Taiwan Abbreviations

TW is the abbreviation for Taiwan. Taiwan is a territory located in Southeastern Asia. Although the official name of Taiwan is the Republic of China, it is not a member of the United Nations. Rather, it is widely recognized as a province of China – People’s Republic of China. Below please see the most basic profile of Taiwan. The capital city of Taiwan is Taipei. Other major cities include Kaohsiung City (population: 1,519,722), Taichung (population: 1,040,725), Tainan City (population: 771,235), Banciao (population: 543,342), Hsinchu (population: 404,109), Taoyuan City (population: 402,014), Keelung (population: 397,515), Hualien City (population: 350,468), and Yuanlin (population: 124,725).

TW: Republic of China

Country Profile

  • Capital: Taipei
  • Language: Taiwanese
  • Area: 35,980 km2
  • Population: 23,577,271
  • Currency: New Taiwan dollar (TWD)
  • Time zone: UTC+8
  • Calling code: 886
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: TW
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: TWE
  • Internet TLD: .tw
  • State Government Website: taiwan.gov.tw

Map of Taiwan and National Flag

List of Taiwan Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Taiwan are TW which stands for Taiwan and TWD which means new Taiwan dollar (Taiwan currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Taiwan, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

Abbreviation Meaning
ATA Alliance of Taiwan Aborigines
ABT American Born Taiwanese
AIT American Institute in Taiwan
ARTT Animal Rescue Team Taiwan
AFIT Asia Foundation in Taiwan
ASTCC Asia Taiwanese Chamber of Commerce
ARATS Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits
AGST Association of Graduate Students from Taiwan
BQT Barriers Questionnaire-Taiwan
BITSA Boston Intercollegiate Taiwanese Students Association
BATS Broadband Array in Taiwan for Seismology
CI China Airlines – Taiwan
CAL China Airlines, Taiwan
CTSA Columbia Taiwanese Student Association
CGOTS Conference Group on Taiwan Studies
CTAS Cornell Taiwanese American Society
CTSA Cornell Taiwanese Student Association
CANDLE Corpora and NLP for Digital Learning of English (project; Taiwan)
EETT Electronic Engineering Times – Taiwan
FPAT Financial Planning Association of Taiwan
GPT Green Party, Taiwan
HUN Hualien, Taiwan – Hualien
IEET Institute of Engineering Education Taiwan
ITASA Intercollegiate Taiwanese American Students Association
IMPACT International Microsystems, Package, Assembly Conference Taiwan
JKT Japan, Korea, Taiwan
KHH Kaohsiung, Taiwan
LGTA Leading Group on Taiwan Affairs
MIT Made In Taiwan
NSCT National Science Council of Taiwan
NSC National Science Council of Taiwan
NTNU National Taiwan Normal University
NTOU National Taiwan Ocean University
NTSO National Taiwan Symphony Orchestra
NTU National Taiwan University
NTUAA National Taiwan University Alumni Association
NTUH National Taiwan University Hospital
NTUA National Taiwan University of Arts
NTUST National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
NTACT National Tax Administration of Central Taiwan
NT New Taiwan
NTD New Taiwan Dollar
NATSC North America Taiwan Study Conference
NATEA North American Taiwanese Engineers’ Association
RMSTS Risk Management Society of Taiwan
RMST Risk Management Society of Taiwan
SOTA Society of Taiwanese Americans
SATU Southeast Asia and Taiwan Universities
STSP Southern Taiwan Science Park
SCT STATS ChipPAC Taiwan Semiconductor Corporation
SOT Straits of Taiwan
TNNS Tainan, Taiwan
TNN Tainan, Taiwan
TSA Taipei, Taiwan – Sung Shan
TPE Taipei, Taiwan – Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport
TWN Taiwan
TAF Taiwan Accreditation Foundation
TAOBM Taiwan Affairs Office of Beijing Municipality
TAEDP Taiwan Alliance to End the Death Penalty
TACC Taiwan Analysis Center
TAA Taiwan Architects Association
TAOG Taiwan Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology
TADC Taiwan Auto-Design Company
TBEA Taiwan Bicycle Exporters Association
TBSF Taiwan Blood Service Foundation
TBS Taiwan Broadcasting System
TBTC Taiwan Building Technology Center
TCDC Taiwan Centers for Disease Control
TCTU Taiwan Confederation of Trade Unions
TCMI Taiwan Controls and Machinery Industrial Co.
TDPMD Taiwan Daniel Pearl Music Day
TDCC Taiwan Depository and Clearing Corporation
TWD Taiwan Dollar
TERN Taiwan Ecological Research Network
TEJ Taiwan Economic Journal
TEPA Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration
