR which stands for South Korea and KRW which means Korean Republic won (₩) (South Korea currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to South Korea, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

KR: South Korea

Abbreviation Meaning
AKS Academy of Korean Studies
ASK Acoustical Society of Korea
ATKM All that Korean Medicine
AATK American Association of Teachers of Korean
ABK American Born Korean
AFKN American Forces Korea Network
AKM Angry Korea Man
ALAK Applied Linguistics Association of Korea
AIK Arachnological Institute of Korea
AIK Architectural Institute of Korea
AMS-K Army Management System-Korea
AKFTA ASEAN -Korea Free Trade Agreement
AAR Asiana Airlines Republic of Korea
ATEK Association for Teachers of English in Korea
AKA Association of Korean Adoptees
AKCSE Association of Korean Canadian Scientists and Engineers
AKOM Association of Korean Oriental Medicine
BOK Bank of Korea
BSMS-K Battlefield Spectrum Management System – Korea
BKC Bethany Korean Church
CKB California Korea Bank
CCCK Canadian Chamber of Commerce in Korea
CSEK Canon Semiconductor Engineering Korea, Inc.
CKAC Center for Korean American Culture
CKS Center for Korean Studies
CKR Centre for Korean Research
CJU Cheju, South Korea – Cheju
CKACC Chicago Korean American Chamber of Commerce
CKCG China-Korea Cyber Games
CJK Chinese Japanese Korean
CJK Chinesisch Japanisch Koreanisch
COMUSK Commander, United States Forces, Korea
CDNK Committee for Democratization of North Korea
CSK Committee for Standardisation Korea
CSK Committee for Standardization of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
CKUMC Concord Korean United Methodist Church
CKR Congress for Korean Reunification
CUK Consumers Union of Korea
CCK Contracting Command Korea
PRK Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
DPRK Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
DKJG Deutsch-Koreanische Juristische Gesellschaft
EKKA English Korean Karate Association
EPIK English Program in Korea
EKIP Enhanced/Extended Korean Improvement Program
KEXIM Export Import Bank of Korea
FKI Federation of Korean Industries
FKMTU Federation of Korean Metalworkers’ Trade Unions
FKLU Fellow of Korea Life Underwriter
FKSL Fesco Korea Sakhalin Line
FKBC First Korean Baptist Church
FKPCP First Korean Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia
FKBC Franconia Korean Baptist Church
GKN Global Korean Network
ICPS IFV Commander’s Panoramic Sight (Repubic of Korea Armed Forces)
ICN Inchon International Airport, Korea
IBK Industrial Bank of Korea
IACE Institute of APEC Cyber Education (Busan, South Korea)
IAKL International Association of Korean Lawyers
ICKS International Council on Korean Studies
ICSK International Cultural Society of Korea
IKMAF International Korean Martial Arts Federation
ISKA International Spouses of Koreans Association
JKT Japan, Korea, Taiwan
JKFC Japan-Republic of Korea Joint Fisheries Commission
JACK Joint Advisory Commission Korea
JKMS Journal of Korean Medical Science
JKEES Journal of the Korea Electromagnetic Engineering Society
JKMS Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
JAK Journalists Association of Korea
JFK Just from Korea
KKC Kodenshi Korea Corp.
KMK Kongsberg Maritime Korea
KASB Korea Accounting Standards Board
KAB Korea Accreditation Board
KAIST Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
KAI Korea Aerospace Industries
KAU Korea Aerospace University
KATI Korea Agricultural Trade Information
KACA Korea Air Cleaning Association
KAFA Korea Air Force Academy
KASC Korea Air Simulation Center
KACL Korea Amateur Comic Land
KAFS Korea America Friendship Society
KAFA Korea American Football Association
KAHPA Korea Animal Health Products Association
KAPS Korea Animal Protection Society
KARMA Korea Animal Rescue and Management Association
KAPA Korea Animation Producers’ Association
KOAS Korea Association for Service
KAH Korea Association of Health
KAIT Korea Association of Information and Telecommunication
KATE Korea Association of Teachers of English
KATA Korea Association of Travel Agents
KAVO Korea Auto Valley Operation
KBSC Korea Basic Science Center
KBSI Korea Basic Science Institute
KBSC Korea Battle Simulation Center
KBCSD Korea Business Council for Sustainable Development
KCBL Korea Campaign to Ban Landmines
