Nepal Abbreviations

NP is the abbreviation for Nepal, the 93rd largest country in the world. Officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Nepal is a country located in South Asia, bordering 4 countries – Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, and India. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. Major cities include Kathmandu (population: 1,442,260), Pokhara (population: 199,989), Patan (population: 183,299), Biratnagar (population: 182,313), Birgunj (population: 133,227), Dharān (population: 108,589), Bharatpur (population: 107,146), Janakpur Dham (population: 93,756), Dhangadhi (population: 92,283), and Butwāl (population: 91,722).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Language: Nepali
  • Area: 147,181 km2
  • Population: 28,982,760
  • Currency: Nepalese rupee Rs (Nepali: रू) (NPR)
  • Time zone: UTC+05:45
  • Calling code: 977
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: NP
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: NPL
  • Internet TLD: .np
  • State Government Website: http://nepal.gov.np

Map of Nepal

List of Nepal Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Nepal are NP which stands for Nepal and NPR which means Nepalese rupee Rs (Nepal currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Nepal, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

NP: Nepal

Abbreviation Meaning
AWON Active Women of Nepal
ANWA All Nepal Women Association
ADHRN Alliance for Democracy and Human Rights in Nepal
ABANDON Association of British Alumni in Nepal
ABAN Association of British Alumni in Nepal
BWA Bhairawa, Nepal – Bhairawa
BCN Bird Conservation Nepal
BNT Bourgogne, Népal, Tibet
CFFN Canada Forum for Nepal
CNDN Canadian Network for Democratic Nepal
CDSN Carl Duisberg Society Nepal
CIPN Centre for Intellectual Property Nepal
CWSN Child Welfare Scheme Nepal
CCNN Climate Change Network Nepal
CPN Communist Party of Nepal
CPN-UML Communist Party of Nepal/United Marxist-Leninist
CAN Computer Association of Nepal
CAN Cricket Association of Nepal
DEAN Democracy and Election Alliance Nepal
DNCC District NGO Coordination Committee (Nepal)
ESON Editors’ Society of Nepal
ESON Ethnobotanical Society of Nepal
ENCG Everest Nepal Cultural Group
FPAN Family Planning Association of Nepal
FAWN Federation of Agricultural Workers, Nepal
FNJ Federation of Nepalese Journalists
FWEAN Federation of Women Entrepreneurs Associations of Nepal
FFAN Freight Forwarders Association of Nepal
GON Government of Nepal
INFO Inside Nepal Friendship Organization
INF International Nepal Fellowship
INYF International Nepalese Youth Forum
JCCN Japanese Chamber of Commerce in Nepal
JNPFA Japan-Nepal Parliamentary Association for Friendship
JMO Jomsom, Nepal
KTM Kathmandu, Nepal – Tribhuvan
LUA Lukla, Nepal – Lukla
MEY Meghauli, Nepal – Meghauli
NCASC National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (Teku, Kathmandu, Nepal)
NCCN National Council of Churches of Nepal
NPCN National Press Club, Nepal
NHSN Natural History Society of Nepal
NP Nepal
NPL Nepal
NAMS Nepal Academy of Medical Sciences
NASC Nepal Administrative Staff College
NARC Nepal Agricultural Research Council
NAC Nepal Airlines Corporation
NASA Nepal Animal Science Association
NAFA Nepal Association of Fine Arts
NAFA Nepal Australia Friendship Association
NBBL Nepal Bangladesh Bank Ltd.
NEBA Nepal Bar Association
NBA Nepal Beekeepers Association
NBRC Nepal Biomedical Research Center
NCNC Nepal Center of North Carolina
NCA Nepal Cultural Association
NDA Nepal Dental Association
NEA Nepal Electricity Authority
NFN Nepal Federation of Nationalities
NFPA Nepal Federation of Pankration Athlima
NFDB Nepal Film Development Board
NFPA Nepal Film Producers Association
NFMA Nepal Flour Mills Association
NFFA Nepal Freight Forwarders Association
NGCC Nepal Girls Care Centre
NGEO Nepal Government Employees’ Organisation
NHRC Nepal Health Research Council
NIPDISC Nepal Indigenous Peoples Development and Information Service Centre
NICB Nepal Industrial and Commercial Bank
NIDC Nepal Industrial Development Corporation
NICU Nepal International Consumers Union
NLC Nepal Liaison Council
NMVA Nepal Maoist Victims Association
NMA Nepal Medical Association
NMC Nepal Medical College
NMC Nepal Medical Council
NMSRA Nepal Medical Sales Representative Association
NMBA Nepal Mountain Bike Association
NMA Nepal Mountaineering Association
NNMC Nepal National Marwadi Council
NNTA Nepal National Teachers’ Association
NRB Nepal Rastra Bank
NRCS Nepal Red Cross Society
NRCT Nepal River Conservation Trust
NSP Nepal Sadbhavana Party
NTG Nepal Tamang Ghedung
NTC Nepal Telecommunication Corporation
NTV Nepal Television
NPT Nepal Time
NTHWU Nepal Tourism and Hotel Workers Union
NTB Nepal Tourism Board
NTUC Nepal Trade Union Congress
NWCF Nepal Water Conservation Foundation
NWP Nepal Water Partnership
NWWA Nepal Woodworkers Association
NAJ Nepalese Association in Japan
NCCS Nepalese Canadian Community Services
NCNC Nepalese Community Network of Canada
NRS Nepalese Rupee
NPR Nepalese Rupee
KEP Nepalganj, Nepal – Nepalganj
NAFA Nepali American Friendship Association
NC Nepali Congress
NCP Nepali Congress Party
NC Nepali Currency
NTAG Nepali Technical Assistance Group
NAFA Nepalis and Friends Association
NAAN Netherlands Alumni Association of Nepal
NFN NGO Federation of Nepal
NRN Non Resident Nepali Association
NANDRON North American Network for Democratic Republic of Nepal
OAGN Office of the Auditor General of Nepal
POKERED Pokhara Airport, Nepal
PKR Pokhara Airport, Nepal
POKERED Pokhara, Nepal – Pokhara
PKR Pokhara, Nepal – Pokhara
PAAN Public Administration Association of Nepal
RMFN Rocky Mountain Friends of Nepal
RA Royal Nepal Airlines
RNA Royal Nepal Airlines
RNA Royal Nepalese Army
RRN Rural Reconstruction Nepal
STAC SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre (Nepal)
SWOG Social Workers Group Nepal
SCEN Society of Civil Engineers Nepal
SIMON Society of Internal Medicine of Nepal
SCBNL Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Ltd.
TWCN Third World Craft Nepal
TAAN Trekking Agents Association of Nepal
TNCC Triad Nepalese Community Center
UMN United Mission to Nepal
VNY Visit Nepal Year
WACN Women Awareness Center Nepal
WFPN World Food Programme Nepal
WNSO Worldwide Nepalese Students’ Organisation
YIN Youth Initiative Nepal

