The Christianity is based on faith in Jesus Christ and arises in the first century in Palestine.
There are several strands of Christianity such as Catholicism, Protestantism, and more recently, Pentecostalism.
To Christians, Jesus Christ was the son of God, who became a man and came into the world to preach love to God and to others. However, he was persecuted and killed by the Romans, who did not accept his ideals.
Jesus appeared as a new leader calling himself the savior of the world and was thus a threat to the Roman Empire that considered him a blasphemer.
After his death, the 12 apostles – followers who had been given the mission to spread the ideas of Jesus, advanced the world with a commitment to fulfill their task.
Being recognized, the propagated ideas gained followers. Christianity is born, whose name comes from the word Christ, which means consecrated person.
In Rome was martyred Peter, the disciple to whom Jesus bequeathed the task of caring for his Church. There were also several councils held. In this way, the city stood out over the years until it became the headquarters of the Catholic Church.
Belief in Jesus gained more adherents. His doctrine spread throughout the Roman Empire. As Christians refused to worship the Roman gods, they began to be persecuted.
Thus, Christians gathered in hiding in catacombs to pray, until around 313, the Edict of Milan prohibited persecution of Christians. From then on, Christianity grew into the official religion of Rome in 392.
While some differences of interpretation can be found in Christian belief, most religions that follow Jesus Christ believe:
- The Bible is the holy book and is divided into two parts: Old and New Testament. The Old Testament reports events before the birth of Jesus, while the New Testament deals with facts from the birth of Jesus.
- There are three persons (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) who form one God. It is the Holy Trinity.
- After death people have eternal life, and go to specific places through their earthly behavior.
- The return of Christ will mark the end times and a new era in the world.
The main Christian celebrations are:
- the Christmas, on December 25, when we celebrate the birth of Jesus;
- the Passover, commemorating the Resurrection of Jesus, what would have happened three days after the death of Jesus on Good Friday;
- Pentecost, whose word means 50 days after Easter, is remembered of the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the faithful.
Of course, each branch of Christianity celebrates these dates in a specific way.
Despite the differences, Christianity has symbols common to almost all churches. The main ones are:
Islam and Judaism
During Prehistory and Antiquity, people practiced animistic and polytheistic religions.
However, the Bible reports that God would have revealed to Abraham the existence of one God, thus beginning monotheism. This would be practiced from the Middle East and would spread throughout Europe.
Christianity, like Islam and Judaism, is an Abrahamic religion since it originates in Abraham. Its emergence, in chronological order, is first Judaism, then Christianity, and finally Islam.
Over the centuries, Christian doctrine has penetrated various societies and cultures that had their own view of certain theological and disciplinary matters.
To resolve them, a council is convened with the bishops of the church who must come to a conclusion on the controversial topic.
In a dispute known as the Eastern Schism in 1054, the Roman Apostolic Catholic Church and the Orthodox Apostolic Catholic Church are formed .
Years later, the Catholic church is again divided with the Protestant Reformation, initiated by Martin Luther.
Thus there are several ramifications that make up the Christian religion.
In Brazil and in the World
Christianity arrived in Brazil taken by the Franciscan religious and, later, Jesuit priests at the time of colonization. With the arrival of the priests, the Indians began to be catechized.
Today, Christianity is the religion with the largest number of believers in the world.