Zimbabwe Abbreviations

ZW is the abbreviation for Zimbabwe, the 60th largest country in the world. Officially Republic of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe is a country located in southern Africa, bordering South Africa, BotswanaZambia and Mozambique. Harare is the capital city of Zimbabwe. Major cities include Harare (population: 1,542,802), Bulawayo (population: 699,374), Chitungwiza (population: 340,349), Mutare (population: 184,194), Gweru (population: 146,062), Kwekwe (population: 99,138), Kadoma (population: 79,163), Masvingo (population: 76,279), Chinhoyi (population: 61,728), and Marondera (population: 57,071).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Harare
  • Language: Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa
  • Area: 390,757 km2
  • Population: 16,150,362
  • Currency: RTGS Dollar
  • Time zone: UTC+2
  • Calling code: 263
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: ZW
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: ZWE
  • Internet TLD: .zw
  • State Government Website: parlzim.gov.zw

Map of Zimbabwe

List of Zimbabwe Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Zimbabwe are ZW which stands for Zimbabwe and RTGS which means RTGS Dollar (Zimbabwe currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Zimbabwe, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

ZW: Zimbabwe

Abbreviation Meaning
AFCZ Agricultural Finance Corporation of Zimbabwe
AFZ Air Force of Zimbabwe
UM Air Zimbabwe
ANZ Associated Newspapers of Zimbabwe
ACHP Association of Complimentary Health Practitioners of Zimbabwe
AZTREC Association of Zimbabwe Traditional Environmental Conservationists
AAZ Automobile Association of Zimbabwe
BUZ Basketball Union of Zimbabwe
BAZ Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe
BYO Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
BUQ Bulawayo, Zimbabwe – Bulawayo
CCJPZ Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe
CZI Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries
CCZ Consumer Council of Zimbabwe
CIZ Crisis in Zimbabwe
DZL Dairibord Zimbabwe Limited
FFCZ First Factoring Company of Zimbabwe
GAPWUZ General Agricultural and Plantation Workers Union of Zimbabwe
GOZ Government of Zimbabwe
GRAZI Graphics Association of Zimbabwe
HRE Harare, Zimbabwe – Harare
HAZ HIV/AIDS Zimbabwe
HWN Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe – Hwange National Park
IDBZ Infrastructure Development Bank of Zimbabwe
KAB Kariba, Zimbabwe – Kariba
LSZS Law Society of Zimbabwe
LSZ Law Society of Zimbabwe
LIZ Leather Institute of Zimbabwe
MZT Marwell Zimbabwe Trust
MRCZ Medical Research Council of Zimbabwe
MMCZ Minerals Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe
MDCZ Movement for Democratic Change Zimbabwe
NAZ National Archives of Zimbabwe
NAGZ National Art Gallery of Zimbabwe
NRZ National Railways of Zimbabwe
NZPW Network of Zimbabwe Positive Women
NNAP NGO Network Alliance Project (Zimbabwe)
RCZ Research Council of Zimbabwe
RBZ Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
SZC Save Zimbabwe Campaign
SHAZ Shaping the Health of Adolescents in Zimbabwe
SAZS Standards Association of Zimbabwe
SAZ Standards Association of Zimbabwe
TUZ Teachers Union of Zimbabwe
TCZ Theological College of Zimbabwe
TIZING Transparency International Zimbabwe
TIZ Transparency International Zimbabwe
UCCZ United Church of Christ in Zimbabwe
UNDZ United Network of Detained Zimbabweans
UOZ University of Zimbabwe
UZ University of Zimbabwe
VCCA Venture Capital Company of Zimbabwe
VFA Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe
WEZ Wildlife and Environment Zimbabwe
ZIMBABWE Zimbabwe
ZW Zimbabwe
ZI Zimbabwe
ZAHA Zimbabwe Activists on HIV/AIDS
ZANU Zimbabwe African National Union
ZANU-PF Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front
ZAPU Zimbabwe African People’s Union
ZAN Zimbabwe AIDS Network
ZAO Zimbabwe AIDS Orphans
ZAPP Zimbabwe AIDS Prevention Project
ZACH Zimbabwe Association of Church Related Hospitals
ZATSO Zimbabwe Association of Tour and Safari Operators
ZIBAWU Zimbabwe Banks and Allied Workers Union
ZBDC Zimbabwe Book Development Council
ZBC Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation
ZBH Zimbabwe Broadcasting Holdings
ZCA Zimbabwe Christian Alliance
ZCM Zimbabwe College of Music
ZCDT Zimbabwe Community Development Trust
ZCT Zimbabwe Conservation Taskforce
ZCT Zimbabwe Council for Tourism
ZC Zimbabwe Cricket
ZCU Zimbabwe Cricket Union
ZDI Zimbabwe Defence Industries
ZDT Zimbabwe Democracy Trust
ZDA Zimbabwe Diabetic Association
ZWD Zimbabwe Dollar
ZDAWU Zimbabwe Domestic and Allied Workers Union
ZEW Zimbabwe Election Watch
ZEC Zimbabwe Electoral Commission
ZESA Zimbabwe Electricity Authority
ZESA Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority
ZELA Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association
ZERO Zimbabwe Environmental Research Organization
ZEF Zimbabwe Exiles Forum
ZFU Zimbabwe Farmers’ Union
ZFC Zimbabwe Fertilizer Company
ZIFA Zimbabwe Football Association
ZFM Zimbabwe Freedom Movement
ZGS Zimbabwe Geological Survey
ZIG Zimbabwe Information Group
ZIE Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers
ZISPA Zimbabwe Internet Service Providers Association
ZKC Zimbabwe Kennel Club
ZLP Zimbabwe Labour Party
ZLT Zimbabwe Leaf Tobacco Ltd
ZLP Zimbabwe Liberators Platform
ZLA Zimbabwe Library Association
ZMDC Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation
ZNA Zimbabwe National Army
ZNB Zimbabwe National Bibliography
ZNCWC Zimbabwe National Council for the Welfare of Children
ZNTHA Zimbabwe National Traditional Healers Association
ZOC Zimbabwe Olympic Committee
ZOU Zimbabwe Open University
ZOPA Zimbabwe Organic Producers Association
ZOE Zimbabwe Orphans Endeavor
ZPH Zimbabwe Publishing House
ZRP Zimbabwe Republic Police
ZRU Zimbabwe Rugby Union
ZSCF Zimbabwe Solidarity and Consultation Forum
ZSED Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
ZSE Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
ZSR Zimbabwe Sugar Refineries
ZSC Zimbabwe Supreme Court
ZTA Zimbabwe Teachers’ Association
ZTA Zimbabwe Tobacco Association
ZTA Zimbabwe Tourism Authority
ZUD Zimbabwe Union of Democrats
ZUM Zimbabwe Unity Movement
ZWVA Zimbabwe War Veterans Association
ZWW Zimbabwe Women Writers
ZWA Zimbabwe Workcamps Association

