Sudan Abbreviations

SD is the abbreviation for Sudan, the 15th largest country in the world. Officially the Republic of the Sudan, Sudan is a country located in North Africa, bordering 7 countries – Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan. Khartoum is the capital city of Sudan. Major cities include Khartoum (population: 1,974,636), Omdurman (population: 1,199,989), Nyala (population: 565,723), Port Sudan (population: 489,714), Kassala (population: 401,466), Al-Ubayyid (population: 393,300), Gedaref (population: 363,934), Kūstī (population: 345,057), Wad Madani (population: 332,703), and Ad Du’ayn (population: 264,723).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Khartoum
  • Language: Arabic, English
  • Area: 1,886,068 km2
  • Population: 41,592,528
  • Currency: Sudanese pound (SDG)
  • Time zone: UTC+2
  • Calling code: 249
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: SD
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: SDN
  • Internet TLD: .sd
  • State Government Website:

Map of Sudan

List of Sudan Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Sudan are SD which stands for Sudan and SDG which means Sudanese pound (Sudan currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Sudan, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

SD: Sudan

Abbreviation Meaning
AMIS African Union Mission in Sudan
ACROSS Association of Christian Resource Organisations Serving Sudan
CEAS Christian Ecumenical Action in Sudan
CEAS Church Ecumenical Action in Sudan
CPS Communist Party of Sudan
ESRDF Eastern Sudan Reconstruction and Development Fund
ELF El Fasher, Sudan – El Fasher
ECS Episcopal Church of the Sudan
ECCS Evangelical Covenant Church of Sudan
FSNP Free Sudan National Party
GVD Galactic Vasudan Destroyer
GOSS Government of South Sudan
GOS Government of Sudan
HASS Humanitarian Assistance for South Sudan
KRT Khartoum, Sudan – Civil
NSCC New Sudan Council of Churches
NSHPA New Sudan Honey Producers Association
NSWF New Sudan Women’s Federation
OLS Operation Lifeline Sudan
PVE Parliamentary Vasudan Empire
PVN Parliamentary Vasudan Navy
PZU Port Sudan Airport
PCOS Presbyterian Church of Sudan
PWS Proto-West Sudanic
RASS Relief Association of Southern Sudan
SSIM South Sudan Independent Movement
SSNA South Sudan News Agency
SSOM South Sudan Operation Mercy
SSUM South Sudan United Movement
SSARP Southern Sudan Agriculture Revitalization Program
SSPS Southern Sudan Police Service
SU Sudan
SU-2 Sudan
STEWARD Sudan
SD Sudan
SACS Sudan Academy for Communication Sciences
SADA Sudan Accountability and Divestment Act of 2007
SANU Sudan African National Union
STEWARD Sudan Airways
SUD Sudan Airways
SD Sudan Airways
SBSA Sudan Boy Scouts Association
SCBL Sudan Campaign to Ban Landmines
SCBRC Sudan Catholic Bishops’ Regional Conference
SCIO Sudan Catholic Information Office
SCC Sudan Council of Churches
SDD Sudan Dinar
SDAA Sudan Divestment Authorization Act
SDTF Sudan Divestment Task Force
SEDA Sudan Education and Development Agency
SEM Sudan Evangelical Mission
SFCA Sudan Fertility Care Association
SHRA Sudan Human Rights Association
SHRV Sudan Human Rights Voice
SHS Sudan Humanitarian Services
SIMAS Sudan Integrated Mine Action Services
SIC Sudan Interior Church
SIMULATOR Sudan Interior Mission
SIM Sudan Interior Mission
SIU Sudan International University
SLM Sudan Liberation Movement
SLMA Sudan Liberation Movement and Army
SLC Sudan Literature Centre
SMC Sudan Medical Care
SMDF Sudan Microfinance Development Facility
SNBC Sudan National Broadcasting Corporation
SOLO Sudan Open Learning Organization
SOAT Sudan Organization against Torture
SPDF Sudan People’s Defence Forces
SPLA Sudan People’s Liberation Army
SPLM Sudan People’s Liberation Movement
SRC Sudan Red Crescent
SDN Sudan Republic
SSI Sudan Service International
SUDO Sudan Social Development Organisation
STCP Sudan Trachoma Control Program
SUST Sudan University of Science and Technology
SVRA Sudan Vision and Rehabilitation Association
SWTUF Sudan Workers Trade Unions Federation
SAFE Sudan-American Foundation for Education, Inc
SASCO Sudanese Aeronautical Services Co. Ltd
SALI Sudanese Association for Libraries and Information
SUDRA Sudanese Development and Relief Agency
STEWARD Sudanese Dinar
SD Sudanese Dinar
SECS Sudanese Environment Conservation Society
SFZ Sudanese Free Zones and Markets Co.
SGUJ Sudanese General Union of Journalists
SIA Sudanese Institute of Architects
SJPH Sudanese Journal of Public Health
SLA Sudanese Liberation Army
SNP Sudanese National Party
SNADD Sudanese North American Diaspora Database
SORD Sudanese Organization for Research & Development
SPLF Sudanese People’s Liberation Front
SPECIALIST Sudanese Petroleum Corporation
SPC Sudanese Petroleum Corporation
SVTG Sudanese Victims of Torture Group
SYU Sudanese Youth Union
SSO Sudano-Sahelian Office
UNMISS United Nations Mission in Sudan
UNMIS United Nations Mission in Sudan
UNSO United Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office
USNP United Sudan National Party
WVSS World Vision Southern Sudan

