Finland Abbreviations

FI is the abbreviation for Finland, the 64th largest country in the world. Officially the Republic of Finland, Finland is a country located in Europe, bordering 3 countries – Norway, Russia, and Sweden. Helsinki is the capital city of Finland. Top 10 biggest cities are Helsinki (population: 558,446), Espoo (population: 256,749), Tampere (population: 202,676), Vantaa (population: 190,047), Turku (population: 175,934), Oulu (population: 128,607), Lahti (population: 98,815), Kuopio (population: 89,093), Jyvaskyla (population: 85,015), and Pori (population: 76,761).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Helsinki
  • Language: Finnish, Swedish
  • Area: 338,424 km2
  • Population: 5,521,147
  • Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)
  • Time zone: UTC+2
  • Calling code: 358
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: FI
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: FIN
  • Internet TLD: .fi
  • State Government Website: http://findikaattori.fi

Map of Finland

List of Finland Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Finland are FI which stands for Finland and EUR which means Euro (Finland currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Finland, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

FI: Finland

Abbreviation Meaning
ARCF Agricultural Research Centre of Finland
AREF Alfa Romeo Entusiasti Finlandesi
AAF Artists’ Association of Finland
BOF Bank of Finland
BRSF Brain Research Society of Finland
BCCCF British and Commonwealth Chamber of Commerce in Finland
CHCF Central Hospital of Centar Finland
CCF Contest Club Finland
EFFC East Finland Film Commission
EVF Electric Vehicles Finland OY
EFCF Evangelical Free Church of Finland
ELCF Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland
FTCF Fiat Tuning Club Finland
FIN Finland
FRT Finland Racing Team
FLE Finland, Lithuania, Estonia
FFNCC Finlandia Foundation National Capital Chapter
FU Finlandia University
FRL Finland-Russia Line
FSF Finlands Svenska Folkdansring
FSL Finlands Svenska Lärarförbund
FST Finlands Svenska Television
FSR Finlandssvensk Radio
FUSION Finland-United States Investigation of NIDDM Genetics
FINISH Finnair Oyj, Finland
FIN Finnair Oyj, Finland
AY Finnair, Oyj – Finland
FBF Foreningsbanken i Finland
FDTF Freediving Team of Finland
FOFF Friends of Fulbright Finland
GTK Geological Survey of Finland
GWCF Gold Wing Club Finland
HEL Helsinki, Finland – Helsinki
HRCF Historic Rally Club Finland
HFSF Historical Fencing Society of Finland
HROF Honda Riders of Finland
ILAF International Lawyers’ Association of Finland
IVL Ivalo, Finland – Ivalo
JYV Jyvaskyla, Finland
KEM Kemi/Tornio, Finland – Kemi
KOK Kokkola/Pietarsaari, Finland – Kruunupyy
KUO Kuopio, Finland – Kuopio
KAO Kuusamo, Finland
MHQ Mariehamn, Aland Island, Finland
MOEF Ministry of the Environment of Finland
NFFF New Fiction and Facts from Finland
NFBC Northern Finland Birth Cohort
NSF Norway, Sweden, Finland
OCF Opel Club Finland
EFOU Oulu Airport, Finland
OL Oulu railway station, Finland
OUL Oulu, Finland – Oulu
PJF Photogrammetric Journal of Finland
PKL Pikkarala, Finland
POR Pori, Finland – Pori
RVN Rovaniemi Airport, Finland
ROI Rovaniemi, Finland – Rovaniemi
SMDF Sandrew Metronome Distribution Finland
SVL Savonlinna, Finland – Savonlinna
SNF ScoutNet Finland
SII Social Insurance Institution of Finland
SAFA Suomen Arkkitehtiliitto Finlands Arkitektförbund
SF Suomi Finland
SFHP Suomi Finland Housing and Planning
TMP Tampere, Finland – Tampere-Pirkkala
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
TFIF Tekniska Föreningen i Finland
TSF TeliaSonera Finland
TMNF Trackmania Nations Finland
TKU Turku, Finland – Turku
UJF Union of Journalists in Finland
UTU University of Turku, Finland
VAA Vaasa, Finland – Vaasa
VRK Varkaus, Finland – Varkaus
VSAF Vietnamese Student Association in Finland
VCF Vision Club of Finland
WTF Welcome to Finland
WSF Welding Society of Finland
YPFF Youth Philatelic Federation of Finland

