Egypt Abbreviations

EG is the abbreviation for Egypt, the 29th largest country in the world. Officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt is a country located in northeast Africa, bordering 3 countries – Israel, Libya, and Sudan. Cairo is the capital city of Egypt. Top 10 biggest cities are Cairo (population: 7,734,603), Alexandria (population: 3,811,505), Giza (population: 2,443,192), Port Said (population: 538,367), Suez (population: 488,114), Al Maḩallah al Kubrá (population: 431,041), Luxor (population: 422,396), Assiut (population: 420,574), Al Mansurah (population: 420,184), and Tanta (population: 404,890).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Cairo
  • Language: Arabic
  • Area: 1,010,408 km2
  • Population: 94,798,816
  • Currency: Egyptian pound (E£) (EGP)
  • Time zone: UTC+2
  • Calling code: 20
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: EG
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: EGY
  • Internet TLD: .eg
  • State Government Website: http://egypt.travel

Map of Egypt

List of Egypt Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Egypt are EG which stands for Egypt and EGP which means Egyptian pound (Egypt currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Egypt, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

EG: Egypt

Abbreviation Meaning
ABS Abu Simbel, Egypt – Abu Simbel
AUGE Adobe User Group in Egypt
HBE Alexandria – Alexandria, Egypt
ALYS Alexandria, Egypt – Alexandria
AECF American Egyptian Cooperation Foundation
ARCE American Research Center in Egypt
AEL Ancient Egyptian Language
AEL Ancient Egyptian Lives
AEB Annual Egyptological Bibliography
ARE Arab Republic of Egypt
ASEG Archaeological Survey of Egypt
AEG Association Egyptologique de Gironde
AMCOE Association of Maltese Communities of Egypt
ASW Aswan, Egypt – Daraw
ATCE Automobile and Touring Club of Egypt
BFE Beyond Freaking Egypt
BPE Blue Pyramid Egyptians
BEIE British Engineering Institutions-Egypt
BSAE British School of Archaeology in Egypt
BUE British University In Egypt
BFE Bum Freak Egypt
CAI Cairo, Egypt – International
CEBC Canada Egypt Business Council
CBE Central Bank of Egypt
CCER Centre for Computer-Aided Egyptological Research
CEWC Centre for Egyptian Women’s Cases
CIVETS Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa
CEEBA Confederation of Egyptian European Business Associations
CGME Consultative Group Meeting for Egypt
EGYPT Egypt
EME Egypt and Middle East Co.
EEF Egypt Exploration Fund
EIP Egypt Information Portal
ESC Egypt Study Circle
EWS Egypt Web Solutions
MSR Egyptair
EAS Egyptian Accounting Standards
EAGA Egyptian Agribusiness Association
EAF Egyptian Air Force
EAB Egyptian American Bank
EAPS Egyptian American Professional Society, Inc.
EAF Egyptian Armed Forces
EBD Egyptian Book of the Dead
EBA Egyptian Businessmen’s Association
ECMA Egyptian Capital Market Association
ECES Egyptian Center for Economic Studies
ECWR Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights
ECOA Egyptian Center of Organic Agriculture
ECHR Egyptian Centre for Housing Rights
ECAA Egyptian Civil Aviation Authority
ECS Egyptian Commercial Service
ECMS Egyptian Company for Mobile Services
ECMR Egyptian Company for Mortgage Refinancing
ECFA Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs
ECEB Egyptian Cultural and Educational Bureau
ECHO Egyptian Cultural Heritage Organization
EDSN Egyptian Democracy Support Network
EDA Egyptian Dental Association
EDOJ Egyptian Dermatology Online Journal
EDC Egyptian Developers Conference
EDC Egyptian Drilling Company
EEI Egyptian Educational Initiative
EEP Egyptian Electric Pedal
EEA Egyptian Electricity Authority
EETC Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company
EED Egyptian Engineering Day
EEAA Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency
EEF Egyptian Expeditionary Force
EEPC Egyptian Export Promotion Center
EFU Egyptian Feminist Union
EFCF Egyptian Fertility Care Foundation
EFIC Egyptian Financial and Industrial Company
EFG Egyptian Financial Group
EFA Egyptian Football Association
EFDA Egyptian Franchise Development Association
EGS Egyptian Geophysical Society
