United States Abbreviations

USA is the abbreviation for United States, the 3rd largest country in the world. Officially United States of America, United States is a country located in North America, bordering Canada and Mexico. Washington, D.C. is the capital city of United States. Major cities include New York (population: 8,175,122), Los Angeles (population: 3,971,872), Chicago (population: 2,720,535), Brooklyn (population: 2,300,653), Houston (population: 2,296,213), Queens (population: 2,272,760), Philadelphia (population: 1,567,431), Phoenix (population: 1,563,014), Manhattan (population: 1,487,525), and San Antonio (population: 1,469,834).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Washington, D.C.
  • Language: English
  • Area: 3,796,742 km2
  • Population: 327,167,434
  • Currency: United States dollar ($) (USD)
  • Time zone: UTC−4 to −12
  • Calling code: 1
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: US
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: USA
  • Internet TLD: .us
  • State Government Website: USHistory.org

Map of United States

List of United States Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about United States are US which stands for United States and USD which means United States dollar (United States currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to United States, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

US: United States

Abbreviation Meaning
ACHTUS Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians of the United States
AHS Academy of Health Sciences, United States Army
ACUS Administrative Conference of the United States
AOUSC Administrative Office of the United States Courts
APUSH Advanced Placement United States History
ANGUS Air National Guard of the United States
ARCUS Air Racing Council of United States
AEUSKF All Eastern United States Kendo Federation
AUSA Allied United States of America
ALAUSA American Latvian Association in the United States
ALUSNA American Legation United States Naval Attaché
ARC-USA Anglican Roman Catholic Dialogue in the United States
AUS Arcadis United States
ARCUS Arctic Research Consortium of the United States
ARCU Arctic Research Consortium of the United States
AARDAC Army Air Reconnaissance for Damage Assessment in the Continental United States
ARNGUS Army National Guard of the United States
AUS Army of the United States
AUSA Assistant United States Attorney
AUST Assistant United States Trustee
ABACUS Association of Bibliographic Agencies of Britain, Australia, Canada and the United States
AMSUS Association of Military Surgeons of the United States
AUSA Association of the United States Army
ACUS Atlantic Council of the United States
AGAC Attorney General’s Advisory Committee of United States Attorneys
ANZUS Australia, New Zealand, & United States
AUSSIE Australian United States Services in Education
ANZUS Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty
AUSFTA Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement
BUS Bank of the United States
BUSA Black United States of America
USCIIC-BR Branch United States Civilian Internee Information Center
BAUS Buddhist Association of the United States
BONUS Building Opportunities in the United States
BMUS Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the United States
CANUS Canada – United States
CUSLI Canada – United States Law Institute
CAN-US Canada-United States
WWD Cape May, NJ United States
CHA Catholic Health Association of the United States
CUSCPS Center for United States-China Policy Studies
CEUS Central and Eastern United States
CUSEC Central United States Earthquake Consortium
CUSR Central United States Registry
CUSECO Certified United States Export Compliance Officer
CSAF Chief of Staff, United States Air Force
CSA Chief of Staff, United States Army
CCUSA Children of Chernobyl United States Alliance
CUUS Chinese Undergraduates in the United States
CVS Clovis Cannon AFB, New Mexico, United States
CBUS Clydesdale Breeders of the United States
COHO-US Cohousing Association of the United States
CAUS Color Association of the United States
FCS Colorado Springs Butts AAF United States
AFF Colorado Springs USAF Academy United States
CBM Columbus AFB United States
COMDTINST Commandant, United States Coast Guard Instruction
CINCUSEUCOM Commander in Chief United States European Command
CINCUSTRANSCOM Commander in Chief United States Transportation Command
COMUSAFE Commander in Chief, United States Air Force in Europe
CINCAFLANT Commander in Chief, United States Air Forces, Atlantic
CINCUSCENTCOM Commander in Chief, United States Central Command
USCINCPAC Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Command
CINCSO Commander in Chief, United States Southern Command
CINCSTRATCOM Commander in Chief, United States Strategic Command
CINCSTRIKE Commander in Chief, United States Strike Forces
COMSOCPAC Commander Special Operations Command, United States Pacific Command
COMSOCCENT Commander, Special Operations Command, United States Central Command
COMSOCEUR Commander, Special Operations Command, United States European Command
COMARSPACE Commander, United States Army Space Command
COMUSFORAZ Commander, United States Forces, Azores
COMUSJAPAN Commander, United States Forces, Japan
COMUSJ Commander, United States Forces, Japan
COMUSK Commander, United States Forces, Korea
COMUSLANDFOR Commander, United States Land Forces
CUSNC Commander, United States Naval Forces Central Command – COMFIFTHFLT
CDRUSSOCOM Commander, United States Special Operations Command
CFIUS Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States
CPUSA Communist Party of the United States of America
COTUS Constitution of the United States
CUSA Constitution of the United States of America
CCDD Construction and Community Development Department, Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America
CONUS Conterminous United States
CONUS Contiguous United States
CUS Contiguous United States
CONUS Continental United States
CONUSA Continental United States Army
CONR Continental United States NORAD Region
CONOPS Continental United States Operations
CIUS Crime in the United States
DUSA Daughters of the United States Army
DWF Dayton Wright AFB United States
DUSM Deputy United States Marshal
DHUS Direct Hire United States
DCUS District Courts of the United States
EUSC Effective United States Control
EUSCS effective United States controlled ships
EUSA Eighth United States Army
ESU English-Speaking Union of the United States
EAFUS Everything Added to Food in the United States
EOUSA Executive Office United States Attorney
FOCUS Federation on Computing in the United States
FAUS Feingold Association of the United States
FOCUS Fiber Optic Communities of the United States
FUSION Finland-United States Investigation of NIDDM Genetics
FLOTUS First Lady Of The United States
FALCON Force Application and Launch from the Continental United States
FOUS Forecast Output United States
FUS Former United States
FMA Fragrance Materials Association of the United States, Inc.
FOCUS Future of Ocean Chemistry in the United States
GVI Government of the United States Virgin Islands
HTSUS Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States
HQUSACE Headquarters, United States Army Corps of Engineers
HSUS Historical Statistics of the United States
HIUS History of the United States
HSUS Humane Society of the United States
IATSE International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, Moving Picture Technicians, Artists and Allied Crafts of the United States, Its Territories and Canada
ISS-USA International Social Service – United States of America Branch, Inc
JCS James Connolly Society of Canada and the United States
JER Jersey, Channel Islands, United Kingdom – States
JBUSDC Joint Brazil-United States Defense Commission
JBUSMC Joint Brazil-United States Military Commission
JUSMAG Joint United States Military Advisory Group
JUSMAG Joint United States Military Assistance Group
JUSMMAT Joint United States Military Mission for Aid to Turkey
JUSFTA Jordan-United States Free Trade Agreement
JCUS Judicial Conference of the United States
KATUSA Korean Augmentation To United States Army
LUSAC LePere United States Army Combat
LMVUS List of Merchant Vessels of the United States
MPBA Machine Printers Beneficial Association of the United States
MHAUS Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States
MCMUS Manual for Courts-Martial United States
MAA Maritime Arbitration Association of the United States
MCA-USA Military Chaplains Association of the United States of America
MUSD Million United States Dollars