KCFA Korea Chemical Fibers Association
KCAT Korea City Air Terminal
KCG Korea Coast Guard
KCC Korea Communications Commission
KCSC Korea Communications Standards Commission
KCCE Korea Computer Center Europe
KCI Korea Concrete Institute
KCIST Korea Conference on Innovative Science and Technology
KCBL Korea Contract Bridge League
KCV Korea Council of Volunteering
KOCCA Korea Culture and Content Agency
KDS Korea Data Systems
KDSM Korea Defense Service Medal
KDC Korea Design Center
KDB Korea Development Bank
KODECO Korea Development Company
KDFC Korea Development Finance Corporation
KDRA Korea Drug Research Association
KED Korea Economic Daily
KEI Korea Economic Institute
KDN Korea Electric Power Data Network Co, Ltd
KET Korea Electric Terminal Co., Ltd.
KETC Korea Electric Traffic Co., Ltd.
KEMC Korea Electrical Manufacturers Cooperative
KES Korea Electronics Show
KEOP Korea Enhanced Observing Period
KED Korea Enterprise Data Co., Ltd
KELA Korea Environmental Labelling Association
KEJ Korea Esperanto-Junularo
KRX Korea Exchange
KEB Korea Exchange Bank
KEEP Korea Exposure and Education Program
KESA Korea Extreme Sports Association
KFTC Korea Fair Trade Commission
KFB Korea Federation of Banks
KFSMB Korea Federation of Small and Medium Business
KFPA Korea Financial Planner Association
KFTC Korea Financial Telecommunications and Clearings Institute
KFI Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation
KFRI Korea Food Research Institute
KFA Korea Football Association
KFS Korea Forest Service
KFEZ Korea Free Economic Zone
KFX Korea Futures Exchange
KOGAS Korea Gas Corp.
KOGAS Korea Gas Corporation
KGS Korea Gas Safety Corporation
KGIA Korea Gift Industry Association
KGMI Korea Green Management Index
KHF Korea Hapkido Federation
KHSA Korea Health Supplement Association
KIRA Korea Industrial Relations Association
KICS Korea Information and Communications Society
KII Korea Information Infrastructure
KISA Korea Information Security Agency
KISDI Korea Information Society Development Institute
KIN Korea Information Technology Network
KIAS Korea Institute for Advanced Study
KIET Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade
KINU Korea Institute for National Unification
KICS Korea Institute of Communication Sciences
KICT Korea Institute of Construction Technology
KIDP Korea Institute of Design Promotion
KIF Korea Institute of Finance
KIG Korea Institute of Geology
KITECH Korea Institute of Industrial Technology
KIMM Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials
KINS Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety
KIRA Korea Institute of Registered Architects
KIST Korea Institute of Science and Technology
KIME Korea Institute of the Mideast Economies
KIAF Korea International Art Fair
KIA Korea International Automotive
KITA Korea International Trade Association
KIDC Korea Internet Data Center
KIV Korea Internet Volunteers
KITMC Korea Investment Trust Management Company
KKFS Korea Kent Foreign School
KKA Korea Kido Association
KKP Korea Knowledge Portal
KLI Korea Labor Institute
KLIA Korea Life Insurance Association
KLH Korea Light Helicopter
KMAQA Korea Management Association Quality Assurance
KMTC Korea Marine Transport Co., Ltd.
KMTC Korea Maritime Transport Corporation
KMAG Korea Market Advisory Group
KMIA Korea Meat Industries Association
KMJ Korea Metal Journal
KMA Korea Meteorological Administration
KMSA Korea Motor Sport Association
KMEC Korea Multimedia Education Center
KMH Korea Multipurpose Helicopter
KOMPSAT Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite
KOMCA Korea Music Copyright Association
KNHC Korea National Housing Corporation
KNOU Korea National Open University
KNSO Korea National Statistical Office
KNIC Korea Network Information Center
KRNIC Korea Network Information Center
KNS Korea News Service
KNF Korea Nuclear Fuel
KORDI Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
KODIS Korea Oceanographic Data and Information Service
KODC Korea Oceanographic Data Center
KOFA Korea Organic Farming Association
KPAA Korea Patent Attorneys Association
KOPRI Korea Polar Research Institute
KPU Korea Polytechnic University
KPDR Korea Popola Demokratia Respubliko
KPX Korea Power Exchange
KORDIC Korea Research and Development Information Center
KRE Korea Research Environment
