Sri Lanka Abbreviations

LK is the abbreviation for Sri Lanka, the 120th largest country in the world. Officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka is a country located in South Asia. Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is the capital city of Sri Lanka. Major cities include Colombo (population: 648,023), Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (population: 219,816), Moratuwa (population: 185,020), Jaffna (population: 169,091), Negombo (population: 137,212), Pita Kotte (population: 118,168), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (population: 115,815), Kandy (population: 111,690), Trincomalee (population: 108,409), and Kalmunai (population: 100,160).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
  • Language: Sinhala, Tamil
  • Area: 65,610 km2
  • Population: 21,670,011
  • Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
  • Time zone: UTC+5:30
  • Calling code: 94
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: LK
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: LKA
  • Internet TLD: .lk
  • State Government Website: gov.lk

Map of Sri Lanka

List of Sri Lanka Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Sri Lanka are LK which stands for Sri Lanka and LKR which means Sri Lankan rupee (Sri Lanka currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Sri Lanka, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

LK: Sri Lanka

Abbreviation Meaning
ARASL Amateur Rowing Association of Sri Lanka
AATSL Association of Accounting Technicians of Sri Lanka
ASLHK Association of Sri Lankans in Hong Kong
AASL Athletic Association of Sri Lanka
BABS Boutique Accommodation Bandarawela Sri-Lanka
CSL Caritas Sri Lanka
CAASL Civil Aviation Authority of Sri Lanka
CGPSL College of General Practitioners of Sri Lanka
CMB Colombo, Sri Lanka – Katunayake International
CSSL Computer Society of Sri Lanka
EUSL Eastern University of Sri Lanka
EFSL Emace Foundation of Sri Lanka
FOGSL Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka
FFSL Football Federation of Sri Lanka
FRSL Foundation for Rebuilding Sri Lanka
FSLBC Franco-Sri Lankan Business Council
FPSL Friends for Peace in Sri Lanka
FOSLA Friends of Sri Lanka Association
GASL Gemmologists Association of Sri Lanka
GMSL Green Movement of Sri Lanka
HSL Helvetas Sri Lanka
ISLA Indo-Sri Lanka Accord
IPSL Institute of Physics, Sri Lanka
IESL Institution of Engineers Sri Lanka
JDS Journalists for Democracy in Sri Lanka
MASL Muslim Aid Sri Lanka
NHF Narada Savana Foundation (Sri Lanka)
NCASL National Construction Association of Sri Lanka
NCCASL National Construction Contractors Association of Sri Lanka
NHSL National Hospital of Sri Lanka
NITESL National Institute of Technical Education of Sri Lanka
NPCSL National Peace Council of Sri Lanka
OPA Organization of Professional Associations of Sri Lanka
OBSL Outward Bound-Sri Lanka
PSL Pina Sri Lanka
PISL Plan International Sri Lanka
RSSL Radio Society of Sri Lanka
RPSL Real Patriotic Sri Lankans
RRISL Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka
SASL Samurdhi Authority of Sri Lanka
SSL Serving Sri Lanka
SSSSL Soil Science Society of Sri Lanka
SEUSL South Eastern University of Sri Lanka
SATELLITE Sri Lanka
LKER Sri Lanka
SL Sri Lanka
LK Sri Lanka
LKA Sri Lanka
CE Sri Lanka
SASA Sri Lanka Administrative Service Association
SLAF Sri Lanka Air Force
SLAHSS Sri Lanka Association for Health Social Sciences
SLAQ Sri Lanka Association for Quality
SLASI Sri Lanka Association for the Software Industry
SLANE Sri Lanka Association of New England
SLARDAR Sri Lanka Association of Racing Drivers and Riders
SLBC Sri Lanka Baptist Church
SLBF Sri Lanka Basketball Federation
SLBC Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation
SLBT Sri Lanka Buddhist Temple
SLBD Sri Lanka Business Directory
SLCA Sri Lanka Canada Association
SLACC Sri Lanka Ceramics Council
SLCB Sri Lanka Convention Bureau
SLCARP Sri Lanka Council for Agricultural Research Policy
SLCB Sri Lanka Council for the Blind
SLCF Sri Lanka Cricket Foundation
SLCA Sri Lanka Cricketers Association
SLEF Sri Lanka Ecotourism Foundation
SLEMA Sri Lanka Energy Managers Association
SLEDB Sri Lanka Export Development Board
SLFAA Sri Lanka First Aid Association
SLFPA Sri Lanka Food Processors Association
SLFI Sri Lanka Foundation Institute
SLGR Sri Lanka Government Railway
SLIIT Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology
SLLRDC Sri Lanka Land Reclamation and Development Corporation
SLLA Sri Lanka Library Association
SLLI Sri Lanka Light Infantry
SLMP Sri Lanka Mahajana Party
SLMA Sri Lanka Malay Association
SLMA Sri Lanka Medical Association
SLML Sri Lanka Medical Library
SLMA Sri Lanka Military Academy
SLMM Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission
SLMCC Sri Lanka Motor Cycle Club
SLNB Sri Lanka National Bibliography
SLNHA Sri Lanka National Health Accounts
SLOVENE Sri Lanka Navy
SLN Sri Lanka Navy
SLNP Sri Lanka Nidahas Pakshaya
SLPA Sri Lanka Parents Association
SLPSP Sri Lanka Peace Support Project
SLPA Sri Lanka Photo Album
SLP Sri Lanka Police
SLPD Sri Lanka Police Department
SLPA Sri Lanka Port Authority
SPG Sri Lanka Pugwath Group
SLR Sri Lanka Railway
SLRCS Sri Lanka Red Cross Society
SLRC Sri Lanka Rupawahini Corporation
SLR Sri Lanka Rupee
SLSMS Sri Lanka Saukyadana Movement
SLSM Sri Lanka Saukyadana Movement
SLS Sri Lanka Solidarity
SLSI Sri Lanka Standards Institution
SLT Sri Lanka Telecom
SLTA Sri Lanka Tennis Association
SLVA Sri Lanka Veterinary Association
SLWC Sri Lanka Women’s Conference
SLYP Sri Lanka Youth Parliament
SLCSF Sri Lanka-Canada Scholarship Foundation
SLA Sri Lankan Army
SLA Sri Lankan Association
SLM Sri Lankan Military
SLMA Sri Lankan Muslims Association
LKR Sri Lankan Rupee
ALK Srilankan Airlines
UL Srilankan Airlines Code
TRCSL Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka
UNASL United Nations Association of Sri Lanka
WUSL Wayamba University of Sri Lanka
WAPS World Alliance for Peace in Sri Lanka