NAUS National Archives of the United States
NAAUSA National Association of Assistant United States Attorneys
NGW National Grid Wireless Group United States
NATMAPUS Naval Assistant to the Military Aide to the President of the United States
NLUS Navy League of the United States
OCRD Office Chief of Research and Development, United States Army
OMGUS Office of Military Government, United States
OUST Office of the United States Trustee
OCONUS Outside Contiguous United States
EXTRACONUS Outside Continental United States
OCONUS Outside the Continental United States
OUS Outside the United States
PACUSA Pacific Air Command United States Army
PBTFUS Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation of the United States
PGSUS Precision Guided Systems United States
PCUS Presbyterian Church in the United States
POUS President of the United States
POTUS President Of The United States
PUSA President of the United States of America
POTUS Presidents of the United States
PCUS Propeller Club of the United States
RVA Regular Veterans Association of the United States
RUSI Republic of the United States of Indonesia
RADIUS Research and Development in the United States
RADIUS Research Archive on Disability in the United States
WRACELD Retired for Disability on account of Wounds Received in Action or for disability incurred in Combat with an Enemy of the United States
RPUS Revenue Properties United States, Inc.
RRCUS Rhodesian Ridgeback Club of the United States
RRUS Ridgeback Rescue of the United States
KSDL Scottsdale Airport, AZ, United States
SBUS Second Bank of the United States
SUSA Seventh United States Army
SIECUS Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States
SUSTAIN Sharing United States Technology to Aid in the Improvement of Nutrition
SEEUS SouthEastern Exchange of the United States
SROC Southern Region Operational Center, United States Southern Command
SUBR States United for Biomedical Research
SCOTUS Supreme Court of the United States
TSUSA Tariff Schedule for The United States, Annotated
TOTUS Teleprompter of the United States
TRCUS Thai Ridgeback Club of the United States
FSMB The Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States, Inc
TJAGSA The Judge Advocate General’s School, United States Army
CONUSA the Numbered Armies in the Continental United States
USSECMILCOMUN the Secretary, United States Delegation UN Staff Committee
TUSLOG The United States Logistics Group
TUSA Third United States Army
TRUTH Transparency and Responsibility for United States Trade Health
GUATEMALA Undenominated United States Stamp
HORIZONTAL Undenominated United States Stamp
HACKER Undenominated United States Stamp
ELEMENT Undenominated United States Stamp
ERROR Undenominated United States Stamp
H Undenominated United States Stamp
FELLOW Undenominated United States Stamp
F Undenominated United States Stamp
G Undenominated United States Stamp
FOUL Undenominated United States Stamp
ENHANCED Undenominated United States Stamp
DECI Undenominated United States Stamp
DRAIN Undenominated United States Stamp
E Undenominated United States Stamp
FRACTION Undenominated United States Stamp
D Undenominated United States Stamp
FLUNKED Undenominated United States Stamp
DAILY Undenominated United States Stamp
FULL Undenominated United States Stamp
UKRAINE United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States and Canada
UCAS United Canadian American States
UCS United Civilized States
UEW United Estates of Wythenshawe
UMS United Mexican States
USSA United Socialist States of America
US United States
USRBC United States – Russia Business Council
USUK United States – United Kingdom
USL United States 12 Month Oil Fund, LP
USAD United States Academic Decathlon
USAA United States Achievement Academy
USAB United States Activities Board
USAGA United States Adaptive Golf Association
USAN United States Adopted Name
USASA United States Adult Soccer Association
USAN United States Advanced Network
USAF United States Aerobatic Foundation, Inc.
USAMC United States Affiliate Manager Coalition
USAN United States African Network
USAID United States Agency for International Development
USAPA United States Agricultural Producers Alliance
USAF United States Aikido Federation
USAF United States Air Force
USAFA United States Air Force Academy
USAFADS United States Air Force Air Demonstration Squadron
USAFA United States Air Force Auxiliary
USAFI United States Air Force Institution
USAFI United States Air Force Instruction
USAFI United States Air Force Intelligence
USAFMC United States Air Force Medical Center
USAFMC United States Air Force Mobility Center
USAFR United States Air Force Reserve
AFSAM United States Air Force School of Aviation Medicine
USAFSOS United States Air Force Special Operations School
USAFTPS United States Air Force Test Pilot School
USAFEP United States Air Force, Europe pamphlet
USAFEM United States Air Forces Europe Manual
USAS United States Air Service
USATA United States Air Tour Association
USAPA United States Airborne Pathfinder’s Association
USAA United States Aircraft Appraiser
USAIG United States Aircraft Insurance Group
USAB United States Airforce Base
USAA United States Air-Table-Hockey Association
ALCOM United States Alaskan Command
USAA United States Albacore Association
USASF United States All Star Federation
USAEM United States Alliance of Emergency Medicine
USAC United States Alpine Club
USABDA United States Amateur Ballroom Dancers Association
USAHA United States Amateur Hockey Association
USAJRF United States Amateur Jump Rope Federation
USAPL United States Amateur Public Links
USASA United States Amateur Soccer Association
USCF United States and China Foundation
USAHA United States Animal Health Association
USAP United States Antarctic Program
USARC United States Antarctic Resource Center
USAA United States Apple Association
USAN United States Approved Name
USASA United States Aquaculture Suppliers Association
USAF United States Arbitrage Finance II, LLC
USAA United States Arbitration Act of 1925
USAM United States Arbitration and Mediation
USAT United States Archery Team
USARC United States Arctic Research Commission
USAPC United States Argos Processing Center
USAF United States Armed Forces
USAFI United States Armed Forces Institute
USASCRUR United States Armed Services Center for Research of Unit Records
USACDA United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
USA United States Armsports
USAA United States Armwrestling Association
USAF United States Armwrestling Federation
USA United States Army
USAASC United States Army Acquisition Support Center
USAABMDA United States Army Advanced Ballistic Missile Defense Agency
USAASA United States Army Aeronautical Services Agency
USAAS United States Army Air Service
USAATCA-ASO United States Army Air Traffic Control Activity-Aeronautical Services Office
USAATL United States Army Applied Technology Laboratory
ARRCOM United States Army Armament Materiel Readiness Command
ARRADCOM United States Army Armament Research & Development Command
USAMCCOM United States Army Armament, Munitions, and Chemical Command
USAARENBD United States Army Armor & Engineer Board
USAARMHRU United States Army Armor Human Research Unit
USAARMS United States Army Armor School
USAAVNBD United States Army Aviation Board
USAAVNC United States Army Aviation Center
USAAVNDTA United States Army Aviation Development Test Activity
USAAVLABS United States Army Aviation Materiel Laboratories
AMMC United States Army Aviation Materiel Management Center
USAASC United States Army Aviation Systems Command
USAAVSCOM United States Army Aviation Systems Command
USAB United States Army barracks
USABIOLABS United States Army Biological Laboratories
USAC United States Army Cadet Corps
USACDA United States Army Catalog Data Agency
USACHPPM United States Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine
USACPED United States Army Central Physical Evaluation Board
USACMDA United States Army Chemical Materiel Destruction Agency
CIVPERCEN United States Army Civilian Personnel Center
CERB United States Army Coastal Engineering Research Board
CERC United States Army Coastal Engineering Research Center
USACCL United States Army Coating & Chemical Laboratory
USACASCOM United States Army Combined Arms Support Command
USACGSC United States Army Command & General Staff College
USACCSA United States Army Command and Control Support Agency
USACOM United States Army Communications
USACEBD United States Army Communications-Electronics Board
USACECOM United States Army Communications-Electronics Command
