Berlin is a vibrant, creative, bohemian city, but also conservative and politically correct. This mixture of impulses and cultures creates an exciting metropolis that can give tourists a lasting and positive impression. Berlin is a big city, both in terms of population and area, and as its capital it is the largest city in Germany.
There is a network of canals in Berlin, which beautifies the city and contributes to the fact that, through the centuries, creative forces have developed distinctive living areas where people thrive.
Berlin offers a great diversity, which is why the city caters for all types of people. Berlin is an Eldorado for art, architecture and music enthusiasts. Berlin also has a romantic side and is well suited for more or less newly in love couples. For the children, Berlin has many attractions and it is easy to roll a trolley in the city if the children are small. When it comes to the weather, Berlin appears to have Scandinavian seasons, but overall the city is a little warmer than we are used to.
Berlin is a large and exciting metropolis, close to distance and equal in culture. Our opinion is that it should not be done to thrive in Berlin, the largest in Germany in many areas!
Get to know Berlin
Berlin’s history dates back to the 13th century, and the reason for the settlement was the Spree and Havel rivers. In the 1400s, Fredrik became the protector of the Hohenzollern Berlin and started the 500-year history of emperors, kings and caste princes. The emperor Fredrik Vilhelm took hold of Berlin in the 1600s, and the city experienced strong growth during his reign.
As a result of the plague and famine catastrophe, Berlin had just over 5,000 inhabitants in the mid-1600s. By the death of Fredrik Wilhelm in 1688, the population of Berlin had grown to 20,000. This time was also the beginning of Berlin’s Baroque period, which lasted until the end of the 18th century. Now the transformation of the city into a major metropolis started. In 1871, Berlin became the new capital of the German Empire, and around 1900 there were almost 2 million inhabitants in Berlin.
During World War II, Berlin was invaded by well over a million soldiers. The destruction was enormous, and Hitler committed suicide in his bunker on April 30, 1945, and so the war was over. Berlin was divided after the World War, and East Berlin became the capital of East Germany, while West Germany chose Bonn as its capital. On October 3, 1990, the wall fences disappeared completely, and the following year Berlin became the capital of a united Germany. Berlin today has approx. 3.5 million inhabitants and it is one of Europe’s largest cities.
- Abbreviation: B
- Country: Germany
The city of Berlin – City planning
Berlin is a very flat city spread out over a large area, without a natural center, so it may take some time for a tourist to get the overview. You should have a strong leg muscle if you intend to walk between the attractions, so we can recommend buying a day pass or three-day pass that you can use on Berlin’s fast and efficient underground network, S-bahn and U-bahn.
Berlin’s history over the past hundred years is bleak, and has left deep marks on the souls of its citizens. From being the very heart of the Empire of Evil in the 30s and 40s with the ensuing total destruction, to the partition of the city with a wall and barbed wire, communist rule, and the killing of hundreds of people who tried to flee to the west. All of this still casts its shadow over Berlin, and the inhabitants are almost finished with this mentally. The construction and / or relocation of memorials and monuments to Holocaust victims, soldiers or border refugees is a continuing and controversial topic.
(Museum Island, Unter den Linden and other downtown areas)
Berlin’s origin is an island in a side river to Spree. You will not find any visible signs of the original 13th century settlement today, but the remains of the 14th century Kurfürsten Castle are located here in the east of Berlin. The area is called the Museum Island (Museum Island). The area is visited mainly because of many great museums, galleries and buildings. Not least, Berliner Dom is a very interesting building that you should take a closer look at. Take bus # 100, 157 or 348.
On the west bank of the Museum Island you will find an area dominated by the street Unter den Linden. Unter den Linden is a well-known avenue that runs across this baroque downtown area and is one of the most stylish Berlin has to offer in terms of historical architecture. Here you will find, among other things, the Zeughaus building with the German historical museum, the State Opera and Bebelplatz, where the Nazis burned books in the 1930s. Also note the beautiful and magnificent neo-Gothic Friedrichswerdersche Kirche behind the Crown Prince’s Palace.