KRIC Korea Research Information Center
KRS Korea Robotics Society
KRDA Korea Rural Development Administration
KOSEF Korea Science and Engineering Foundation
KSF Korea Science Foundation
KSCC Korea Securities Computer Corp.
KSIA Korea Semiconductor Industry Association
KSR Korea Society of Raccoon
KSIA Korea Software Industry Association
KSDL Korea Soviet Direct Line
KOSAD Korea Sports Association for the Disabled
KSSI Korea Sports Science Institute
KST Korea Standard Time
KSE Korea Stock Exchange
KSTAR Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research
KSDN Korea Sustainable Development Network
KTA Korea Technopark Association
KT Korea Telecom
KTF Korea Telecom Freetel
KTL Korea Testing Laboratory
KTCC Korea Thailand Communication Center
KTG Korea Tobacco & Ginseng Corporation
KTO Korea Tourism Organization
KTX Korea Train Express
KOTI Korea Transport Institute
KTB Korea Treasury Bond
KUP Korea United Pharm. Inc.
KU-2 Korea University
KU Korea University
KUT Korea University of Technology
KUSEP Korea University Student Exchange Program
KVMA Korea Veterinary Medical Association
KVGM Korea Video Game Museum
KWSA Korea Water Ski Association
KWIC Korea Welding Industry Cooperative
KWP Korea Western Power Company, Ltd.
KWAN Korea Wide Area Network
KWISA Korea Wireless Internet Solution Association
KWSA Korea Women Soccer Association
KWTC Korea World Trade Center
KYD Korea Youth Day
KJCFE Korea-Japan Conference on Ferroelectricity
KJMW Korea-Japan Microwave Conference
KRN Korean
KAAS Korean Academy of Agricultural Sciences
KAFA Korean Academy of Film Arts
KAMS Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
KMA Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
KAOMR Korean Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
KATS Korean Agency for Technology and Standards
KAIS Korean Air Intelligence System
KAL Korean Air Lines
KENYA Korean Air Lines Co
KE Korean Air Lines Co
KASC Korean Air Simulation Center
KALCC Korean Airlift Control Center
KAAS Korean American Actuarial Society
KAAN Korean American Adoptee Adoptive Family Network
KAA Korean American Alliance
KAARD Korean American Association for Rehabilitation of the Disabled
KAAC Korean American Association of Chicago
KABA Korean American Bar Association
KACL Korean American Citizens League
KAC Korean American Coalition
KAFA Korean American Family Association
KAFF Korean American Film Festival
KALCA Korean American League for Civic Action
KAMP Korean American Mentorship Program
KAPS Korean American Professional Society
KAPTA Korean American Professional Tennis Association
KRCC Korean American Resource & Cultural Center
KASM Korean American Sharing Movement
KASE Korean American Society of Entrepreneurs
KASEC Korean American Special Education Center
KASA Korean American Student Association
KASO Korean American Student Organization
KASY Korean American Students of Yale
KAVA Korean American Voters Alliance
KAYPA Korean American Young Professionals Association
KAMS Korean Ammunition Management System
KAWS Korean Analysis Work Station
KAADA Korean Association Against Drug Abuse
KASD Korean Association for Supporting the Disabled
KAFO Korean Association of Futures and Options
KAIS Korean Association of International Studies
KAOG Korean Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
KAPP Korean Association of Phonogram Producers
KAWT Korean Association of Women Theologians
KAH Korean Attack Helicopter
KATUSA Korean Augmentation To United States Army
KBO Korean Baseball Organization
KBL Korean Basketball League
KBC Korean Born Canadian
KBS Korean Broadcasting System
KBSM Korean Buddhist Sharing Movement
KCCI Korean Catholic Church in Ireland
KCSA Korean Catholic Student Association
KCDC Korean Center for Disease Control and Prevention
KCIA Korean Central Intelligence Agency
KCNA Korean Central News Agency
KCCI Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry
KCS Korean Chemical Society
KCF Korean Christian Federation
KCF Korean Christian Fellowship
KCC Korean Church Coalition
KCRCC Korean Combined Rescue Coordination Center
KCDC Korean Commercial Aircraft Development Consortium
KCIA Korean Cosmetic Industry Association
KCLA21 Korean Council for Local Agenda 21
KCRC Korean Council for Reconciliation and Cooperation