USACEEIA United States Army Communications-Electronics Engineering and Installation Agency
USACFSC United States Army Community and Family Support Center
USACSC United States Army Computer Systems Command
USACCA United States Army Congressional Correspondence Agency
USACERL United States Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory
USAC United States Army Corps
USACOE United States Army Corps Of Engineers
USACE United States Army Corps of Engineers
USCE United States Army Corps of Engineers
CANADA United States Army DARCOM Catalog Data Activity
CDA United States Army DARCOM Catalog Data Activity
USAD United States Army Depot
USAEPG United States Army Electronic Proving Ground
USAESEIA United States Army Electronic Systems Engineering Installation Agency
ECOM United States Army Electronics Command
USAECLRA United States Army Electronics Command Logistics Research Agency
USAERDAA United States Army Electronics Research & Development Activity, Fort Huachuca, AZ
USAESEIA United States Army Electronics Systems Engineering Installation Activity
USAE United States Army Engineer
USAEDLMV United States Army Engineer Division, Lower Mississippi Valley
USAEDSP United States Army Engineer Division, South Pacific
USAETL-TAC United States Army Engineer Topographic Laboratory/Terrain Analysis Center
USAESCH United States Army Engineering Support Center, Huntsville
USAFA United States Army Field Artillery
USAFABD United States Army Field Artillery Board
USAFAD United States Army Field Artillery Detachment
USFAD United States Army Field Artillery Detachments
USAFOCA United States Army Field Operating Cost Agency
USAFORSCOM United States Army Forces Command
FORSCOM United States Army Forces Command
USAFBI United States Army Forces in the British Isles
USAG United States Army Garrison
USAG-MI United States Army Garrison – Michigan
USAGPAN United States Army Graduate Program in Anesthesia Nursing
USAHSC United States Army Health Services Command
HSC United States Army Health Services Command
USAIB United States Army Infantry Board
USAISC-7TH United States Army Information Systems Command – 7th Signal Command
USAISC-WESTCOM United States Army Information Systems Command – Western Command
USAISEC United States Army Information Systems Engineering Command
USAISMA United States Army Information Systems Management Activity
USAISSAA United States Army Information Systems Selection & Acquisition Activity
USAISSDC United States Army Information Systems Software Development Center
USAISSSC United States Army Information Systems Software Support Command
USAI United States Army Intelligence
INSCOM United States Army Intelligence & Security Command
USAITAC United States Army Intelligence & Threat Analysis Center
USAINTA United States Army Intelligence Agency
USAITFG United States Army Intelligence Threats & Forecasts Group
USAITC United States Army International Technology Center
USAIMC United States Army Inventory Management Center
USAJFKSWTG United States Army John Fitzgerald Kennedy Special Warfare Training Group
USAKA United States Army Kwajalein Atoll
USALSA United States Army Legal Services Agency
USALC United States Army Logistics Center
USALEA United States Army Logistics Evaluation Agency
AMETA United States Army Management Engineering Training Agency
USAMSC United States Army Maneuver Support Center
USAMU United States Army Marksmanship Unit
USAMC United States Army Materiel Command
USAMRSA United States Army Materiel Command, Materiel Readiness Support Activity
USAMSAA United States Army Materiel System Analysis Activity
USAMC United States Army Medical Component
USAMMA United States Army Medical Materiel Agency
USAMRMC United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
USAMRIID United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases
USAMCC United States Army Metrology & Calibration Center
USAMPCO United States Army Military Police Company
USAMPS United States Army Military Police School
USAMICOM United States Army Missile Command
USAMD United States Army Missile Detachment
USANETA United States Army Networks, Engineering and Telecommunications Activity
USANCA United States Army Nuclear and Chemical Agency
USANCA United States Army Nuclear and Combating WMD Agency
ANUDS United States Army Nuclear Data System
USAOTEA United States Army Operational Test and Evaluation Agency
USAOEC United States Army Operations Evaluation Command
OAC United States Army Ordnance Ammunition Command
USAOMMS United States Army Ordnance Mechanical Maintenance School
USAORRF United States Army Ordnance Rocket Research Facility
OSWAC United States Army Ordnance Special Weapons – Ammunition Command
USASAP United States Army Pacific
USAPIA United States Army Personnel Information Activity
USAPC United States Army Petroleum Center
USAPDA United States Army Physical Disability Agency
USAPHC United States Army Primary Helicopter Center
USAPDC United States Army Publications Distribution Center
USAPA United States Army Publishing Agency
USAQMC-AND-S United States Army Quartermaster Center & School
USAQMC-AND-S United States Army Quartermaster Center and School
USAREC United States Army Recruiting Command
ARO-E United States Army Research & Development Group, Europe
USARIEM United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine
USAR United States Army Reserve
USARC United States Army Reserve Center
USARC United States Army Reserve Command
USARF United States Army Reserve Forces
GOCOM United States Army Reserve General Officer Command
USA-RET United States Army Retired
SAFCMD United States Army Safeguard Command
USASTCFEO United States Army Science and Technology Center
USASAC United States Army Security Affairs Command
USASA United States Army Security Agency
USASAFS United States Army Security Agency Field Station
USASAC United States Army Security Assistance Center
USASAC United States Army Security Assistance Command
USASF United States Army Security Force
USASAC United States Army Seoul Area Command
USASCAF United States Army Service Center for the Armed Forces
USASDC United States Army Software Development Center
USASSC United States Army Soldier Support Center
USARSPACE United States Army Space Command
USASF United States Army Special Forces
USASSG United States Army Special Security Group
USASDC United States Army Strategic Defense Command
USASD United States Army Student Detachment
USATSA United States Army Technical Support Activity
USATSC United States Army Terrestrial Sciences Center
USATA United States Army TMDE Activity
USATCEFLW United States Army Training Center, Engineer & Fort Leonard Wood
USATSC United States Army Training Support Center
USAT United States Army Transport
USATTC United States Army Tropic Test Center
USAV United States Army Vessel
USAWC United States Army War College
USAYPG United States Army Yuma Proving Ground
USAB United States Army, Berlin
USAEAGSC United States Army, Europe, Adjutant General Support Center
USARJ United States Army, Japan
USARSO United States Army, South
USARSO United States Army, Southern Command
USASBE United States Association for Small Business and Entrepreneurship
USACFC United States Association of Collegiate Fencing Clubs
USAFMC United States Association of Former Members of Congress
USAMC United States Association of Former Members of Congress
USAG United States Association of Gymnastics
USAI United States Association of Immigrants
USA-ITA United States Association of Importers of Textiles and Apparel
USAC United States Atlantic Coast
USACOM United States Atlantic Command
USLANTFLT United States Atlantic Fleet
USA United States Attorney
USAG United States Attorney General
USAO United States Attorney Offices
USAM United States Attorneys’ Manual
USAFA United States Australian Football Association
USAFL United States Australian Football League
USASA United States Australian Shepherd Association
USAC United States Auto Club
USAC United States Auto-Sound Challenge
USAIG United States Aviation Insurance Group
USAU United States Aviation Underwriters, Inc
USAA United States Axemen’s Association
USBI United States Bancorp Investments, Inc.
USBC United States Bankruptcy Court
USBC United States Barista Championship
USBRO United States Base Requirements Overseas
USBL United States Basketball League
USBH United States Behavioral Health
USBB United States Blood Bank, Inc.
USBBY United States Board on Books for Young People
USBF United States Bocce Federation
USBF United States Bodybuilding Federation
USBE United States Book Exchange
USBP United States Border Patrol
USBR United States Bowen Registry
