Thailand Abbreviations

TH is the abbreviation for Thailand, the 50th largest country in the world. Officially the Kingdom of Thailand, Thailand is a country located in Asia, bordering 4 countries – Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, and Myanmar. Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand. Major cities include Bangkok (population: 5,104,465), Samut Prakan (population: 388,909), Nonthaburi (population: 291,544), Udon Thani (population: 247,220), Chon Buri (population: 219,153), Nakhon Ratchasima (population: 208,770), Chiang Mai (population: 200,941), Hat Yai (population: 191,685), Pak Kret (population: 182,915), and Si Racha (population: 178,905).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Bangkok
  • Language: Thai
  • Area: 513,120 km2
  • Population: 68,863,503
  • Currency: Baht (฿) (THB)
  • Time zone: UTC+7
  • Calling code: 66
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: TH
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: THA
  • Internet TLD: .th
  • State Government Website: http://tourismthailand.org

Map of Thailand

List of Thailand Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Thailand are TH which stands for Thailand and THB which means Baht (Thailand currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Thailand, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

TH: Thailand

Abbreviation Meaning
AAT Airports Authority of Thailand
AOT Airports of Thailand Plc
AIST Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand
ASIT Alliances for Study Abroad and Internships in Thailand
ACT American Corporations for Thailand
AFTN American Forces Thailand Network
ATC Aromatics Thailand Public Company Limited
AEFT Asian Elephant Foundation of Thailand
ASINS Association for Strengthening Integrated National Population and Health Development Activities of Thailand
ASIN Association for Strengthening Integrated National Population and Health Development Activities of Thailand
TOSF Association of Thailand Open Source Federation
APHT Association of the Physically Handicapped of Thailand
AAT AutoAlliance Thailand
BANGKOK Bangkok, Thailand – Bangkok International Airport
BKK Bangkok, Thailand – Bangkok International Airport
BOT Bank of Thailand
BUILD BOI Unit for Industrial Linkage Development (Thailand)
BIST Bromsgrove International School Thailand
BLT Business Logistics Thailand Co., Ltd
CLMT Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand
CBCT Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Thailand
CCTD Catholic Council of Thailand for Development
CSCT Catholic Social Communications of Thailand
CNXS Chiang Mai, Thailand – International
CNX Chiang Mai, Thailand – International
CEI Chiang Rai, Thailand – Chiang Rai
CCPT Chinese Communist Party of Thailand
CAPCAT Coalition Against Prostitution and Child Abuse in Thailand
CAT Computer Association of Thailand
CCOT Confederation of Consumer Organizations, Thailand
CBLT Contract Bridge League of Thailand
CULT Credit Union League of Thailand Ltd
DMHT Diageo Moet Hennessy Thailand
DOCT Dive Operators Club of Thailand
ECT Election Commission of Thailand
EGAT Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
FIST Federation of Independent Students of Thailand
FSBT Fujitsu Systems Business Thailand
GOT Gulf of Thailand
HDY Hat Yai, Thailand
HITT Hitachi Industrial Technology Thailand Ltd.
HATC Honda Automobile Thailand Co., Ltd.
IMT-GT Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle
IFCT Industrial Finance Corporation of Thailand
JTBF Japan Thailand Business Forum
JTEPA Japan-Thailand Economic Partnership Agreement
JTV Japan-Thailand-Vietnam
JAAT JICA Alumni Association Thailand
KNIT Knowledge Network Institute of Thailand
USM Koh Samui, Thailand
KTCC Korea Thailand Communication Center
LCT Labour Congress of Thailand
LTAT Lawn Tennis Association of Thailand
LTH Lepidoptera of Thailand
MSTL Macquarie Securities Thailand Limited
HGN Mae Hong Son, Thailand – Mae Hong Son
MAMT Manulife Asset Management Thailand Co. Ltd.
MAT Medical Association of Thailand
NAK Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand – Nakhon Ratchasima
NBT National Broadcasting Services of Thailand
NCSWT National Council on Social Welfare of Thailand
NEBT National Epidemiology Board of Thailand
NRCT National Research Council of Thailand
NSCT National Student Center of Thailand
NIST New International School of Thailand
NOLP NSTDA Online Learning Project (Thailand)
PLAT People’s Liberation Army of Thailand
PTT Petroleum Authority of Thailand
VTPP Phitsanulok Airport, Thailand
PHS Phitsanulok, Thailand
HKT Phuket, Thailand – Phuket
PPAT Planned Parenthood Association of Thailand
PAT Psychiatric Association of Thailand
RLT Reliable Liaison Thailand, Co Ltd
HAT Reproductive Health for Quality of Life Development Association of Thailand
RCPT Royal College of Psychiatrists of Thailand
RPST Royal Photographic Society of Thailand
SNO Sakon Nakhon, Thailand
SFST Soil and Fertilizer Society of Thailand
SMET Sony Mobile Electronics Thailand
SFAT Sport Flying Association Thailand
SATELLITE Sports Authority Of Thailand
SAT Sports Authority of Thailand
SRT State Railway of Thailand
SET Stock Exchange of Thailand
SETI Stock Exchange of Thailand Index
URT Surat Thani, Thailand
TOT Telephone Organization of Thailand
TNCA Thai NGO Coalition on AIDS (Thailand)
THAI Thailand
THA Thailand
TH Thailand
TFIS Thailand Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System
THB Thailand Baht
TBMF Thailand Baptist Missionary Fellowship
TCTA Thailand Cable TV Association
TCBL Thailand Campaign to Ban Landmines
TCCC Thailand Campus Crusade for Christ
TCTP Thailand Canada Telecentre Project
TCEB Thailand Convention Exhibition Bureau
TCC Thailand Covenant Church
TCDC Thailand Creative Design Center
TDA Thailand Darts Association
TEI Thailand Environment Institute
TGC Thailand Glider Club
TGIST Thailand Graduate Institute of Science and Technology
TICA Thailand Incentive and Convention Association
TIFF Thailand International Furniture Fair
TKF Thailand Karate Federation
TLTP Thailand Land Titling Project
TMRS Thailand Marketing Research Society
TNPD Thailand National Police Department
TNA Thailand News Agency
TSD Thailand Securities Depository Co., Ltd.
TSRA Thailand Squash Rackets Association
TAFTA Thailand-Australia Free Trade Agreement
TIPS Thailand-Indonesia-Philippines-Singapore
TLCB Thailand-Laos-Cambodia Brotherhood, Inc.
TNZCEP Thailand-New Zealand Closer Economic Partnership
TMAT The Magazine Association of Thailand
TIT This Is Thailand
TAT Tourism Authority of Thailand
TOT Tourist Organization of Thailand
UTH Udon Thani, Thailand – Udon
VPAT Veterinary Practitioner Association of Thailand
VTX Vietnam Thailand Express
WFFT Wildlife Friends Foundation Thailand
WVFT World Vision Foundation of Thailand
ZPO Zoological Park Organization of Thailand

