Pyongyang, P’yŏngyang, capital of North Korea, on the Taedonggang, 60 km above its mouth in the Yellow Sea, city province with 2,653 km 2 and (2008) 2.6 million residents.
University (founded in 1946), scientific academy, technical colleges, party college, art, folk art and history museum, libraries. On the basis of the iron ore and anthracite deposits mined in the area, a center of heavy industry with iron and steel production, heavy machinery and tractor construction emerged on the lower reaches of the Taedong Gang between Pyongyang and Namp’o. The industrial structure of the city of Pyongyang itself is shaped more strongly by the consumer goods industry (textile and food industry, household appliances) as well as specialized machine and vehicle construction (including locomotives). Subway, international airport; the nearest port is Namp’o.
Today’s cityscape is characterized by wide boulevards, palatial public buildings and numerous monuments; Business functions take a back seat to this. During the Korean War, the walled city suffered severe damage from air raids. The mountain fortress built on Mount Taesŏng (413–586 forerunners of Pyongyang as the capital of the Koguryŏ dynasty) reminds of the historical importance of Pyongyang. 8 km from Pyongyang, a necropolis with finds from the Hanzeit has been excavated (including lacquer work dated between 85 BC and 102 AD), which is attributed to the Chinese military headquarters in Lelang.
According to legend, Pyongyang, one of the oldest cities in Korea, was founded around 1050 (1122 according to the traditional calendar) BC. Kija (Korea, history) who fled from China was founded. In the area of today’s Pyongyang the center of the 400 BC was already located. First Korean empire Alt-Chosŏn originated in BC. In 427 AD, Pyongyang became the capital of the North Korean kingdom of Koguryŏ. Since the first unification of Korea by the Kingdom of Silla in the 7th century, Pyongyang has only been the regional administrative center of the northwest. During the Japanese rule (1910–45) it developed into an industrial city. In 1948 it became the capital of North Korea.
- Abbreviation: PIA
- Country: North Korea
List of Pyongyang Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations for Pyongyang is PIA which stands for Pyongyang. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Pyongyang, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.
|Pyongyang||PTG||Pyongyang Traffic Girl|
|Pyongyang||PIA||Pyongyang International Airport|
|Pyongyang||FNJ||Pyongyang Sunan International Airport|