TEPU Taiwan Environmental Protection Union
TFAC Taiwan Falcon Aerospace Corporation
TFN Taiwan Fixed Network
TFEA Taiwan Floriculture Exports Association
TFPA Taiwan Fluid Power Association
TFCF Taiwan Fund for Children and Families
TGC Taiwan Garrison Command
TGLA Taiwan Gay and Lesbian Association
TGB Taiwan Golden Bee Co Ltd
TGQ Taiwan Golden Quality
TGAP Taiwan Good Agriculture Practice
TGDA Taiwan Guide Dog Association
THRF Taiwan Healthcare Reform Foundation
THTC Taiwan Hospitality and Tourism College
TIVS Taiwan Immunization Vision and Strategy
TIGER Taiwan Innovating Growth Entrepreneurs
TIER Taiwan Institute of Economic Research
TIPO Taiwan Intellectual Property Office
TIBA Taiwan International Birding Association
TIDF Taiwan International Documentary Festival
TIDF Taiwan International Documentary Film Festival
TIEFF Taiwan International Ethnographic Film Festival
TIOS Taiwan International Orchid Show
TWIX Taiwan Internet Exchange
TJA Taiwan Journal of Anthropology
TLF Taiwan Labor Front
TLRA Taiwan Leprosy Relief Association
TLS Taiwan Light Source
TMA Taiwan Maintenance Agency
TMIC Taiwan Meetings Information Center
TMAS Taiwan Merchant Association Shenzhen
TMDC Taiwan Micro Display Corporation
TWM Taiwan Mobile Co. Ltd.
TNCU Taiwan National Central University
TNHCA Taiwan Nongovernmental Hospitals and Clinics Association
TOPA Taiwan Organic Production Association
TPOG Taiwan Pediatric Oncology Group
TPS Taiwan Photon Source
TPC Taiwan Power Company
TRAINING Taiwan Railway Administration
TRANSFER Taiwan Railway Administration
TRA Taiwan Railway Administration
TRANSFER Taiwan Relations Act
TRAINING Taiwan Relations Act
TRA Taiwan Relations Act
TRR Taiwan Research Reactor
TRMPC Taiwan Root Medical Peace Corps
TRIA Taiwan Rubber Industries Association
TSEA Taiwan Security Enhancement Act
TSR Taiwan Security Research
TSC Taiwan Semiconductor Co., Ltd.
TSM Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing
TSM Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
TSMC Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd
TSMC Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation
TSU Taiwan Solidarity Union
TAIEX Taiwan Stock Exchange
TSE Taiwan Stock Exchange
TSEC Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation
TSMIP Taiwan Strong Motion Instrumentation Program
TSRI Taiwan Sugar Research Institute
TSAR Taiwan Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance
TSRC Taiwan Synthetic Rubber Corporation
TTES Taiwan Tea Experiment Station
TTF Taiwan Textile Federation
TTRI Taiwan Textile Research Institute
TTNN Taiwan Today News Network
TTHA Taiwan Tongzhi Hotline Association
TTSC Taiwan Transport and Storage Company Limited
TTGS Taiwan Transportation Equipment Guide
TTG Taiwan Transportation Equipment Guide
TVCA Taiwan Venture Capital Association
TVMA Taiwan Veterinary Medical Association
TVM Taiwan Video and Monitor Corporation
TWSC Taiwan Water Supply Corporation
TWYVA Taiwan World Youth Volunteer Association
TYP Taiwan Yellow Pages
TYPICAL Taiwan Yellow Pages
TYDA Taiwan Youth for Democracy in Asia
TAI Taiwanese
TACC Taiwanese American Christian Church
TACL Taiwanese American Citizen League
TAF Taiwanese American Foundation
TAHW Taiwanese American Heritage Week
TAO Taiwanese American Organization
TAS Taiwanese American Society
TASA Taiwanese American Student Association
TASA Taiwanese American Students Association
TAU Taiwanese American Union
TAYL Taiwanese American Youth Leadership
TAAI Taiwanese Association for Artificial Intelligence
TAA Taiwanese Association of America
TAANJ Taiwanese Association of America New Jersey
TAST Taiwanese Association of Students at Tufts
TCCS Taiwanese Canadian Cultural Society
TCTCU Taiwanese Canadian Toronto Credit Union, Ltd.
TDQ Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire
TEAMA Taiwanese Electric Appliance Manufacturer’s Association
TGB Taiwanese Government Bonds
TNPC Taiwanese New PC Consortium
TPSA Taiwanese Political Science Association
TPC Taiwanese Presbyterian Church
TSA Taiwanese Student Association
TUCT Taiwanese United Church in Toronto
TW Taiwanese Women
TAAI Taiwanese-American Association of Indianapolis
TTBA Thai-Taiwan Business Association
TIT Travel in Taiwan
TCTMDR Tzu Chi Taiwan Marrow Donor Registry
USTDC United States Taiwan Defense Command
WSTO Washington State Taiwan Office
WBFT Wild Bird Federation Taiwan
WFTA World Federation of Taiwanese Associations