KCIC Korean Counter Intelligence Corps
KCSI Korean Customer Satisfaction Index
KDI Korean Development Institute
KDTS Korean Discipleship Training School
KDM Korean Domestic Market
KEU Korean Employee Union
KEU Korean Engineer Unit
KESA Korean Engineering Students’ Association
KEPZ Korean Export Processing Zone
KEC Korean Expressway Corporation
KFPA Korean Federation of Progressive Artists
KFSB Korean Federation of Small Business
KFTU Korean Federation of Trade Unions
KFA Korean Film Archive
KFC Korean Film Council
KFAC Korean Folk Art Club
KFQ Korean Foundation for Quality
KFB Korean Franciscan Brotherhood
KFL Korean Freedom League
KFA Korean Friendship Association
KGDA Korean Game Developers Association
KGP Korean Ginseng Products
KGB Korean Girl Boarders
KHF Korean Hemorrhagic Fever
KOHRNET Korean Human Rights Network
KIDS Korean Identity Development Society
KITA Korean Industrial Technology Association
KIFV Korean Infantry Fighting Vehicle
KIEE Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
KIISC Korean Institute of Information Security
KITE Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
KISS Korean Intelligence Support System
KIMF Korean International Music Foundation
KIS Korean International School
KIX Korean Internet Exchange
KJGE Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
KJP Korean Journal of Pathology
KKAW Korean KickBoxing Association Wales
KLFC Korean Language Flagship Center
KLP Korean Language Program
KLT Korean Language Test
KLTS Korean Language Test
KLAC Korean Legal Aid Corporation
KMAC Korean Management Association Consulting
KMS Korean Maplestory
KMAC Korean Martial Arts Center
KMAF Korean Martial Arts Federation
KMAR Korean Martial Arts Resource
KMCC Korean Martyrs Catholic Center
KMP Korean Massage Parlor
KMA Korean Medical Association
KMLA Korean Medical Library Association
KMAG Korean Military Advisory Group
KMAC Korean Military Armistice Commission
KOMID Korean Mining and Industrial Development Corp.
KMLA Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
KMTA Korean Music Therapy Association
KNCC Korean National Council of Churches
KNIC Korean National Insurance Corporation
KNP Korean National Police
KNR Korean National Railroad
KNL Korean Nationality Law
KNCC Korean New Covenant Church
KNGR Korean Next Generation Reactor
KNUG Korean NonStop Users Group
KNS Korean Nuclear Society
KNU Korean Nuclear Unit
KORC Korean Otter Research Center
KPA Korean Parent’s Association
K-PION Korean Patent Information Online Network
KPA Korean People’s Army
KPDR Korean People’s Democratic Republic
KPR Korean People’s Republic
K-PCS Korean Personal Communications System
KPS Korean Physical Society
KPOP Korean Pop
KP Korean Power
KPCA Korean Presbyterian Church in America
KPCM Korean Presbyterian Church of Madison
KPCM Korean Presbyterian Church of Minnesota
KP Korean Pride
KPCA Korean Printed Circuit Association
KRS Korean Radiological Society
KRO Korean Ragnarok Online
KRWU Korean Railway Workers’ Union
KRX Korean Recycler’s Exchange
KRS Korean Register of Shipping
KRISS Korean Research Institute of Standards and Science
KRC Korean Resource Center
KRD Korean Resources Development
KSC Korean Service Corps
KSM Korean Service Medal
KSDP Korean Social Democratic Party
KSSN Korean Social Security Number
KSFE Korean Society for Food Engineering
KSLI Korean Society for Language and Information
KSLCA Korean Society for Life Cycle Assessment
KSMCB Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology
KSMB Korean Society for Molecular Biology
KSP Korean Society for Parasitology
KSSA Korean Society for Service in Asia
KSAPS Korean Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
KSA Korean Society of Anesthesiologists
KOSME Korean Society of Marine Engineering
KSO Korean Society of Oregon
KSPM Korean Society of Pharmaceutical Medicine
KSR Korean Society of Rheology
KSF Korean Soldier Front
KSC Korean Solidarity Committee
KSF Korean Special Force
KPC Korean Specialized Postage Stamp Catalog
KS Korean Standard
KSNPP Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant
KS Korean Standards
KSA Korean Standards Association
KSA Korean Student Association
KSAC Korean Studies Advancement Center
KSAA Korean Studies Association of Australasia
KTA Korean Taekwondo Academy
KTF Korean Taekwondo Federation
