Colombia Abbreviations

CO is the abbreviation for Colombia, the 25th largest country in the world. Officially the Republic of Colombia, Colombia is a country located in South America, bordering 5 countries – Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Bogotá is the capital city of Colombia. Major cities include Bogotá (population: 7,674,355), Santiago de Cali (population: 2,392,866), Medellín (population: 1,999,968), Barranquilla (population: 1,380,414), Cartagena (population: 952,013), Cúcuta (population: 721,387), Bucaramanga (population: 571,809), Pereira (population: 440,107), Santa Marta (population: 431,770), and Ibagué (population: 421,674).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Bogotá
  • Language: Spanish, English
  • Area: 1,141,748 km2
  • Population: 48,258,483
  • Currency: Peso (COP)
  • Time zone: UTC−5
  • Calling code: 57
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: CO
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: COL
  • Internet TLD: .co
  • State Government Website: http://investincolombia.com.co

Map of Colombia

List of Colombia Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Colombia are CO which stands for Colombia and COP which means Peso (Colombia currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Colombia, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

CO: Colombia

Abbreviation Meaning
ACES Aerolineas Centrales de Colombia
AES Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia
AVIANCA Aerovias Nacionales de Colombia SA
AUC Arauca, Colombia
ARCHIVE Armada República de Colombia
ARC Armada República de Colombia
ACFA Asociacion Colombiana de Falcultades de Arquitectura
ACMA Asociacion Colombiana de Mecanicos de Aviacion
ACDN Asociacion Colombiana De Neurologia
ACSC Asociacion Colombiana de Sociedades Cientificas
ADC Asociación de Damas Colombianas
AUC Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia
ACCOUNTING Automovil Club de Colombia
ACCESSORY Automovil Club de Colombia
ACC Automovil Club de Colombia
AVIANCA Aviación Nacional de Colombia
AVA Avianca – Aerovias Nacionales de Colombia
AV Avianca Colombian Airline
BAQ Barranquilla, Colombia – E Cortissoz
BOG Bogota, Colombia – Eldorado
BVC Bolsa de Valores de Colombia
BGA Bucaramanga, Colombia – Palo Negro
CARACOL Cadena Radial Colombiana
CLO Cali, Colombia – Alfonso Bonilla Aragon
CCI Cámara Colombiana de la Infraestructura
CCDC Camara de Compensacion de Divisas de Colombia SA
CRCC Camara de Riesgo Central de Contraparte de Colombia SA
CCCM Campana Colombiana Contra Las Minas
CTG Cartagena, Colombia – Rafael Nunez
COVIC Children Orphaned by the Violence in Colombia
COLLEGE Colombia
COLLECTED Colombia
COL Colombia
CO Colombia
CHRC Colombia Human Rights Committee
COT Colombia Time
CIVETS Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa
COLAF Colombian Air Force
CASA Colombian American Service Association, Inc.
CCCC Colombian Canadian Chamber of Commerce
CCF Colombian Coffee Federation
CCOV Colombian Community of Victoria
CMDA Colombian Military Defense Area
COP Colombian Peso
CPHF Colombian Pulmonary Hypertension Foundation
CRB Colombian Rainbow Boa
CEPAC Corporación Centro de Pastoral Afrocolombiana
CUC Cucuta, Colombia – Camilo Daza
CED Desarrollo Empresarial Colombiano
ECOPETROL Empresa Colombiana de Petroleos
ECP Empresa Colombiana de Petróleos
FEDEGAN Federación Colombiana de Ganaderos
FOC Friends of Colombia
FACILITY Fuerza Aerea Colombiana
FAC Fuerza Aerea Colombiana
FARC Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia
FCHP Fundación Colombiana de Hipertensión Pulmonar
FCCN Fundacion Cultural Colombia Negra
GOC Government of Colombia
IGBC Índice General de la Bolsa de Colombia
ICA Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario
ICBF Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar
IAC Instituto Colombiano de Codificacion y Automatizacion Comercial
ICDP Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal
IPI Ipiales, Colombia – San Luis
LET Leticia, Colombia – Gen Av Cobo
LAC Liga Antituberculosos Colombiana
LCV Liga Colombiana de Videojuegos
MZL Manizales, Colombia – Santaguida
EOH Medellin, Colombia – Enrique Olaya Herrara
MDE Medellin, Colombia – La Playas
MAEC Movimiento Alas Equipo Colombia
MICROWAVE Movimiento Indigena Colombiano
MIC Movimiento Indigena Colombiano
OCM Olimpiadas Colombianas de Matematicas
PCC Partido Comunista Colombiano
PSO Pasto, Colombia – Cano
PEI Pereira, Colombia – Matecana
PCNC Proceso de Comunidades Negras en Colombia
PCN Proceso de Comunidades Negras En Colombia
PASC Project Accompaniment and Solidarity with Colombia
UIB Quibdo, Colombia
RSNC Red Sismologica Nacional de Colombia
RCC Revista Colombiana de Computacion
RCH Riohacha, Colombia
ADZ San Andres Island, Colombia
SCA Sociedad Colombiana de Arquitectos
SCHO Sociedad Colombiana de Hematología y Oncología
SCM Sociedad Colombiana de Matemáticas
SCU Sociedad Colombiana de Urologia
SLEC Software de Libre Redistribución y Educación en Colombia
UPC Universidad Piloto de Colombia
USOC US Office on Colombia
VUP Valledupar, Colombia
XCT Xbox Colombian Team