USBC United States Bowling Congress
USBS United States Boy Scouts
USBC United States Breastfeeding Committee
USBC United States Bridge Championships
USBF United States Bridge Federation
USBP United States Bullet Proofing
USBR United States Bureau of Reclamation
USBC United States Bureau of the Census
USBIC United States Business and Industry Council
USBB United States Business Brokers Incorporated
USBN United States Business Network
USCC United States Camel Corps
USCB United States Campaign for Burma
USCM United States Campus Ministries
USCKT United States Canoe & Kayak Team
USCA United States Canoe Association
USCP United States Capitol Police
USCA United States Carrom Association
USCFL United States Cartoon Football League
USCC United States Catholic Conference
USCCB-POCMR United States Catholic Conference of Bishops Pastoral Office for Care of Migrant Refugees
USCR United States Caudate Registry
USCA United States Cavalry Association
USC United States Cavers
USCF United States Cavers Forum
USCC United States Cellular Corp.
USCB United States Census Bureau
USCWM United States Center for World Mission
USCENTCOM United States Central Command
USCC United States Central Command
USCL United States Certified Letters
USCOC United States Chamber of Commerce
USCC United States Chamber of Commerce
USC United States Champion
USCA United States Champion Association
USCW United States Championship Wrestling
USCC United States Chaplains Corps, Inc.
USCF United States Chess Federation
USCL United States Chess League
USCGA United States Christian Golf Association
USC United States Citizen
USCAT United States Citizens Against Terrorism
USCAT United States Citizens Allying Together
USCMC United States Civil Military Corps
USCSC United States Civil Service Commission
USCW United States Civil War
USCE United States Clinical Experience
USCEFA United States Coalition for Education for All
USCL United States Coalition for Life
USCGS United States Coast and Geodetic Survey
USCG United States Coast Guard
USCGA United States Coast Guard Academy
USCGA United States Coast Guard Auxiliary
USCGB United States Coast Guard Band
USCGR United States Coast Guard Reserve
USC United States Code
USCA United States Code Annotated
USCFRS United States Code of Federal Regulations
USCS United States Code Service
USCHO United States College Hockey Online
USCAA United States Collegiate Athletic Association
USCMC United States Colonial Marine Corps
USCM United States Colonial Marines
USCT United States Colored Troops
USCINCPACOM United States Commander In Chief Pacific Command
USCINCEUR United States Commander in Chief, European Command
USCINCLANT United States Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Command
USCP United States Commercial Paper
USCS United States Commercial Service
CSHK United States Commercial Service Hong Kong
USCS United States Commercial Standard
USCFL United States Committee for a Free Lebanon
USCR United States Committee for Refugees
USCID United States Committee on Irrigation and Drainage
USCF United States Commodity Funds LLC
USCGNET United States Communications Grid Network
USCC United States Community College
USCC United States Composting Council
UCCB United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
USCOC United States Conference of Chaplains
USCM United States Conference of Mayors
USCA United States Conference on AIDS
USC United States Constitution
USCA United States Contractors Association
USCA United States Copyright Act
USCO United States Copyright Office
USCAA United States Corporate Athletics Association
USCC United States Corps of Cadets
USCOC United States Corps Of Chaplains
USCC United States Corps of Chaplains
USCOE United States Corps of Engineers
USCA United States Court of Appeals
USCAVC United States Court of Appeals for Veterans’ Claims
USCF United States Cricket Federation
USCA United States Croquet Association
USCCCA United States Cross Country Coaches Association
USCS United States Cryptologic System
USCP United States Cultural Pluralism
USCA United States Curling Association
USCS United States Customary System
USCR United States Customs Regulations
USCS United States Customs Service
USCTI United States Cutting Tool Institute
USCCU United States Cyber Consequences Unit
USCF United States Cycling Federation
USDA United States Dairy Association
USDAO United States Defense Attaché Office
USDLO United States Defense Liaison Office
USDLA United States Defense Logistics Agency
USDMA United States Defense Mapping Agency
USDR United States Defense Representative
USDR United States Defense Research
USDS United States Defense Services
USDI United States Dental Institute
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
USDAFSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service
USDAFS United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service
USDOC United States Department of Commerce
USDOD United States Department Of Defense
USDD United States Department of Defense
USDE United States Department of Education
USED United States Department of Education
USDOE United States Department of Education
USDOE United States Department Of Energy
USDHHS United States Department of Health and Human Services
USDOI United States Department of Interior
USDOJ United States Department of Justice
USDL United States Department of Labor
USDOL United States Department of Labor
DOP United States Department of Peace
USDS United States Department of State
USDI United States Department of the Interior
USDOT United States Department of Transportation
USDWA United States Deputy Wardens Association
USDR United States Desert Racing
USDN United States Digital Network
USDH United States Direct Hire
USDIA United States Direct Investment Abroad
USDP United States Disclosure Policy
USDLA United States Distance Learning Association
USDP United States Distilled Products
USDH United States Document Help
USDR United States Dog Registry
USD United States Dollar
USDF United States Dressage Federation
USDFD United States Driving for the Disabled
USDR United States Drug Rehabs Centers
USEC United States East Coast
USEASA United States Eastern Amateur Ski Association
USEF United States Educational Foundation
USEG United States Educational Group
USEF United States Elite Force
USEA United States Energy Association
USED United States Engineering Department (circa 1900)
USEC United States Enrichment Corporation
USEF United States Entertainment Force
USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
USESSA United States Environmental Science Services Administration
USEDC United States Equestrian Drill Championship
USEF United States Equestrian Federation
USET United States Equestrian Team
USEP United States Escapee Program
USEC United States Eurasier Club
USEA United States Eventing Association
USEA United States Executive Agencies
USED United States Executive Director
USEE United States Exploring Expedition
USFTC United States Federal Trade Commission
USFSB United States Federation of Small Businesses
USFG United States Fidelity & Guaranty
USFT United States Field Trial
USFM United States Financial Management, Inc.
USFS United States Financial Services
USFWS United States Fish and Wildlife Service
USF United States Flag
USFFL United States Flag Football League
USFIRST United States for Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology
USKF United States Forces Korea
USFJ United States Forces, Japan
USFK United States Forces, Korea
USFI United States Forces-Iraq
USFCS United States Foreign Commercial Service
USFS United States Forest Service
USF United States Freightways
USFE United States Futures Exchange
USG United States Gallon
UGA United States Gasoline Fund LP
USG United States Gauge
USGF United States Gayong Federation
USGL United States Gemological Laboratory
USGN United States Genealogy Network
USGA United States General Assembly
USGS United States Geological Survey
USGC United States Global Change
USGCRP United States Global Change Research Program
USGB United States Gold Bureau
USGA United States Golf Association
USGTF United States Golf Teachers Federation
USG United States Government
USGC United States Government Classified
USGEID United States Government Equipment Identification
USGG United States Government Grants
USGM United States Government Manual
USGPO United States Government Printing Office
USGA United States Graduates Association
USGC United States Grain Corporation
USGL United States Grand Lodge
USGPRU United States Grand Prix Riders Union
USGBC United States Green Building Council