KTU Korean Teachers and Education Workers Union
KTU-2 Korean Teachers and Education Workers Union
KTU Korean Teachers Union
KTU-2 Korean Teachers Union
KTU Korean Telephone Upgrade
KTU-2 Korean Telephone Upgrade
KTO Korean Theater of Operations
KTC Korean Tom Cruise
KTCC Korean Traditional Cultural Center
KTS Korean Translation Services
KVS Korean Vacuum Society
KVCA Korean Venture Capital Association
KVMA Korean Veterinary Medical Association
KVN Korean VLBI Network (astronomy project)
KW Korean War
KWSA Korean Windsurfing Association
KWEA Korean Women Entrepreneurs Association
KWA Korean Women’s Association
KRW Korean Won
WON Korean Won
KWP Korean Workers Party (North Korea)
KACA Korean/American Cowboy Association
KAAA Korean-American Acupuncture Association
KAFA Korean-American Friendship Association
KASTN Korean-American Science and Technology News
KASCCC Korean-American Senior Citizens Counseling Center, Inc.
KSA Korean-American Students Association
KCCA Korean-Canadian Children’s Association
KOW Koreans of Williams
KTCC Korean-Thai Chamber of Commerce
KCC Kumgang Korea Chemical Group
KUV Kunsan, South Korea
LVK Lektoren-Vereinigung Korea
LINK Liberty in North Korea
LPK Little People of Korea
LKL London Korean Links
MKIF Macquarie Korea Infrastructure Fund
MKOF Macquarie Korea Opportunities Fund
MIK Made in Korea
M-TEC Malesela Taihan Electric Cable Limited (South African South Korean joint venture)
MCKC Michigan Council of Korean Churches
MSK Microbiological Society of Korea
NAEK National Academy of Engineering of Korea
NFMK National Folk Museum of Korea
NHRCK National Human Rights Commission of Korea
NKMAA National Korean Martial Arts Association
NKPC National Korean Presbyterian Council
NLK National Library of Korea
NOKIA Nintendo of Korea
NOK Nintendo of Korea
NORK North Korea
NK North Korea
KP North Korea
NKFA North Korea Freedom Act
NKA North Korean Army
NKPA North Korean People’s Army
NKW North Korean Won
KPW North Korean Won
OSK Optical Society of Korea
OKA Organization for Korea Atomic Energy Awareness
OBK Outward Bound Korea
OKF Overseas Koreans Foundation
PUCK Pen User Club in Korea
PDRK People’s Democratic Republic of Korea
KN Peoples Republic of North Korea
PSK Pharmaceutical Society of Korea
KPO Pohang, South Korea – Na
PSK Polymer Society of Korea
PIRL POSTECH Information Research Laboratory (South Korea)
PCK Presbyterian Church of Korea
PPCK Printing and Publications Command – Korea
PUS Pusan, South Korea – Kimhae
RKI Radio Korea International
RIAK Recording Industry Association of Korea
RELROK Releasable to Republic of Korea Personnel
RELROCK Releaseable, Republic of Korea
KS Republic of Korea
KOR Republic of Korea
ROK Republic Of Korea
ROKAF Republic Of Korea Air Force
RKS Romanized Korean Spelling
RASKB Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch
SFKAFF San Francisco Korean-American Film Festival
SNKR Save North Korean Refugees
SKY Seoul National University, Korea University, and Yonsei University
SEL Seoul, South Korea – Kimpo International
SHCK Siberian Husky Club of Korea
SKAS Society of Korean-American Scholars
SNAK Society of Naval Architects of Korea
SHOS Sokcho, South Korea
SHO Sokcho, South Korea
SKR South Korea
KR South Korea
KOR South Korea
SK South Korea
SKT South Korea Telecom
SWAK Spinners & Weavers Association of Korea
SKBC Swiss-Korean Business Council
TAE Taegu, South Korea
TALK Teach and Learn in Korea
TKL The Korea Liberator
TKS Tokyo Korean School
TKN Tongil Korea Net
TKP Trans Korean Pipeline
USN Ulsan, South Korea
UKV United Korean Voice
UNPFK United Nations Partisan Forces Korea
USKF United States Forces Korea
USFK United States Forces, Korea
USK Universal Studio Korea
UKC US -Korea Conference on Science, Technology and Entrepreneurship (Korean-American Scientists and Engineers Association)
VFK Vacuum Forming Korea Corporation
VKX Vietnam Korea Exchange LTD
VANK Voluntary Agency Network of Korea
WPSK West Point Society of Korea
WBK Wetlands and Birds Korea
WCKNC Wilshire Center Koreatown Neighborhood Council
WORK Women’s Organization Reaching Koreans
WPSK Workers Party of South Korea
WPK Workers’ Party of Korea
YEC Yechon, South Korea – Yechon
RSU Yosu, South Korea – Yosu Airport
YKU Young Koreans United
ZSK Zoological Society of Korea