EGA Egyptian German Automotive Co.
EGTI Egyptian German Telecommunication Industries
EGIT Egyptian Group for Information Technology
EIEP Egyptian ICT Entrepreneurship Program
EISI Egyptian Information Society Initiative
EISA Egyptian Insurance Supervisory Authority
EISC Egyptian International Shipping Company
EIJ Egyptian Islamic Jihad
EJB Egyptian Junior Business
EMCO Egyptian Maritime Consultant Office
EMDB Egyptian Maritime Data Bank
EMSA Egyptian Medical Students Association
EMOE Egyptian Ministry of Education
EMTC Egyptian Mobile Telephone Company
ENAL Egyptian National Agriculture Library
ENCID Egyptian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage
ENC-YWCA Egyptian National Council of Young Women’s Christian Association
ENR Egyptian National Railways
EGAS Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company
ENA Egyptian News Agency
ENNA Egyptian NGOs Network Against AIDS
EOS Egyptian Organization for Standardization and Quality Control
EOJ Egyptian Orthodontic Journal
EOS Egyptian Orthodontic Society
EOA Egyptian Orthopedic Association
EPSF Egyptian Pharmaceutical Students’ Federation
EPTC Egyptian Pharmaceuticals Trading Company
EPAP Egyptian Pollution Abatement Project
EGP Egyptian Pound
ERS Egyptian Rat Screw
ESC Egyptian Satellite Channel
ESTA Egyptian Science and Technology Abstracts
ESED Egyptian Small Enterprise Development Foundation
ESCD Egyptian Society for Cultural Development
ESCA Egyptian Society of Crystallography and Its Applications
ESDV Egyptian Society of Dermatology and Venereology
ESNT Egyptian Society of Natural Toxins
ESPNC Egyptian Society of Perinatal Neurocare
ESS Egyptian Student Society
ESS Egyptian Study Society
ESCA Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities
ETA Egyptian Tourist Authority
EUN Egyptian Universities Network
EUA Egyptian Urological Association
EEFA Egyptian-English Football Association
ERA Egyptians Relief Association
EIFA Egypt-India Friendship Association
EDBE Export Development Bank of Egypt
FAIT Faisal Islamic Bank of Egypt
FUE Future University in Egypt
GSE Geological Survey of Egypt
GOE Government Of Egypt
HRG Hurghada, Egypt
IEAA Institute for Egyptian Art and Archaeology
IAE International Association of Egyptologists
ICE International Congress of Egyptology
JIGRE Jewish Inscriptions of Graeco-Roman Egypt
JECC Joint Egyptian Cotton Committee
JEA Journal of Egyptian Archaeology
LLRC Legal Research and Resource Centre for Human Rights in Egypt
LXR Luxor, Egypt – Luxor
NBE National Bank of Egypt
NES New Egypt Speedway
NSSEA Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities
NELEA North East Lincolnshire Egyptology Association
NCEB Northern California Egyptian Breeders
ORDEV Organization for Reconstruction and Development of Egyptian Villages
SSE Sedimentological Society of Egypt
SSH Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt – Ophira
SAE Societe Anonyme Egyptienne
SFE Société Française d’Egyptologie
SPARE Society for the Protection of Animal Rights in Egypt
SSEA Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities
SEA Society of Egyptian Architects
SECI South Egypt Cancer Institute
SEPE Survey and Excavation Projects in Egypt
TE Telecom Egypt
AESA The Ancient Egypt Studies Association
UBOE United Bank of Egypt
USEF United States-Egypt Friendship Society
UFE Université Française d’Egypte
UEFM Upper Egypt Flour Mills
WCJE World Congress of Jews from Egypt

Geography

The nature of Egypt is characterized by desert. The Nile River flows throughout the country from south to north. The banks of the river are fertile oases in the otherwise arid desert landscape. In the far east is the mountainous Sinai Peninsula. The peninsula is separated from the rest of the country by the Suez Canal, which links the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. Almost the entire population lives along the Nile, by the Suez Canal, or in the large river delta where the Nile flows into the Mediterranean. The climate is warm and dry throughout the country, with the exception of the humid delta area in the north. Some rainfall may occur along the coasts, while inland rainfall is very rare.