USG United States Gulf
USGA United States Gymnastics Association
USGC United States Gymnastics Championships
USGF United States Gymnastics Federation
USG United States Gypsum
USGC United States Gypsum Corporation
USHF United States Handcycling Federation
USHGA United States Hang Gliding Association
USHF United States Hapkido Federation
USHOFMAA United States Head of Family Martial Arts Association
UHN United States Heating Oil Fund
USHSLA United States Hide, Skin and Leather Association
USHCG United States High Commissioner for Germany
USHER United States Higher Education Root Certificate Authority
USH United States Highway
USHCCF United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce Foundation
USHCN United States Historical Climatology Network
USHS United States Historical Society
USHMM United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
USHS United States Humane Society
USIGIS United States Imagery and Geospatial Information Service
USIGS United States Imagery and Geospatial Information Service
USIGS-CDM United States Imagery and Geospatial Information Service Conceptual Data Model
USIGS United States Imagery and Geospatial System
USIS United States Imagery System
USIO United States Implementing Organization
USIBC United States India Business Council
USIHS United States Indian Health Service
USIC United States Industry Coalition, Inc.
USIA United States Information Agency
USIS United States Information Service
USIC United States Infrastructure Corporation
USIP United States Innovation Partnership
USITS United States Institute for Telecommunications Sciences
USITT United States Institute for Theatre Technology
USIP United States Institute of Peace
USIN United States Intelco Networks
USIA United States Intelligence Agency, Inc.
USIB United States Intelligence Board
USIC United States Intelligence Community
USIC United States interdiction coordinator
USIRS United States Internal Revenue Service
USIM United States International Mission
USITC United States International Trade Commission
USIU United States International University
USIC United States Internet Council
USIGS United States Internet Genealogical Society
USIS United States Investigations Services
USIA United States Islands Award
USISTF United States Israel Science and Technology Foundation
USJFCOM United States Joint Forces Command
USJTF United States Joint Task Force
USJT United States Journal Training, Inc.
USJF United States Judo Federation
USJJF United States Ju-Jitsu Federation
USJF United States Justice Foundation
USKK United States Karate Do Kai
USKL United States Karate League
USKF United States Kendo Federation
USKKA United States Kenpo Karate Association
USLP United States Labor Party
USL United States Laboratory
USLM United States Land Monument
USLW United States Law Week
USLM United States Legal Markets
USLI United States Liability Insurance
USLO United States Liaison Officer
USLP United States Libertarian Party
USLC United States Library of Congress
USLI United States Life Insurance
USLS United States Life-Saving Service
USLHS United States Lighthouse Service
USLHS United States Lighthouse Society
USLS United States Lighthouse Society
USLM United States Lime Minerals
USLR United States Lipizzan Registry
USMTC United States Machine Tool Consumption Report
USMT United States Machine Tools Corp.
USM United States Mail
USMG United States Management Group
USMC United States Manufacturing Corporation
USMB United States Marine Band
USMC United States Marine Commission
USMC-RET United States Marine Corps
USMC United States Marine Corps
USMCR United States Marine Corps Reserve
USMARCENT United States Marine Forces, US Central Command
USMR United States Marine Repair
USM United States Marines
USMA United States Maritime Administration
USMX United States Maritime Alliance, Ltd.
USM United States Marshal
USMA United States Martial Arts Association
USMEF United States Meat Export Federation
USMG United States Medical Graduate
USMLE United States Medical Licensing Examination
USMMA United States Medical Massage Association
USMF United States Memory Foam
USMNT United States Men’s National Team
USMMA United States Merchant Marine Academy
USMM United States Merchant Marines
USMER United States merchant ship vessel locator reporting system
USMT United States Message Text
USMTF United States Message Text Format
USMTF United States Message Transfer Format
USML United States Microgravity Laboratory
USMP United States Microgravity Payload
USM United States Military
USMA United States Military Academy Prep School
USMCEB United States Military Communications-Electronics Board
USMD United States Military District
USMEPCOM United States Military Entrance Processing Command
USMF United States Military Force
USMG United States Military Government
USMILGP United States military group
USMI United States Military Intelligence
USMOG-W United States Military Observer Group – Washington
USMILREP United States military representative
USMR United States Military Reserve
USMRAG United States Military Retiree Association Greece
USMT United States Military Telegraph
USMTM United States Military Training Mission
USMT United States Military Tribunal
USMU United States Military Union
USM United States Militia
USMSHA United States Mining Safety and Health Administration
UMI United States Minor Outlying Islands
MNT United States Mint
IQ United States miscellaneous Pacific Islands Outlying Areas
USMCC United States Mission Control Center
UNVIE United States Mission to International Organizations in Vienna
USEU United States Mission to the European Union
USUN United States Mission to the United Nations
USMG United States Mod Group
USMT United States Monitoring Team
USMR United States Mortgage Reduction, Inc.
USMF United States Muaythai Federation
USML United States Munitions List
USMT United States Music Tradeshow
USMA United States Mutual Association
USNF United States Naginata Federation
USNA United States National Academies
USNAS United States National Academy of Sciences
USNA United States National Arboretum
USNARA United States National Archives and Records Administration
USNA United States National Assessment
USNC United States National Committee
USNF United States National Forest
USNF United States National Formulary
USNG United States National Guard
USNMR United States National Military Representative
USNM United States National Museum
USNODC United States National Oceanographic Data Center
USNSN United States National Seismic Network
USNSE United States National Support Element
USNTDP United States National Team Development Program
UNG United States Natural Gas Fund LP
UGA United States Natural Gas Fund, LP
USNA United States Naval Academy
USNAAA United States Naval Academy Alumni Association
USNAS United States Naval Air Station
ALUSNA United States Naval Attaché
USNATTC United States Naval Aviation Technical Training Center
USNH United States Naval Home
USNH United States Naval Hospital
USNI United States Naval Institute
USNIP United States Naval Institute Proceedings
USNO United States Naval Observatory
USNO-B10 United States Naval Observatory All-Sky Catalog
USNR United States Naval Reserve
USNS United States Naval Ship
USNSW United States Naval Special Warfare
USNTPS United States Naval Test Pilot School
USN-RET United States Navy
USN United States Navy
USNF United States Navy Fighters
USNL United States Navy League
USNMF United States Navy Memorial Foundation
USNR United States Navy Regulation
USNS United States Navy Seals
USNGTA United States Net and Gross Tonnage Admeasurements
USNJ United States New Jersey
USNP United States Newspaper Program
USNA United States Notary Association
USN United States Note
USAF United States of Africa
USA United States of Africa
USA United States of America
USAC United States of America Cycling
USAE United States of America Equestrian
USAF United States of America Football
USAG United States of America Gymnastics
USAKF United States of America Karate Federation
USAMO United States of America Mathematical Olympiad
USAPA United States of America Patriot Act
USAPA United States of America Pickleball Association
USASA United States of America Snowboard Association
USATF United States of America Track and Field
USAV United States of America Volleyball
USA United States of Atlanta
USE United States of Earth
USOE United States of Eurasia
USOE United States of Europe
USE United States of Europe
USN United States of New Continent
USOP United States of Poetry
USSA United States of South Africa
USOTA United States of the Art
USOP United States Office in Pristina