Geography

The northern part of Sudan consists of large, barren desert areas. In the southern areas, the desert turns into semi-desert and plains. Small mountain ranges cut through the plains in several places, forming a natural boundary to the Ethiopian highlands in the southeast and Chad in the southwest. The Blue and White Nile meet centrally in the country and flow further north toward Egypt. Along the river banks there is a narrow strip of fertile agricultural land through the otherwise arid desert areas. The climate in Sudan varies from arid desert climate in the north to tropical and humid in the southeast. Temperatures are consistently high and can reach up to 50 degrees at the warmest. The greatest seasonal variation is the rainfall that comes during short rainy seasons in the south. The northern part of the country receives little to no rainfall.

Sudan is very prone to drought. The country is completely dependent on the small rainfall that comes, and in case of deviations the consequences can be huge. The country’s biggest environmental challenges are lack of fresh water, soil erosion and desertification. Extensive hunting threatens the country’s natural diversity and wildlife.

History

Around 2500 BCE the kingdom of Kush was established in today’s Sudan. During periods of the kingdom’s heyday between 1000 BCE. to 400 AD, Sudanese kings and pharaohs ruled over both Sudan and Egypt. Beyond the 400s, the area was divided into several smaller Christian kingdoms, but from the end of the 600s, invading rulers forced the Christian states to convert to Islam. Throughout the 19th century, then, the kingdoms became subject to Ottoman-Egyptian control of military support from Britain, and from 1898 until the country became independent, it was ruled by Egyptian-British cooperation.

Since independence in 1956, Sudan has been characterized by civil war. After millennia of different influences, kingdoms and religions, there were great differences between the regions and the people of the country. In the south, civil war broke out between the Muslim (northern) government and the mainly Christian and animist population in the south. With the exception of some interruptions, the war lasted until 2005. In 2011, Sudan was divided into two, Sudan and South Sudan.

Since 2003, Sudan has also been characterized by a civil war in the province of Darfur. Like the one in South Sudan, the war has its roots in the ethnic, cultural and religious differences within the country.

Society and politics

Sudan is formally a republic where a president is elected every five years. The President is both Head of State and Government. In reality, the country has been a dictatorship since a military coup in 1989. Press freedom in the country is poor, and there are frequent violations of the human rights of the population.

The policy is largely influenced by the ongoing conflicts in the country and the relationship with the newly created neighboring South Sudan. Following South Sudan’s secession in July 2011, the parties have not yet agreed on the sharing of borders and the distribution of Sudan’s debt and natural resources such as oil and water. The country’s many conflicts have resulted in millions of people fleeing both internally and in neighboring countries. Sudan lacks significant infrastructure such as roads, power supply, and the sanitary conditions are very poor. In addition, government institutions such as the judiciary and the police, the education sector and the health care system perform very poorly.

Women’s rights are poor, and genital mutilation is a widespread practice throughout the country. During the many internal conflicts, rape has been used as a power strategy, and many, especially non-Muslims, have been forced into slavery.

Economics and Commerce

Sudan has long been one of the poorest and least developed countries in Africa. Extensive drought in the 1980s worsened the situation, damaging the already vulnerable agricultural industry. After the country began exporting oil in 1999, the economy began to grow, and living standards among the population increased. However, growth slowed in 2011 when South Sudan became independent, as most of the oil deposits were in the south. The economic downturn led to high inflation, and strong tightening policies to large protests from the population. The country’s oil revenues are unevenly distributed, and inequalities between poor and rich increase. Agriculture is the industry that employs the most and which feeds the majority of the population. Corruption and tax fraud are widespread in all business sectors.

Sudan has widespread poverty, with around 47 percent of the population living below the national poverty line. The government has managed the oil revenues irresponsibly, and the country remains dependent on international aid.

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