Geography

Zimbabwe is located on the South African high plateau and has large areas of mountains and mountains, as well as larger forested savannas. In the west there are swamp and wetland areas. In the east, dense jungle grows along the Inyanga mountain range, which forms a natural boundary with neighboring Mozambique. Zimbabwe is completely off the coast.

The climate is subtropical and the temperatures vary with the height above the sea. Zimbabwe has little rainfall. Most of the rainfall comes between November and March, and often varies from year to year. Several areas are too dry to farm.

The country has major environmental challenges, especially in agriculture. The use of toxic pesticides is among the highest in the world. Deforestation and soil erosion threaten to destroy the soil, and in cities the air is heavily polluted by heavy industry and traffic. Several endangered species are at risk of extinction because snipers roam freely in the national parks.

History

Zimbabwe has been inhabited by the Shona and Ndebele people groups for almost 2,000 years. The country was a rich trading center from the 800-1400s. Zimbabwe is named after a medieval city of the same name, where it is estimated that there were as many as 20,000 people living at the time. Throughout the 15th century, the city experienced a decline due to overpopulation and depletion of land and forest.

Over the next centuries, European adventurers, traders and missionaries began to come to the area, and the local kingdoms lost much power and vast lands. The British South Africa Company gained control of Zimbabwe in the late 1800s, until the country became a British colony under the name Southern Rhodesia in 1923.

In 1962, the racist party Rhodesian Front (RF) came to power after a clear electoral victory, and in 1965 the country declared itself independent from the British Commonwealth. The country was named Rhodesia and was ruled by a white minority.

In 1968, the UN passed a resolution banning all members from trading with Rhodesia. A black resistance movement grew and waged guerrilla war against the government throughout the 1970s. In 1980 the country became independent and took the name Zimbabwe. Liberation leader Robert Mugabe ruled the country from 1980 until he was deposed by a bloodless military coup in 2017.

Society and politics

In theory, Zimbabwe is a multi-party parliamentary republic. Since independence in 1980, however, the Constitution has been amended several times to increase the power of then- President Robert Mugabe, and the country has served as a one-party state. Mugabe’s party ZANU-PF controls most parts of society. Emmerson Mnangagwa took over the presidency after the coup against Mugabe, and in 2018, an election was held. The opposition is divided and pursued by the CIO security police.

Reforms to redistribute the land from the white upper class to the black lower class had disastrous consequences for the country. People were displaced from their farms, and large agricultural areas were destroyed because they were not operated properly.

Since 1990, the country has experienced several economic crises that have hit the population hard. Zimbabwe also participated in a war against DR Congo in the 1990s, which helped to destroy the economy. Since 2000, the country has been characterized by political turmoil and an ever-worse life for its citizens. Increasing poverty and unemployment have led to poorer health, hunger and lower average age. Cases of HIV and AIDS have increased, following a decline before the crisis. A great many inhabitants depend on food aid, especially when crops fail.

Human rights are poor, and freedom of speech is restricted by several laws. This has led to demands for registration of journalists and restrictions on what can be published. Corruption is widespread in the country.

Economics and Commerce

Zimbabwe’s economy experienced a downturn in the 1990s, when the country was hit hard by drought. Many highly educated people moved, and the government had to raise large loans to import corn and other foods. The World Bank and the Monetary Fund launched programs to get the economy on the right track, but withdrew when the country stopped paying the repayments on the many loans.

The political situation has led many Western countries to withhold aid and refuse to trade with Zimbabwe. During the 2000s, the situation developed into a deep economic crisis. The industry worked only partially, and there was a shortage of electric power and qualified workers.

Agriculture was almost completely destroyed after the disastrous land reforms of the 1990s and 2000s. As money has lost almost all its value, more and more residents have become dependent on changing goods and services in order to survive. In 2009, however, the economy began to grow, after a transitional government was elected. The country has experienced extreme inflation (hyperinflation) and is still struggling to control this problem.

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