USOTA United States Office of Technology Assessment
USO United States Oil Fund
USOF United States Oil Fund, LP
USOC United States Olympic Committee
USOL United States On Line
USO United States Open
USOC United States Operations Center
USOM United States Operations Mission
USOF United States Orienteering Federation
USOID United States Overseas Internal Defense
USPC United States Pacific Command
USPACOM United States Pacific Command
USPP United States Pacifist Party
USPI United States Package Inserts
USPTA United States Paddle Tennis Association
USPL United States Paintball League
USPA United States Parachute Association
USPP United States Park Police
USPC United States Parole Commission
USPDESD United States Partnership for the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development
USP United States Patent
USPA United States Patent Act
USPTO United States Patent and Trademark Office
USPC United States Patent Classification
USP United States Penitentiary
USPA United States Permafrost Association
USPCA United States Personal Chef Association
USPCI United States Personal Chef Institute
USP United States Pharmacopeia
USPC United States Pharmacopeial Convention
USPTS United States Physics Team
USPA United States Pickleball Association
USPA United States Pilots Association
USPP United States Pirate Party
USPC United States Playing Card Company
USPA United States Poker Association
USPCA United States Police Canine Association
USPA United States Polka Association
USPA United States Polo Association
USPC United States Pony Clubs
USPA United States Poolplayers Association
USP United States Postage
USPI United States Postal Inspector
USPS United States Postal Service
USPS United States Power Squadrons
USPF United States Powerlifting Federation
USPSTF United States Preventive Services Task Force
USPL United States Price List
USPI United States Principal Investigator
USPC United States Printer Committee
USPI United States Private Investigators
USPP United States Private Placement
USPHS United States Product Data Association
USPTA United States Professional Tennis Association
USPV United States Professional Volleyball League
USPFO United States Property & Fiscal Office
USPA United States Psychotronics Association
USPA United States Public Adjusters
USPH United States Public Health
USPHS United States Public Health Service
USPF United States Pump It Up Festival
USPE United States Purchasing Exchange
USRA United States Racing Association
USRA United States Racquetball Association
USRA United States Railroad Administration
USRA United States Railway Association
USRC United States Rally Championship
USRDA United States Recommended Daily Allowance
USRDI United States Reference Daily Intake
USRDS United States Renal Data System
USREP United States Representative
USRNMC United States Representative to NATO Military Committee
USREPMC United States representative to the military committee (US DoD)
USRADCO United States Research & Development Coordinator
USRC United States Reserve Corps
USRG United States Restaurant Guide
USRA United States Revolver Association
USRM United States Risk Management, LLC
USRG United States Rosin Grade
USRC United States Rottweiler Club
SGAD United States Safeguard Army Depot
USSC United States Sanitary Commission
USSMA United States Scale Masters Association, Inc.
USOC United States Science Operations Center
USSMA United States Seagoing Marine Association
USSS United States Secret Service
USSS-SSD United States Secret Service – Special Services Division
USSA United States Security Authority for NATO Affairs
USSAN United States Security Authority, NATO
USS United States Senate
USSC United States Sentencing Commission
USSS United States Sharpshooters
USS United States Ship
USSS United States SIGINT System
USSA United States Ski and Snowboard Association
USSSA United States Ski and Snowboard Association
USSCA United States Ski Coaches Association
USSMA United States Ski Mountaineering Association
USSSA United States Slowpitch Softball Association
USSA United States Snooker Association
USSI United States Snowboard Instructors
USSAAC United States Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication
USSA United States Softball Association
USSOUTHCOM United States Southern Command
USSA United States Space Agency
USSRC United States Space and Rocket Center
USSC United States Space Command
USSPACECOM United States Space Command
AFSPACE United States Space Command Air Force
USSOCCENT United States Special Operations Command Central
USSSA United States Specialty Sports Association
USSJA United States Sport Jujitsu Association
USSA United States Sports Academy
USSS United States Stamp Society
USSSC United States Standards Strategy Committee
USS United States Steel
USSTAFE United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe
STRAF United States Strategic Army Forces
USSBS United States Strategic Bombing Survey
USSTRATCOMM United States Strategic Command
USSTRATCOM United States Strategic Command
USSA United States Student Association
USSTA United States Substitute Teachers Association
USSC United States Sugar Corporation
USSGET United States Support Group East Timor
USSC United States Supreme Court
US United States Supreme Court Decisions
USSA United States Surfing Association
USS United States Survey
USSA United States Surveyors Association
USSSA United States Swim School Association
USS United States Swimming
USTSA United States Table Soccer Association
USTTA United States Table Tennis Association
USTA United States Taekwondo Alliance
USTA United States Taekwondo Association
USTG United States Taekwondo Guild
USTL United States Taekwondo League
USTW United States Taekwondo Won
USTDC United States Taiwan Defense Command
USTC United States Tax Cases
USTP United States Taxpayers Party
USTAG United States Technical Advisory Group
USTS United States Technical Services
USTA United States Telecom Association
USTTI United States Telecommunications Training Institute
USTSA United States Telemark Ski Association
USTA United States Telephone Association
USTSA United States Telephone Suppliers Association
USTA United States Tennis Association
USTABJKNTC United States Tennis Association Billie Jean King National Tennis Center
USTL United States Test Laboratory
USTC United States Testing Company
USTC United States Tobacco Company
USTDA United States Trade and Development Agency
USTR United States Trade Representative
USTA United States Trademark Association
USTR United States Trail Ride
USTS United States Training Ship
USTC United States Transportation Command
USTSA United States Transportation Safety Alliance
USTR United States Transuranium Registry
UST United States Treasury
UST United States Treaty
USTS United States Triathlon Series
USTA United States Trotting Association
USTP United States Trustee Program
USTA United States Tumbling and Trampoline Association
USTA United States Twirling Association
USU United States University
USV United States Vanadium Corporation
USVI United States Vegetation Index
USVI United States Veteran Information
USVA United States Veterans Administration
USVI United States Veterans Initiative
USV United States Video
USVI United States Virgin Islands
USVA United States Volunteer Army
USV United States Volunteers
USWDA United States War Dog Association
USWA United States Warehouse Act of 1916
USWC United States Warranty Corporation
USWA United States Waveski Association
USWRP United States Weather Research Program
USWF United States Weightlifting Federation
USWC United States West Coast
USWC United States West Communications, Inc.
USWA United States Windsurfing Association
USWDA United States Wolf Dog Association
USWPA United States Works Progress Administration
USWF United States World Federation
USWA United States Wrestling Association
USWF United States Wrestling Federation
USWA United States Wristwrestling Association
USCC United States, Canada, Caribbean
USMBCC United States/Mexico Border Counties Coalition
USCFTA United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement
USEF United States-Egypt Friendship Society
USIF United States-India Fund
BSF United States-Israel Bi-National Science Foundation
UJNR United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources
USRCCNE United States-Russia Chamber of Commerce of New England
USRVI United States-Russia Volunteer Initiative
VPUS Vision Problems in the United States
VUSA Visit United States of America – Discounted Airtickets
WCUS Waterborne Commerce of the United States
WOUS Waters of the United States