The Nile is one of the most endangered rivers in the world. Pollution, containment and climate change put the river at risk. The Nile has been dammed up to make the river flow more even. Despite this, the water level in both the river and in the artificial lake behind the dam is determined by the rainfall and climate from which the Nile gets its water. This means that the Nile, which is the whole basis of Egypt’s life, is very vulnerable to climate change, new dams or pollution outside the country.

History

Egypt was the center of one of the world’s oldest and most influential civilizations. From around 3000 BCE. the Egyptian Pharaohs (kings) ruled the country for over 2000 years. Major technological, cultural, political, mathematical and religious innovations have made Egypt one of the most powerful and richest countries in world history. Beyond the 1000s BCE the power of the Pharaohs was challenged, and Egypt became subject to other great kingdoms. Among other things, the country was ruled by Nubia, Persia, the Macedonian Empire and the Roman Empire. In the 600s, the Arabs introduced Islam to the country. From the 16th century, Egypt became part of the powerful Muslim Ottoman Empire. Between 1882 and 1922 the country served as a British colony. Egypt became independent in 1922, but the influence of the British continued to influence the country.

During World War II, Egypt developed into an Arab great power. A growing nationalism between the 1950s and 1980s led to several wars with European powers, and with neighboring Israel. After more than 20 years as a dictatorship with Hosni Mobarak in power, big demonstrations in 2011 led him to step down. The uprising was part of the “Arab Spring”, where the people of several Arab countries demanded more democracy.

Society and politics

Egypt is a republic with a strong presidential power. After the revolution in 2011, changes were introduced in the political system to strengthen democracy. Free parliamentary and presidential elections were held for the first time. After new demonstrations, the new president was also forced to step down. For a while, the military took power, before a new election was held. The winner of this election has since ruled the country. The president is the country’s head of state and is directly elected by the people for a maximum of two four-year terms. The president appoints the government and is the commander-in-chief of the military.

Since the incumbent president came to power, he has strengthened his power. For example, it is illegal to form political parties on religious or ethnic grounds. Among other things, an important power factor and the “Muslim Brotherhood” movement are prohibited. Religion’s impact on politics has diminished, while being the most important influence on society. Religious extremism has become more common since the 1990s. In particular, the Sinai Peninsula has been the center of a growing extremist movement. Throughout the country, women are strongly under-represented in the labor market, in politics and in the judiciary. Women, on average, also earn considerably less than men.

Economics and Commerce

Egypt is the region’s most populous country, and North Africa’s largest economy. The economy is based on agriculture, industry, tourism and revenue from the Suez Canal. There are significant oil deposits in the country, but compared to other Arab countries, extraction and exports are modest. Agriculture employs a significant proportion of the population. In particular, cotton production and the textile industry are important industries. The country imports a lot of food, as there are relatively few areas suitable for agriculture in relation to the rapid population growth. Tourism has traditionally been an important industry, but the political unrest in recent years, and the increasing religious extremism, have, however, led to fewer tourists.

Egypt is struggling with great differences between poor and rich. Around 30 percent of the population lives below the national poverty line. Among the country’s riches, education, work and the reputation of the family are more important than wealth. The same goes for the poor population, but the opportunities for getting a good education or a good job are poor. Therefore, traditional customs are important to follow in order to maintain the reputation of the family. These customs usually mean that daughters are inherited less and are to be married, while sons inherit more and will carry the family further.

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