Geography

South Korea is a mountainous country on the southern part of the Korean peninsula. 70 percent of the land area is mountains. Along the east coast, the mountains plunge steeply into the sea, while in the west, in the shallow Yellow Sea, there are many islands and natural harbors.

The country has monsoon climate, with cold, dry winters and hot, humid summers. From late June to August, it is rainy, and more than half of the annual rainfall falls during this period. Only the southernmost parts of the country have pluses in winter. These areas are often affected by typhoons.

In recent years, South Korea has cut down a lot of forest, and the original forest areas are largely gone. Other environmental problems in the country include acid rainfall, overfishing and pollution of water as a result of factory spills. Air quality is also poor in the major cities. In addition, South Korea has the world’s ninth highest greenhouse gas emissions.

History

Korean civilization is more than 4,000 years old. Before World War II, the area was part of the country of Korea, which was gathered in the year 668. The geographical location between China and Japan has characterized history; for many centuries, China had the greatest influence over the Korean peninsula, but from the end of the 19th century Japan gained control. The country was a Japanese protectorate from 1905 until World War II ended.

After Japan’s defeat in the war, Korea was divided into two zones, which should really be temporary. The Soviet Union administered the northern zone, the United States the southern. Rival governments were established in the two regions. In 1948, South Korea first became independent states, and then the United States and the Soviet Union withdrew. Nevertheless, the United States continued to play an important role in South Korea, both economically, militarily and politically.

The Korean War broke out in 1950 following North Korean aggression. While the United States and a United Nations-backed force defended South Korea, North Korea received military support from China and the Soviet Union. After three years, the war ended. The limit was almost unchanged and 2.5 million people had lost their lives. A peace agreement between the two states is not yet signed, and the border is a UN-administered, demilitarized zone.

The military dictator Park Chung-hee ruled from 1961-79. It was not until 1988 that protests forced democracy and a new constitution that guaranteed human rights.

Society and politics

South Korea is a unified republic, where the president is head of state and government. South Korea has been democratic since the new constitution in 1988, which strengthened parliament’s power over the president’s. The president still has a lot of power, and is sitting for five years, but cannot be re-elected.

The relationship with North Korea is a factor in politics and is also a democratic challenge. The National Security Act prohibits “hostile activities” and contact with North Koreans without the government’s permission. The law has long been used to restrict political activity and suppress the opposition. North Korea’s nuclear test blasts and rocket launches have led to tougher war rhetoric and hostile attitudes between countries over the past decade.

Close ties between politicians and various business leaders have been problematic in South Korea. Major corruption allegations have led to the previous two presidents being imprisoned for bribes and bribes. The previous president, Park Geun-hye, was the country’s first female president. She was sentenced to state court and sentenced a 24-year sentence following a major corruption scandal in 2016. In May 2017, Liberal Democrat Moon Jae-in was elected after two presidential terms with the Conservative government.

Economics and Commerce

South Korea experienced tremendous economic growth after the Korean War in 1950-53, and has gone from being one of the world’s poorest countries to becoming one of the world’s largest economies. This has been done by combining state control with market economy, as well as having imported raw materials which they develop into various export goods. South Korea has little natural resources, and both imports and exports very much.

Today, the country is one of the world’s largest shipbuilding nations, and is also far ahead in the production of cars and various petrochemical and advanced electronic products. South Korea is also one of the leading fishing nations in the world, but that position is currently under threat due to overfishing.

South Korea’s economy is dominated by large, family-owned conglomerates called chaebol. Hyundai and Samsung are two of them. The country was hit hard by the Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s and by the international financial crisis of 2008-2009. Since then, the economy has stabilized again.

Abbreviation Archives