An acronym is a term made up of each of the first letters of a multi-word phrase. The word acronym as such comes from the late Latin initials, meaning "numbers" or "abbreviations".
It is also available by the acronym a. known each of the letters that make up the acronym in question. For example, OEA is the acronym for Organization of American States, as are the letters or, and yes to.
Acronyms refer to organisms, institutions, companies, associations, objects, devices, technologies, systems, methods, etc. in abbreviated form, whose names are made up of several terms.
When forming acronyms, not all words are taken into account, only the nouns, verbs and adjectives, while articles, determiners, prepositions and conjunctions are not taken into account. For example: The United Nations organization leads to UN.
Acronyms should never be accented, either if one of the required letters was originally accented, or if current spelling conventions would suggest it. For example: NATO, from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or CPI, from the Consumer Price Index.
Acronyms abbreviating two plural words must be written with double initials: USA, from the United States, or HR, from Human Resources.
The acronyms must generally be capitalized (OEA, VAT, FIFA) except in cases where they are considered a common name because of their use in dictionaries, as in the case of UFO, or object v smell no or i dentified , uci, de or nity of c uid i intensive.
The acronyms should not be separated by periods or spaces. For example: ICU, ICU, US, US.
Acronyms do not have a graphic plural. To denote a plural, it must be accompanied by the acronym of an article, demonstrative, or adjective. For example: " the NGO...", "this NGO...", " some important NGO..." It is wrong to indicate the plural in writing by using a. add -s at the end: NGOs, NGOs.
Acronyms take the gender of the noun of the phrase. For example in the UN of United Nations Organization the main term is “organization” which is feminine then we will talk about that talk the UN.
Acronyms can also be formed by combining numbers and letters. For example: G8, Group of Eight or 9/11, 9/11.
Acronyms can be pronounced through spelling or syllable pronunciation:
The spelling refers to the acronym by articulating the name of each of the letters that make it up, like NGOs, which are pronounced "o-ene-ge".
In syllabic pronunciation, the acronym is read as a word, but the composition of the acronym must allow for its pronunciation, for example NATO can be pronounced "nato".
It happens that when an acronym occurs so frequently that it can be considered fully integrated into the vocabulary of the language, it becomes a common word and is consequently subject to the current spelling rules of the language, which adopts the conventions for the formation of plurals (UFOs), for their accentuation (laser, plane) and can be written in lowercase, unless it is a proper noun, in which case the initial remains in uppercase as long as it is formed by more of four letters. For example: Unesco, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.