Abbreviation for Ankara, Turkey

Ankara, until 1930 Engürü (earlier called Angora by Europeans), capital of Turkey since 1923, with (2018) 4.87 million residents second largest city in the country (1950: 288 500, 1970: 1.24 million residents). The agglomeration covers the entire province of Ankara with 24,521 km 2 and 5.5 million residents.

Administrative and cultural institutions

Ankara is the seat of all ministries and central authorities, has a technical university for the Middle East (ODTÜ / METU; founded 1956) and three other state universities (founded in 1946, 1967 and 1982 [campus university]) as well as several private universities, Goethe- Institute, national library, archaeological museum (with the largest collection of ancient Anatolian art), ethnographic museum, opera, concert hall, several theaters. Banks, commercial buildings and embassies form the city center with the center on Kızılay Square on the 5 km long »Ataturk Bulvarı« axis.


The wool and goat hair processing, which was important until the early 19th century, is almost extinct. It was replaced by a variety of light industries (food, textile, building materials, metal processing, mechanical engineering, precision engineering, printing), which are concentrated in the west on the motorway to Istanbul. Besides Istanbul and İzmir, Ankara is the most important industrial location (especially the arms industry) and an important trading center in the country.


Ankara has a growing network of underground and suburban train lines (Ankaray); Esenboğa international airport.


Ankara, the ancient Ankyra, originally belonged to Phrygia, later to Galatia. Since the 3rd century BC It was the main place of the Celtic tecto legends. In the 2nd and 1st centuries BC BC it was under the sovereignty of Rome, Pergamon, Pontos and came in 74 BC. Back to Rome. Since 25 BC As Sebaste Tectosagum, it was the capital of the Roman province of Galatia. In the 7th / 8th In the 19th century, Ankara suffered badly from the Arab invasions and was conquered by the Seljuks for the first time in 1073. After frequent changes of ownership, it was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1361/62, whose sultan Bajasid I was ruled by the Mongols under Timur in 1402was decisively beaten at Ankara. – Ankara took on the look of an Islamic city with Jewish and Christian living quarters. Along with Bursa and Kayseri, it remained the most important urban settlement in Anatolia with up to 25,000 residents (beginning of the 17th century); 1735-1850 it was also the seat of an Armenian bishop. In 1892 the Anatolian Railway reached Ankara. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk chose Ankara as the center of the national movement. On April 23, 1920, the first “Great Turkish National Assembly” met in Ankara, which in 1923 became the capital of Turkey.

Terrorist attacks in 2015/16: 103 people lost their lives in a bomb attack by two suicide bombers on a peace demonstration critical of the government in Ankara on October 10, 2015. Well over 400 people suffered injuries. The authorities blamed perpetrators with ties to the Islamic State for the terrorist attack. On February 17, 2016, a military convoy was bombed in the government district. In addition to the suicide bomber, 29 people were killed and at least 60 people were injured. The Kurdistan Freedom Falcons (Teyrêbazên Azadîya Kurdistan; TAK), a terrorist splinter group from the PKK, confessed to the attack. The TAK also confessed to another suicide attack in which 37 people died in Ankara on March 13, 2016, and more than 120 people were injured. On December 19, 2016, the Russian ambassador was assassinated in Ankara.

Abbreviations for Ankara, Turkey

City Profile

  • Abbreviation: ESB
  • Country: Turkey

ESB: Ankara, Turkey - Esenboga

List of Ankara Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations for Ankara is ESB which stands for Ankara. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Ankara, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

City Abbreviation Meanings
Ankara RMVA Recombinant Modified Vaccinia Ankara
Ankara AU-2 Ankara University
Ankara AU Ankara University
Ankara ABB Ankara Buyuksehir Belediyesi
Ankara MOSC Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
Ankara ARED Ankara Profesyonel Turizm Rehberleri Dernegi
Ankara MCYM Malankara Catholic Youth Movement
Ankara CESA Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara
Ankara ASTI Ankara Sehirlerarasi Terminal Isletmesi
Ankara ASKI Ankara Su Ve Kanalizasyon Idaresi
Ankara BIAA British Institute at Ankara
Ankara MVA Modified Vaccinia-Virus Ankara
Ankara ESB Ankara, Turkey – Esenboga
Ankara SEF Sankara Eye Foundation
Ankara BIA British Institute at Ankara
Ankara ATO Ankara Tabip Odasi
Ankara ATO Ankara Ticaret Odasi
Ankara ASO Ankara Sanayi Odasi
Ankara ANK Ankara
Ankara AAL Ankara Ataturk Lisesi