Geography

Almost two-thirds of Finland is covered by forests, while a tenth of the country is covered by lakes. Finland is called “The Land of the Thousand Lakes”. With its 187,000 lakes, Finland is the country with the most lakes in terms of its size. The land is relatively flat and has an elongated archipelago along the coast.

The climate in Finland is similar to Scandinavian, with cold winters and hot summers. Neighboring Russia’s large land masses create cold winds in winter and heat waves in summer. Due to the forest industry in Finland, the country is struggling with deforestation. The many lakes are shallow and are therefore very vulnerable to pollution. Much of the water from the lakes and rivers flows into the Baltic Sea, which today is very polluted.

History

In the 1300s, Finland was a Swedish province, closely related to Sweden both formally and culturally, and Swedish was also the dominant language for a long time. In 1809 Russia conquered Finland, and the country became a partially independent principality. The Tsar in Russia respected Finland’s laws as long as the Finns did not revolt. In this way, Finland was given room to develop its independence and desire for independence.

After the Russian October Revolution in 1917, bourgeois parties demanded independence from the whites in Finland, while the left side “the red” wanted to join the revolution. Disagreement led to civil war (1918) as “the whites” won, but the conflict created a deep political divide in the country.

During World War II, Finland fought against Russia because of disagreements over Russian access. The first time was the Winter War (1939-1940). Russian forces attacked, but Finnish troops unexpectedly managed to delay them for three months. After that, the Finnish government had to capitulate. A year later, Finland joined the German side and attacked the Soviet Union again. After the war in 1944, Finland had to pay war debts and give land to the Soviet Union.

In the period after World War II, Finland had to build up both the country and its relationship with the Soviet Union. The countries signed a friendship and aid pact that affected Finland’s foreign policy until the Soviet Union fell in 1991. Among other things, Finland had to renounce the Marshall Aid. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Finland changed its foreign policy. In 1995, the country became a member of the EU.

Society and politics

Finland is a democratic republic with a combination of parliamentarism and presidential rule. The president is the head of state, is elected every six years and can only sit for one term. Originally, the president of the country has had a lot of power, but it has been limited, and today the Riksdag has more influence. The president decides who will sit in the government headed by the prime minister. Elections to the Riksdag are held every four years, and the government must be approved by the Riksdag. Incidentally, Finland was among the first countries in the world to receive women’s suffrage in 1906.

Finland has two official languages; Finnish and Swedish. Like the other Nordic countries, Finland has developed comprehensive welfare schemes and scores high on education tests.

Economics and Commerce

Finland has a lot of forest, and the forest industry and agriculture are strong. The most important cereals produced in Finland are barley, oats and wheat. Potatoes are also grown in large parts of the country. Due to access to a lot of forest, there is a large paper industry in the country, much of what is produced is sold abroad. Finland’s most important trading partners are Sweden and Germany.

At the beginning of the 1990s, Finland went into an economic crisis. This led to the country focusing more on export-oriented business. Finland has focused especially on high-tech production. Nokia is the country’s largest and most successful company, and has been a world leader in mobile telephony. Finland has experienced economic growth since the mid-1990s. Despite the positive trend, economic downturns have put pressure on welfare schemes. They have been cut down, and there are trends of increasing social differences in the country.

The financial crisis in 2007 caused many people in the industry to lose their jobs, and unemployment in Finland is still relatively high. It has proved difficult to get parts of the population who have fallen out of work back into work.