The prejudice is a value judgment created without objective reason and that is manifested through intolerance.
Usually it involves rejection of the social condition, nationality, sexual orientation, ethnicity, manner of speaking or dressing of an individual or social group.
Prejudice arises through the harmful judgment that is made about the differences between people. This type of attitude is very harmful to society, as it generates misunderstandings, intrigue, hatred, etc.
Definition of Prejudice
Prejudice is a pre-judgment – literally, “pre-concept” – a conception that already exists without any scientific basis for such an opinion.
In other words, prejudice is created from beliefs and superstitions that sometimes support hatred or repudiation of a particular group.
The most prejudiced individuals grew up in contexts where prejudice was manifested by discriminatory attitudes. Thus, they carry certain ideologies generated by an irrational basis.
Prejudice and Discrimination
Through posters have been alerted to the Brazilian population about the evils of discrimination
Since prejudice is a kind of “value judgment” conceived without much foundation, discrimination is the way it is manifested.
The concept of stereotype is related to these discriminatory attitudes. This is a definite image that is attributed to people or some groups.
The stereotype is a generalization that can be dangerous because it does not address the particularities of the social group.
Prejudice in Brazil
Prejudice in Brazil has been a hotly debated topic, given the increasing violence in the country to certain social segments in recent decades.
Although controversial to many, it must be placed on the central agenda of the issues debated by society.
It is known that social inequality in Brazil is huge. This problem has generated several types of prejudice involving color, gender and income. Unfortunately, it is common to see discriminatory acts in the country, resulting in various hate crimes and aversion.
This lack of tolerance for others has grown exponentially in the national territory and, therefore, it is necessary to punish the prejudiced so that these attitudes are eradicated.
According to Law No. 7716 (1989):
Article 1. In accordance with this Law, crimes resulting from discrimination or prejudice of race, color, ethnicity, religion or national origin shall be punished.
The penalty for those who commit acts associated with prejudice is imprisonment of 2 to 5 years.
One of the alternatives to further diminish this intolerant posture is through education. In recent decades, the Brazilian education system has presented educational proposals, such as the “Transversal Themes”.
The cross-cutting theme of “cultural plurality and sexual orientation” is based on a global, tolerant and democratic society. From this perspective, differences are seen as a cultural richness and not as a social problem.
Equally, with the inclusion of African history in the national curriculum, new generations are expected to value culture and Afro-descendants.
Another affirmative action is the university quotas that allow the access of blacks and Indians through vacancies specially destined for this collective. With this, we seek to create capable citizens to represent these minorities and give more visibility to these individuals.
It is now common to talk about the various types of prejudice. The most common are:
- Social prejudice
- Racial prejudice
- Linguistic Prejudice
- Religious Prejudice
- Sexual Prejudice
- Cultural Prejudice