Geography

Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America, and is largely characterized by mountainous areas in the east, and the Amazon rainforest in the west. At the border with Ecuador, the Andes are divided into three mountain ranges. Two of them are heading north toward the Caribbean, while the third is heading northeast. There are many mountain peaks of more than 5000 meters. Between the mountain ranges the rivers Magdalena and Cauca flow, and this is also the most populous area. The capital Bogotá lies on a plateau in one of the eastern mountain ranges. The temperature is constant throughout the year. It is cold in the mountains and there is always snow on the highest peaks.

Climate change is also affecting Colombia, and some glaciers have begun to melt. The country lies between two continental plates, which means that there are often earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. About half of Colombia is covered by forests, and deforestation leads to the extinction of many animal and plant species. Due to over-use of pesticides, soil and water quality is poor.

History

Archaeological finds show that Colombia was inhabited by Indians as early as 13,000 years ago. They early advanced agriculture using artificial irrigation, and they were early in developing complex political systems. In 1499, Spanish conquerors came to Colombia, and the country’s first city, Santa Marta, was founded in 1525. Colombia was Spain’s largest source of gold, and Cartagena quickly became one of the most important ports of the Spanish empire. Because Spanish-born and American-born had different rights, the political tensions in society and opposition to Spain increased, and with the help of freedom hero Simón Bolívar independence was achieved in 1819.

The 20th century was characterized by violent conflicts between the Conservatives and the Liberals. It was not until the military coup in 1953 that they began to cooperate, and from 1957 they shared power over the next 20 years. In this political cooperation, the left side was banned, which led to the emergence of paramilitary and violent guerrilla movements, especially in the cities.

Over 50 years of armed conflict between guerrilla groups, the army, right-wing paramilitary groups and drug leagues have largely characterized Colombia’s modern history.

Society and politics

Colombia is a republic where the president has the executive power, while Congress has legislative power. The Constitution states that the human rights of the inhabitants must be protected, but during the civil war, serious abuse has been committed by all parties to the conflict.

Since the late 1990s, liberals have largely had political power. The country was given a new constitution in 1991, which led to several smaller parties being eligible for election in Congress. In 2010, negotiations began between the president and the FARC guerrilla, and in September 2016, the parties signed a peace agreement to stop the world’s longest ongoing armed conflict. Norwegian diplomats played a central role in the development of the peace agreement. President Juan Manuel Santos received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2016 for his work on the peace agreement. The country is still characterized by war, but the population hopes for peace after the signing of the peace agreement.

A 2011 state investigation reported that nearly 220,000 people have been killed in the conflict since 1959, of which approximately 80 percent unarmed civilians. Colombia is the country in the world with the most internal refugees after Syria.

Economics and Commerce

Colombia has had good economic development in recent years, as a result of the political liberalization of the 1990s. In the 2000s, the authorities focused on increased security in the cities, which led to an increase in foreign investment. Traditionally, the economy has been based on agriculture, as well as large revenues from coffee and banana exports.

Today, oil is Colombia’s most important legal export commodity. The country also exports large quantities of illegal cocaine. Drug exports present challenges for the police, as large and violent drug cartels have been established with great force. The cartels launder money, and the value of this is more than five per cent of the gross domestic product in the country.

In recent years, relations with neighboring countries in South America have deteriorated because ties with the United States have become closer. Colombia has free trade agreements with the US, the EU and China. Whether the country’s economy will continue to grow is closely linked to whether it is able to make peace.

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