Geography

Taiwan consists of one large and several small islands just east of China. More than half of Taiwan is covered by dense forest. Most of the forest grows in the sparsely populated mountain areas east of the island. To the west lie fertile plains, where much farming is practiced. More than 90 percent of the population lives on the west coast, where most of the natural ports are located. Taiwan is in the middle of two climate zones, and there are major differences between the north and south. In the far north there is a temperate climate, with mild winters and hot summers, while in the south there are tropical climates, with high temperatures throughout the year.

The country has long struggled with acid rainfall due to air pollution. This is due to both emissions from own industry and emissions from China. The acid rainfall, and the storage of toxic and radioactive waste, have destroyed several agricultural areas. Another major problem is contaminated water.

History

The oldest finds of humans on the island are over 15,000 old. The indigenous people were gradually pushed away by the Chinese who moved out, especially since the Middle Ages. The island first became part of China in the late 1600s. Taiwan remained a Chinese province for more than 200 years. After a war between Japan and China, Japan took over control of the island in 1895. Under Japanese rule, Taiwan was modernized, receiving electricity, proper roads and industry. After World War II, Japan was forced to return Taiwan to China. The acquisition took place at the same time as a civil war was going onbetween communists and nationalists in China. This civil war became crucial for Taiwan: In 1949, the Chinese nationalist party Kuomintang fled to the island. They proclaimed themselves to the rightful government of China, under the name “Republic of China”.

Between 1949-1971, the Republic of China was internationally recognized as China’s real government. In 1971, however, the People’s Republic of China took their place in the UN and the UN Security Council. The government of Taiwan was no longer recognized as a representative of China’s people. Taiwan remained a one-party state under Kuomintang’s control until 2000, but in the 1980s a democratization process began, and opposition parties were allowed. At the same time, society was to be “Taiwanese”. The refugee Chinese from the mainland had dominated politics, but now a Taiwanese identity was to be created. The Taiwanese dialect became official language, and for the first time Taiwanese could have prominent positions in the state.

Society and politics

Although in practice Taiwan has been independent since 1949, it is not recognized as an independent state. Taiwan still uses the 1947 Constitution, which was written for all of China. The country is a republic. The president is the head of state and he/she appoints the prime minister. In addition, there are five “yuan”, which means council or assembly: Parliament is the legislative yuan, and the government is the executive yuan; There is a legal yuan that acts as a court, a control yuan that examines the work of the state and an investigative yuan that tests the appointments of officials.

The most important political issue in the country is still the relationship with China. Historically, Taiwan has been ruled by Koumintang, but since 2000, power has switched between Kuomintang – which mainly consists of mainland Chinese, and is more reunification-friendly – and the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) – which mostly consists of native Taiwanese, who want greater independence.

Relations with China have gradually improved over the past decades, and countries have signed trade agreements, opened up direct contact between governments and allowed travel between countries. After the DPP took power in 2016, the relationship again became cooler. China has broken official contacts and once again began to block Taiwan’s participation in international organizations.

Economics and Commerce

Taiwan experienced tremendous economic development in the post-World War II era and is today among the richest countries in Asia. Over 50 years, gross domestic product (GDP) more than tripled. Economic growth came because the government focused on producing some textiles and food that Taiwan could offer cheaper on the world market than any other. Economic growth has been lower in recent years. Since the Taiwanese economy is dependent on exports, it was hit hard by the 2008 financial crisis and the 2010 euro crisis.

The country’s geographical location has made it an ideal trading partner for countries such as Japan and the United States, and in 2010, Taiwan signed an important trade agreement with China.

Taiwan has been able to keep up with developments in world trade. Agriculture was replaced by the textile industry in the post-war period. The country switched to heavier industry in the 1970s, such as iron and steel mills, and computer technology in the 1990s. After controlling the economy quite a bit, the government has in recent years entrusted more and more to the market forces, and today Taiwan produces an incredible variety of high-tech goods for export, from cars and toys to laptops and shoes.