Society is a set of individuals who share a culture with their ways of being in life and their ends, and who interact with each other to form a community. Although the most developed societies are the human ones (studied by social sciences such as sociology and anthropology), there are also animal societies (studied by sociobiology or social ethology).
Human societies are formed by population entities whose inhabitants and their surroundings are interrelated in a common project that grants them an identity of belonging. The concept also implies that the group shares ideological, economic and political ties. When analyzing a society, factors such as the degree of development, the technology achieved and the quality of life are taken into account.
Society has existed since the very emergence of Man , although its form of organization has undergone changes throughout history. The society of prehistoric man was organized in a hierarchical way, in which a chief (the strongest or wisest of the group) held power . In Ancient Greece, the absolutist tendency of power began to vary, as the lower classes of society were able to reach certain sectors of prominence in decision-making through democracy.
Recently, in 1789, with the French Revolution, social organization changed radically: since then, anyone can rise to a higher class in society.
It is worth mentioning that the concept of company is also used in the legal and economic sphere, to define the grouping between two or more people who undertake by common agreement to contribute to the development of a commercial activity, with the aim of sharing the gains between them.
In Brazil, the term “limited company” is used to refer to two or more people who have joined together to create a business company, for which a social contract is required that sets out the respective constitutive acts, the share capital, the way it will operate, its rules, etc. In this type of company, the share capital is divided into quotas, so the participation of the partners is limited to the responsibility for paying off the company’s obligations.
Therefore , a limited liability company can be summarized as a company where the share capital is represented by social shares (where the share capital is divided like this) and the partners of this company have a responsibility in the investment that is according to the invested value of the share capital. .
Another type of company existing in Brazil is the corporation (S/A), which has its financial capital divided by shares. Those who purchase shares of this type of company are called shareholders. This type of company must have at least two shareholders.
The corporation is further divided into “publicly held corporation” and “privately held corporation”. The first type has its shares traded openly on the Stock Exchange, for example, while the second type usually has its shares traded between partners and shareholders who have a close relationship with the company’s management.
Dead Poets Society is the title of an American drama film released in 1989, which received the Oscar for best original screenplay.
List of Acronyms Related to Societies