East of the Museum Island lies an area that is historically one of the earliest built-up areas of Berlin, where you can still find traces of the past. Unfortunately, the East German authorities tore down a lot and replaced it with gray concrete courtyards and shopping malls. There are few major sights in the area, but bring with you Berlin City Hall, Rotes Rathaus on Rathausstraße and the grand Ephraim-Palais building located in Poststraße 16. A tip is also to visit Der Fernsehturm (the TV tower), which is Berlin’s highest build with its 365 meters. It is possible to take a lift to the viewing platform, which is just over 200 meters up in the air. The address is logically Panoramastraße and the price is around 70 kroner for adults.
Northwest of Alexanderplatz (north of the city center) is the street Oranienburger Straße, which in the 19th century developed into Berlin’s Jewish Quarter. In the last decades, the district has been booming, and you will now find trendy eateries, architect-designed houses and a bustling folk life here, not least in the evening. Visit the Neue Synagogue in Oranienburger Straße. It has been restored and is the main attraction of the district. Next to it you will also find the Jewish Center, where you can learn about the Jews in Berlin.
Tiergarten (west of Mitte)
The Tiergarten area, including Potsdamer Platz, was once a wilderness and recreation area for the rich and powerful, but became for approx. 300 years ago turned into a huge park. Eventually many beautiful buildings came, but during the World War they were destroyed. In the middle of the park is the 64-meter-high landmark Seiersøylen (Siegersöyle), [see image above] which you can also walk up into and get an excellent view of the area.
After the merger of East Germany and West Germany, Tiergarten has been the subject of massive development and is now the city’s financial center and an important cultural hub. Here you will find the Kunstgiverbe Museum with its priceless art objects, and the Gemäldegalerie, which has pictures painted by old masters such as Jan van Eyck.
Kreuzberg, which is located southeast of Berlin, is the working area that was bombed during World War II. The ruins were taken over by unemployed and artists, and today the area has developed into a marvelously complex area of poverty and wealth side by side.
Here you will find most Turkish immigrants, many of whom are in Berlin. Here it is also crowded with restaurants, bars and nightclubs. Tourists pilgrimage to Checkpoint Charlie, which was the most famous border crossing between East and West Berlin.
This area southwest of Berlin starts from the Kurfürstendamm, a mighty promenade with luxury on both sides. Here you will find several of the best hotels (see also Luther Straße which has many hotels). Schöneberg is perhaps the most popular tourist area in Berlin, and houses the gigantic Bahnhof Zoo, one of the city’s zoos and the magnificent Kaiser-Wilhelm Gedächtniskirche. The latter can be found at Breitscheidplatz.
West of Berlin is Charlottenburg and not least Schloss Charlottenburg. Charlottenburg is a romantic area with beautiful buildings and beautiful greenery. Charlottenburg was a city of its own that first became part of Berlin in the 1920s. In fact, everything here has been rebuilt, and the Baroque castle has a luxurious appearance. You will find many monuments and statues in the parks around the castle.
Facts about Berlin
Berlin is one of the largest cities in Europe and is the capital of Germany. Berlin is known for its diversity, in terms of people, art and culture. For many in Norway, Berlin is a tourist favorite. We have no trouble understanding why.
|Population||Around 3.5 million|
|Religion||Roman Catholic (34%), Protestant (34%)|
|Currency||Euro. 1 euro is equivalent to about 8 Norwegian kroner. Most credit cards (Visa, Mastercard, Diners, AmEx) are accepted in most major locations, but some stores only accept German bank cards. ATMs are available almost everywhere.|
|Tips on restaurants||Around 10% is common if you are satisfied with the service.|
|Embassy||The Embassy of Norway is located in Rauchstr. Tel: +49 (0) 30505050|
|Tourist||In the Europa-Center, with entrance from Budapester Strasse.|
|Telephone||+49 (to Germany)|
|Emergency||Police 110. Fire / Ambulance / Accidents 112|
|Electricity||220 volts, and the same two-pin contact system as in Norway.|
|Holidays and Holidays||January 1st, Good Friday, 2nd Easter Day, May 1st, Ascension Day, 2nd Pentecost, October 3rd (National Day), 1st and 2nd Christmas Day.|
|Visa||Not required for Norwegians.|
|Vaccinations||No vaccines are required.|
|Water||Can be drunk from the tap, but bottled water is recommended|
|Nearest major cities||Magdeburg, Leipzig, Dresden|
|Safety||Slightly violent crime, but be aware of pickpockets in crowds.|
List of Berlin Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations about Berlin is B which stands for Berlin. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Berlin, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.