Geography

The United States is the world’s fourth largest country in terms of area. The landscape is varied. In the east stretches from the Atlantic Ocean towards wooded hills. The Mississippi Missouri River flows through the country and into the Gulf of Mexico. Large plains with agricultural areas characterize the landscape west towards the Rocky Mountains. The areas west of the mountain range are dominated by desert rock formations such as the Grand Canyon. Denali (formerly called Mount McKinley) at 6194 meters is the country’s highest mountain and is located in Alaska. The majority of the United States has temperate climates, but tropical climates predominate in Hawaii and Florida, and polar climates characterize Alaska.

The use of fertilizers and pesticides contaminates groundwater, and in some places consumption must be regulated. The state of California has been drought since 2011. In addition, the United States is among the countries in the world that emit the most CO2. In November 2019, US President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is an agreement that aims to prevent the temperature of the earth from rising more than two degrees. Opting out of the United States makes it much more difficult to achieve this.

History

When Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492, he believed he was in India, and therefore began to call Indigenous people indigenous. The country was colonized by the Europeans in the 16th century. For that reason, the United States has always been, and still is, a very multicultural society made up of people from different parts of the world. In 1776, 13 colonies on the Atlantic coast separated from the United Kingdom, leading to the formation of the United States. In 1861, civil war broke out between the northern and southern states. The southern states surrendered in 1865, which resulted in the abolition of slavery. The Civil War was important for strategy and weapons development, and World War I strengthened the reputation of the United States as a military force. The United States joined the Allies during World War II. After the war, the country became the first permanent member of the UN Security Council.

In the postwar period, the United States became the world’s most powerful nation. The country provided political and financial support to countries that needed to be rebuilt in Western Europe. The goal was to stop the Communist influence of the Soviet Union. Parallel to this, there was also an arms race. This power struggle is called the Cold War. It was expressed in the Korean and Vietnam wars, the Cuba crisis and the nuclear weapons armament.

Society and politics

The United States is a republic of 50 states. The responsibilities of the federal authorities (the president and the government, etc.) include foreign policy, defense, civil rights, customs and postal services, the central bank, and regulation of trade between the states. The state’s responsibility is mainly to pass and enforce the laws. Laws and regulations vary widely between states. The Constitution of 1787 is still in force, but with some additional provisions.

Each of the 50 states also has different judicial systems. The US state apparatus and welfare system is small, which means that services we finance in Norway through the tax system cost money in the US. Examples of this are higher education and hospital visits.

The United States Congress (Parliament) consists of two chambers; Senate and House of Representatives. The president is both the head of government and the military, and can veto bills from Congress. In theory, the United States has a multi-party system, but in practice it is the Democrats and Republicans who dominate. Since the controversial Republican Donald Trump became president in 2017, the political climate has changed. President Trump operates in a different style than previous presidents, and has, among other things, garnered criticism by using Twitter to communicate key political messages, talk condescendingly about women, and harass journalists.

Economics and Commerce

The United States is the world’s leading economic superpower. The free market system has traditionally characterized the country’s economy. It is emphasized that the authorities should facilitate a well-functioning business sector without even interfering too much. Due to variations in location, natural resources, climate, transportation and communication, the United States has a varied business structure with large regional differences. Service-providing industries account for the bulk of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), followed by industry, mining, and construction.

The country is well advanced in research and development. Foreign trade is very important, and in recent years the main focus of trade has moved from Europe to Asia. The US has been a driving force in the establishment of the WTO free trade organization and free trade agreements such as NAFTA.

The financial crisis in 2008 led to an economic downturn. GDP fell, unemployment increased, and the state went into a huge deficit. In the years that followed, economic growth slowed, and not until 2014 did unemployment decline, and consumption increased so that the economy improved noticeably. Nevertheless, the country has a large government debt and a huge budget deficit that affects both the economy and politics.

UN RPGs

The UN Association offers a role-playing game for the 2019-20 school year in which students will try to resolve a conflict within the UN Security Council. The United States is a permanent member of the Security Council, and the sections that follow are information related to this game.

Foreign policy and relations with other countries in the Security Council

The United States is the world’s leading superpower, and is actively working for the country to remain so. The United States has military forces deployed in most parts of the world, trading goods and military equipment with many other countries. No other state has equal military power, much thanks to America’s superior technology and large defense budget. The United States alone spends more money on its military system than the next seven countries in the world combined.

The United States has a leadership role in the West, and in the UN usually cooperates closely with the two European veto powers in the Security Council – the United Kingdom and France. The United Kingdom in particular is a frequent supporter of the United States in various UN security issues.

The relationship between the United States and Russia deteriorated in the years after 2012. as a result of developments in Ukraine and the Crimean Peninsula, and of the American shopper Edward Snowden being granted temporary asylum in Russia after leaking military secrets to the media.

