Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam, in Tongkingdelta on the right bank of the Red River, the city with provincial status, after the reorganization as part of the integration of Ha Tay province and several provincial districts (2008) includes Hanoi 3320 km 2 , (2019) 3.47 million residents.
Seat of a Catholic archbishop; several universities, agricultural and forestry college, TH (founded 1956), medical, business, pedagogical college, art academy, etc. Technical colleges; Military academy; Hydraulic engineering institute and others Research institutes; historical, army, revolution, art museum; Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum; Botanical Garden; Theatre; Opera. Industry and trade with high growth rates. In terms of gross domestic product, Hanoi is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Most important financial and banking center in Vietnam; Mechanical engineering, ball bearing factory, manufacture of bicycles, cement factory, fertilizer factory, etc. chemical industry, light bulb factory, rubber industry (car and bicycle tire production), plastics processing, wood, leather, textile and food industry, tobacco processing, Railway repair shops; Transport hub; Noi Bai international airport.
The city, located between several lakes, consists of the Annamite old town in the northeast, interspersed with narrow streets and interspersed with temples and pagodas, the administrative district (apart from the government buildings and barracks) in the northwest and the European district, which was built on the site of the razed citadel (19th century) dominated modern business and residential district in the south. The pagoda of the goddess Quan-Am (“Chua Mot Cot”, founded in 1049; restored in 1955, UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2010), a stone pillar resting on a stone pillar, is one of the oldest and most important architectural monuments in the West, and is heavily influenced by the Chinese Art-influenced pavilion, the cult room of which can be reached via a stone flight of stairs. The Quan-thanh Temple (beginning of the 11th century) is also significant in terms of art history.Temple of Literature, consecrated to Confucius (founded in 1070; present shape mainly 15th century), the former royal “Palace of a Hundred Roofs” (only the stone terrace Kinh-thien with dragon stairs, 11th century). In the vicinity of Hanoi the pagoda dedicated to the Great Buddha or the goddess Quan-Am (probably 13th – 17th centuries) with important wooden sculptures, stone reliefs and carvings.
The area around today’s Hanoi was already settled in prehistoric times; later the Chinese conquerors established centers of power here under changing names. In 1010, Thang Long (UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2010) was built as a residence, later the capital of the Annamite kingdom of Dai Co Viet; it retained this function until 1802, when Huê became the capital of the United Kingdom, Annam. Under the late Ledynasty (1428–1787) the city was called Dong Kinh (after that the first European visitors called the entire region Tongking), in 1831 it was named Ha Noi(“City between two rivers”). Conquered by the French in 1873 and 1882, Hanoi became the administrative seat of the Tongking Protectorate from 1883 and the seat of the Governor General of French Indochina from 1887; Occupied by Japanese 1940–45. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the “Democratic Republic of Vietnam” in Hanoi. In 1954 Hanoi became the capital of North Vietnam (heavily destroyed by American bombing during the Vietnam War), and in 1976 of the united country (the Socialist Republic of Vietnam).
- Abbreviation: HAN
- Country: Vietnam
List of Hanoi Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations for Hanoi is HAN which stands for Hanoi. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Hanoi, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.
|Hanoi||HOU||Hanoi Open University|
|Hanoi||HLU||Hanoi Law University|
|Hanoi||HUCE||Hanoi University of Civil Engineering|
|Hanoi||HYBA||Hanoi Young Business Association|
|Hanoi||HIC||Hanoi International Church|
|Hanoi||HFSU||Hanoi Foreign Studies University|
|Hanoi||HMU||Hanoi Medical University|
|Hanoi||HUE||Hanoi University of Education|
|Hanoi||HPA||Hanoi Plan of Action|
|Hanoi||HUT||Hanoi University of Technology|
|Hanoi||HAU||Hanoi Architectural University|
|Hanoi||HAN||Hanoi, Vietnam – Noibai Airport|