Geography

A large part of the Himalayan mountain range is located in Nepal, including the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest. The country has several other peaks over 8,000 meters, and three-quarters of Nepal’s total land area is mountains. The plains in the south are mainly used for agriculture, as are the country’s many fertile valleys.

The climate varies based on the number of meters above sea level. In the lowlands, there is a subtropical climate, while in the mountainous regions it is so cold that both snow and glaciers lie throughout the year. Nepal has to a small extent expanded the potential for hydropower that lies in the country’s many rivers and waterfalls. Currently, it is primarily the forest that is used as an energy source.

Firewood that has led to deforestation and erosion In a few decades, the forested part of Nepal has been reduced from about half to just over a quarter. Climate change causes glaciers to melt, which together with deforestation leads to more floods. Due to poor sanitary conditions and emissions from the industry, contaminated water is a problem. Vehicle pollution lowers air quality in cities.

History

Nepal is squeezed between India and China, and both have had a strong influence on the country throughout history. However, the country has never been a colony, although both Indians and Britons have for a long time controlled foreign policy.

Nepal has long traditions for self-governing kings with great power and corrupt politicians. Precisely the desire to remove the country’s constitutional monarchy led to the bloody Maoist uprising, also known as the “People’s War,” from 1996. The fighting actions that followed the next decade demanded nearly 15,000 lives.

In 2005, Nepal became one of the world’s last absolute monarchies when King Gyanendra deposed the prime minister and elected officials. Gyanendra himself was inaugurated as king when his brother, the incumbent King Birendra, was killed by his own son in 2001. After major demonstrations and international pressure, the National Assembly was re-elected in spring 2006. Then peace negotiations between the government and the Maoists followed, leading to a peace agreement. year. In 2007, Nepal was given a temporary constitution, which was to apply until a proper constitution was drafted. In June 2008, the king abdicated and Nepal became a republic.

Society and politics

The process of writing a new constitution was long and sometimes dramatic, with several major demonstrations and loss of human life. Political contradictions after the Civil War made the work difficult, but in 2015 the new constitution was passed.

The new constitution establishes Nepal as a secular federal republic, with seven provinces. Fundamental freedoms and rights are guaranteed by the Constitution. So does a democratic multi-party system and independent judiciary. The president is the country’s head of state, but the prime minister is the head of government. The House consists of two chambers, and has its own seats dedicated to women and ethnic minorities.

The policy is dominated by the party of the former Maoist guerrillas (UCPN-M), and the Nepal Congress (NC). The first election after the new constitution came into force was made in 2017. An alliance of communists and Maoists won a clear victory after going for elections of economic growth and prosperity for the citizens.

Only about half of the population has electricity or inlet water. There are many groups of people and big differences between classes, nature and living conditions. The caste system lives on among people, even though it is prohibited by law, and prevents many from a more just development. Women have weak rights, and domestic violence is common. Many girls are forcibly married, few women have formal positions, and women have limited inheritance rights.

Economics and Commerce

Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. A large part of the population lives solely on what they grow, and a large proportion of the population is malnourished. Perhaps as much as 90% live from agriculture. The proportion of people living in absolute poverty has declined in recent years. This is mainly due to transfers from Nepalese working abroad. Trade, the service industry and industry still constitute a larger share of the gross domestic product (GDP), but Nepal’s natural resources are poorly utilized.

Tourism has gradually grown to become an important source of income for the country. This makes many of the country’s inhabitants vulnerable to political turmoil, as tourists fail to appear when riots occur.

Corruption is widespread and the country struggles with always having a deficit in the state budget, which is covered by foreign loans and aid. Money from abroad covers a quarter of the budget. The politicians have tried many measures to stack the economy on their feet, but the frequent changes in government and constant changes in economic policy make the measures to a small degree unsuccessful.

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