In the Middle East, in recent years, the United States has been particularly critical of Russia’s support for President Assad in the Syrian civil war. The United States has also criticized Russia for supporting Iran in various regional conflicts. In February 2018, Russia was given primary responsibility for blocking a US proposal in the Security Council to condemn Iran for breaking the UN weapons blockade against the Houthi insurgents in Yemen. This Russian veto in the Security Council became one of the reasons why in May 2018 the US withdrew from the nuclear deal with Iran.

The relationship between the United States and China has been criticized in recent decades, but also by great trade and mutual economic dependence. However, this relative peace is now threatened by a growing trade war in which the two countries impose new rounds of penalties on different goods. This negative spiral is of great concern to the world community, which fears economic decline and return to a more protectionist world where the strongest right applies.

The United States is a close ally with Israel and supports this country’s view in most matters pertaining to peace and security in the Middle East. However, the relationship is not always as cordial, and the United States, for example, is currently critical of Israel’s increased commitment to trade with China. This trade includes both the purchase of Chinese high technology and the establishment of agreements that will open the way for the Chinese to operate Israel’s three largest civilian ports (Haifa, Eilat and Ashod). As all these ports are located near important military facilities, the Americans fear that a Chinese presence will pose a future threat of espionage against both Israel and the United States.

Tips

The Obama administration negotiated the nuclear deal with Iran in 2015. When the United States withdrew from the agreement in May 2018, the Trump administration’s arguments were related both to the content of the agreement and to Iran’s foreign policy in general.

Compared to the nuclear deal itself, the US government now believes that the deal is taking too lightly on the need for even more thorough inspections of Iran’s nuclear program. The nuclear documents seized by Israel in Tehran (the Amad archive) reportedly show that Iran has secret military facilities working to develop nuclear warhead technology, and so far unknown to either the world community or the Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). One of these secret facilities – Shahid Boroujerdi -, has never been inspected by the IAEA or other control bodies.

If this facility really exists, as described and documented in the Amad archive, it is, in the United States’ opinion, very poorly consistent with Iran’s assurances to the IAEA that the country currently has only a civilian nuclear program.

The nuclear deal also allows Iran to resume illegal activities at short notice after the various activity restrictions in the agreement expire. For example, the agreement limits Iran’s legal supply of enriched uranium in such a way that it will only take a year to produce enough enriched uranium for a nuclear bomb if Iran withdraws from the agreement. When the restrictions on the possibility of enriching uranium in the deal are removed after 10 years (in 2025), Iran will in theory be able to make enough weapons uranium for a nuclear bomb in a couple of months. This, in Trump’s opinion, is too risky if the goal is really to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons in the long run.

The United States also believes that the nuclear deal to date does not give Iran sufficient incentive to open absolutely all its nuclear facilities for inspections. The atomic agreement sets dates for when former UN sanctions against the country in the military field should cease (sale of conventional weapons, rockets and rocket technology). However, the agreement does not specify that the IAEA must have found absolutely certain evidence that Iran’s nuclear program is civil only, before these sanctions are lifted.

The United States, together with Israel, is also questioning why Iran’s nuclear facilities are so heavily obsessed with military defense facilities, if the facilities are only intended to serve civilian purposes.

In its reason for withdrawing from the nuclear deal, Americans are also critical of Iran’s role in the Middle East in general. They believe Iran is a robbery regime that destabilizes the region by supporting militias such as Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in Gaza and the Yemenis in Yemen. Iran also provides support to various terrorist groups and uses its missile program to spread uncertainty and threats to international shipping in the region. Iran is doing all this by using oil money, which the country has gained more from after the nuclear deal was signed and previous economic sanctions were lifted. The United States believes that the border is now reached, and that it is therefore time to confront Iran in the hard way for the country to change its policy.

The economic sanctions against Iran that the United States has reintroduced and strengthened bring the United States on collision course with the other countries that were involved in the signing of the nuclear agreement in 2015. Particularly tense is the relationship with the European great powers that participated in the agreement – Germany, the United Kingdom and France – all of which have defended the agreement, and also taken the initiative to create the alternative trade mechanism INSTEX, which will help Iran avoid the worst effects of the US sanctions.

The most important point of INSTEX may be the issue of oil trade, which the United States believes must be included in the sanctions to maintain continued high pressure on the Iranian regime. If Iranian oil trade is allowed under INSTEX, US relations with the EU and Europe will deteriorate sharply. Will the US take a chance on this, or will the country be able to get the European countries to their side in the matter? The issue of selling Iranian oil via INSTEX can create increased tension even in relation to Russia and China if these two countries choose to join the scheme.

The United States leads the Joint Naval Force Combined Maritime Forces in the Persian Gulf, which is mandated to prevent crime in this ocean area (such as piracy, drug trafficking and terrorism). The United States has proposed that this force also be mandated to escort civil merchant ships through the Strait of Hormuz, and has invited other countries to join. It is currently uncertain which countries are joining, as the US has marketed the proposal as part of its fierce line of confrontation with Iran. Countries that want negotiations and dialogue with Iran fear that by participating, they may be drawn into a possible military confrontation with Iran against their will.

Should the naval force follow merchant ships through Hormuz, it will enter Iranian territorial waters where the strait is narrowest.

When it comes to the issue of a nuclear-free zone in the Middle East, the United States believes that Iran’s nuclear program is currently a far more important issue to deal with than Israel’s possible disarmament. The United States agrees with Israel that a number of regional conflicts must be resolved before the zone can become a reality, and will therefore not press for a separate UN meeting to be created to form the zone as part of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference in spring 2020.

At the global level, the United States, together with Russia, is the world’s leading nuclear weapons state, and it is believed that the country currently has approx. 6550 nuclear warheads in their arsenal. This is approx. 82 percent fewer nuclear weapons than the United States had when the Cold War was at its worst. The decline in the number of weapons is due to both bilateral agreements concluded with the Soviet Union and later Russia, and a generally better disarmament climate between the two major powers in the years after 1990.

However, it now seems that the United States also believes it is necessary to terminate disarmament agreements and develop new nuclear weapons to meet the threats of the future. This means, among other things, for the United States to develop a new and better missile defense to withstand Russian and Chinese nuclear threats, as well as the development of new medium-range missiles. When the US withdrew from the so-called INF agreement in August 2019, it was partly because they believed that Russia had already broken the agreement and because China with its existing medium-range missiles was not covered by it. In its future weapons programs, the United States also wants to build nuclear weapons with lower explosive power, which could make the weapons relevant to military targets. In many ways, this will lower the threshold for weapons to be actually used in war.

The United States is strongly critical of the Nuclear Prohibition Treaty and believes it stigmatizes countries that still consider the world so unsafe that nuclear deterrence is necessary. The agreement does not contribute to dialogue, and the United States believes that nuclear disarmament can only be achieved if the widest possible agreement on the way forward is sought. The United States hopes that the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference in the spring of 2020 puts aside the controversial proposal for a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East, and furthermore that the conference does not focus on the divisive 2017 Prohibition on Nuclear Weapons.