Geography

Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean. The landscape can be divided into three main types: rainy lowlands in the southwest, dry lowlands in the northeast and highlands in the south. The highest mountain, Pidurutalagala, is 2524 meters above sea level. Down from the mountains, rivers flow in many directions. Along the coast there are sandy beaches and lagoons. The climate is tropical and warm with little differences between seasons, but the temperature varies between the regions of the country. In the southwest it is warm and humid, in the north it is dry and very hot and in the highlands in the south it is colder. Monsoon rain gives the east coast rainfall in the summer, and the west coast rainfall in the winter.

Sri Lanka’s biggest environmental problem is rapid deforestation. This has led to soil erosion, destruction of natural animal habitats and increased flood vulnerability. In the 1970s, the authorities started a tree planting project. They have also prohibited harvesting of forests more than 1500 meters above sea level. Unfortunately, the measures have had little effect, and Sri Lanka’s forest continues to disappear.

History

The Sinhalese came to the island 2,500 years ago. They created a high culture and drove the indigenous people into the jungle. When the Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka in 1505, there were two Sinhalese and one Tamil kingdom on the island. Despite fierce opposition from the inhabitants, the Portuguese colonized the island quickly. In the middle of the 17th century, the Portuguese were driven out by the Dutch, who were again defeated by the British towards the end of the 17th century. The British established large tea and rubber plantations, introduced monetary economics and forced the inhabitants to pay taxes. In response to the colonial power, a liberation movement emerged demanding independence.

It was not until 1948 that the country became an independent state in the British Commonwealth. Disgust between Sinhalese and Tamils ​​grew because the Sinhalese had special advantages: the official language was to be Sinhalese, and their religion, Buddhism, became official state religion. In order to fight for the rights of the Tamils, the radical movement of the Tamil Tigers (LTTE) arose, demanding an independent Tamil state. From 1983-2009, the country was ravaged by civil war because of the conflict between the Sinhalese and the Tamils, where more than 70,000 people died.

Society and politics

Sri Lanka is a democratic republic with universal suffrage. The President and the National Assembly are elected every five years. The 1978 Constitution gives the president a lot of power – the president elects the prime minister, is the army chief and can dissolve the national assembly after four and a half years. Although Sri Lanka is initially democratic, democratic problems such as abuse of power, corruption, electoral fraud and political repression have occurred.

The conflict between the authorities and the Tamil Tigers (LTTE) has characterized politics. After several peace processes, the war ended in 2009, when the government forces fought the Tamil Tigers. A political solution to the conflict has failed. The international community has criticized Sri Lanka for human rights violations during the civil war.

Poverty has been reduced in recent decades, but many are still poor. Compared to other countries in the region, Sri Lanka has a relatively good welfare system, and several health services are free. Women have a weak position in society and are discriminated against in the work and education system. Tamils ​​and gays also experience systematic discrimination.

Economics and Commerce

Sri Lanka’s economy was previously based on agriculture and simple industry. In the 1970s, tea, coconut and rubber accounted for 90 percent of export revenue, but today these goods make up only 20 percent of exports.

The textile industry, the service sector and the construction industry have taken over, and today generate large revenues. Tourism is another important source of income, and the peace in 2009 has given the tourism industry a boost. In addition, many work abroad and send money home to Sri Lanka.

After the peace, foreign companies have also become more interested in establishing themselves in Sri Lanka. Since the 1950s, export earnings have not been able to cover imports. Thus, Sri Lanka has borrowed money and this has given the country large foreign debt.

The economy is largely controlled by lending institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. These have, among other things, demanded that the country privatize and cut back on the public sector. Unemployment in Sri Lanka has declined over the past few years, but youth unemployment remains a problem.