The bullying corresponds to the practice of acts of physical or psychological violence, intentional, repeated, committed by one or more attackers against a particular victim.
In other words, it means every kind of physical or verbal torture that plagues a large number of victims in Brazil and around the world. The English term “bullying” is derived from the word ” bully” (tyrant, brutal).
Although such aggression has always existed, the term was coined in the 1970s by Swedish psychologist Dan Olweus.
Bullying can occur in any environment where there is interpersonal contact, whether at the club, church, family or school.
Gradually the effective fight against bullying is gaining importance in the media and NGOs engaged in anti-bullying campaigns. This is because this practice has increased considerably in recent years in the country and in the world.
Bullying at School
Bullying in schools is one of the most talked about today
Conflicts between children and adolescents are common because it is a phase of insecurity and self-assertion. But when misunderstandings are frequent and go into humiliation, that’s where bullying proliferates.
In schools, aggression is usually practiced away from the authorities. They usually occur at the entrance or exit of the building, or when teachers are not around.
They can also happen silently, in the classroom, in the presence of the teacher, with gestures, tickets, etc. Physical assaults are more difficult to conceal and often lead the family to transfer the victim to another school.
The offender generally has a perverse and sometimes unhealthy mind. He is aware of his actions and aware that his victims do not like their attitudes, but assaults as a way of standing out among his group. Thus aggressors think they will be more popular and feel the power with these acts.
Offenders are looking for victims who usually dislike the majority for some peculiarity. Preferred targets are:
- the novice students;
- the extremely shy ones;
- those with physical traits that deviate from the norm;
- those who have an excellent report card, which serves to stir up the envy and revenge of the less studious.
Consequences of Bullying
The Consequences of Bullying Have Several Typical Signs in Their Victims
Generally, victims of bullying are ashamed and afraid to tell their family about the aggressions they are suffering and therefore remain silent.
Victims of physical or verbal aggression are marked and this wound can be perpetuated for life. In some cases, psychological help is fundamental to alleviate the difficult coexistence with such painful memories.
Here, therefore, it is up to parents and family members to notice the symptoms of children and / or adolescents. Therefore, if you notice any difference in behavior, it is important to contact the school heads and still have a frank conversation with the person who was beaten.
Actions like this can prevent future embarrassment, or even tragedies, such as the victim’s suicide.
Some typical signs are observed in bullying students, including:
- refusal to go to school;
- tendency to isolation;
- lack of appetite;
- insomnia and headache;
- drop in school performance;
- fever and tremor.
Cyberbullying is a type of bullying that has increased with the expansion of information technology.
- Cyberbullying: when bullying occurs through information technology, whether it is the Internet (social networks, emails, etc.) and / or cell phones (text messages).
- Verbal: When bullying happens through profanity, nicknames, and insults.
- Moral: Associated with verbal bullying, it occurs through rumors, defamation and slander.
- Physical: When bullying involves physical aggression, whether pushing, hitting, kicking, etc.
- Psychological: When bullying involves aspects that affect the psychological, for example, blackmail, manipulation, exclusion, stalking, etc.
- Material: When bullying is defined by actions involving theft, theft and destruction of objects belonging to someone.
- Sexual: In this case, bullying is committed through sexual abuse and harassment.
Legislation in Brazil
Until recently, when bullying cases were brought to justice, they were framed in offenses under the Penal Code such as injury, defamation and personal injury.
However, on November 6, 2015, Law 13.185 called “Program to Combat Systematic Bullying” was sanctioned . According to this document:
” Systematic intimidation (bullying) means any act of intentional and repetitive physical or psychological violence that occurs without obvious motivation, by an individual or group, against one or more persons, with the aim of intimidating or assaulting it, causing pain and anguish to the victim in a power imbalance relationship between the parties involved . “
However, according to current statistics, about 80% of Brazilian schools still do not punish the aggressors.
Given the importance of addressing the issue, “World Bullying Day” is celebrated around the world on October 20. In Brazil, in 2016 was instituted by Law No. 13,277, the “National Day to Combat Bullying and Violence at School”, celebrated on April 7.
The choice of date refers to the episode that took place on April 7, 2011 in the Realengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro.
In the morning, Wellington Menezes de Oliveira (23) broke into the Tasso da Silveira Municipal School by shooting at the students.
The result of the “Realengo Massacre”, as the attack became known, was the death of 12 students and the gunman himself, who committed suicide. Many Wellington acquaintances and family members claimed that he suffered from bullying.
Movie Cover “A Cry for Help”
” A Cry for Help ” (2013) is a Dutch film that addresses the bullying suffered by a student at school. Directed by Dave Schram, the story is based on the book by writer Carry Slee.