Geography

Thailand is an elongated country, about one and a half times the size of Norway. The landscape varies from region to region. In the northwestern regions there are several mountain ranges, with peaks up to 2,500 meters above sea level. In the northeast lies the lowland landscape with low ridges and fertile agricultural areas. The plains in the middle of the country have many rivers, including the large Chao Phraya River, which forms a delta on the Gulf of Thailand. The Malacca Peninsula, the narrow part, consists of a narrow mountain range surrounded by elongated sandy beaches. Before, tropical forest covered most of the country, but much of the forest was felled and replaced with rubber trees.

The climate is tropical and therefore it is not winter season in the country. Temperatures range between 25 and 30 degrees year-round, and the rainy season lasts from June/July to the end of September. In recent decades, Thailand has experienced large-scale industrial development, without the authorities having regard to environmental protection. This has led to polluted drinking water and poor air quality in several of the larger cities, many animal species are almost extinct and forests have shrunk due to harvest.

History

Today’s Thailand became a country in the mid-1400s. The Siam Empire, as it was called in 1939, developed its own scriptural language, adopted theravada Buddhism as its official religion, and adopted its own legal system that lasted until the 19th century. The kingdom was ruled by monarchical kings from the Chakri dynasty for 150 years, until a revolutionary coup in 1932 established a constitutional monarchy in which the king played a more symbolic role.

During World War II, the country was on Japan’s side, but was not as severely punished in the war as its allies. Thailand is the only South Asian country that has never been under European rule.

The United States considered the country the most important front line against communism in Southeast Asia, and financially supported Thailand in the 1950s. Thailand therefore helped the Americans in both the Korea and Vietnam wars.

The former agricultural community quickly became a heavily industrialized country, which experienced adventurous economic growth from 1960-96. Oppressive regimes ruled until the country began to become more democratic in the 1990s.

Since the revolution in 1932, the country has experienced 19 military coups and short periods of democracy. Takshin Shinawatra became prime minister in 2001, and implemented major welfare reforms that made him popular in poor, underdeveloped areas. Corruption revelations triggered major protests against Takshin in the mid-2000s. The prime minister announced new elections, but before he could make it, he was deposed in a coup d’état in 2006. Since then, the power struggle has continued between Takshin’s supporters and opponents.

The military took power in a coup in 2014 and ousted Thailand’s elected government, led by Yingluck Shinawatra, Takshin’s little sister. Today the country is ruled by a military junta.

Society and politics

The politics are characterized by the tension between the military, the deposed elected government and the king. The army has had a great influence since the 1930s, and has often deposed democratically elected governments under the pretext of protecting the monarchy. Supporters of the military and the royal house come from the cities and the south of the country. Those who support Takshin Shinawatra’s policies live in rural areas in the east and north. Both groups each have their own popular protest movement: the royal-friendly and nationalist yellow shirts, and the Takshin-friendly red shirts.

The monarchy represents stability for Thais. The previous king ruled from 1948 until he died in 2016 and was replaced by his son Maha Vajiralongkorn.

There has been much unrest in the south of the country, on the border with Malaysia, where the majority of the population is Malay Muslims with a different language and culture than the rest of the country. Many of these will emancipate from Thailand, and rebels have waged an armed struggle for independence since the 1960s.

The country has uneven levels of development, a lot of corruption and serious human rights violations by the police and the army. Although many Thais have improved over the last few decades, many are living below the national poverty line.

Following the coup in 2014, the military regime has restricted freedom of speech and declared a state of emergency. A strictly monitored referendum in 2016 approved the military’s constitutional proposal, which gives the military additional power.

Economics and Commerce

The Thai economy has experienced tremendous development since World War II. The former agricultural community acquired a large textile and electronics industry in a few years. Almost half of the country’s workers are still working in agriculture, which is now streamlined and modernized.

Thailand supplies the world with rubber and rice, and is the world’s largest exporter of these two products. In addition, the country exports a lot of fish, wheat and sugar. Tourism is also a major part of the economy.

Thailand has paid a high price for the rapid development: poor farmers have had to relocate due to industrial development, and this creates a population pressure in the cities.

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