Tehran [ te ː həra ː n, tehə ra ː n], Persian Tehran, Ṭihrán, capital of Iran, from 1100 to 1400 m above sea level, located on the south drop in the Alborz, with (2016) 8690000 Residents (as an agglomeration 13.26 million residents) largest city in Western Asia.
Political and cultural center of the country with several universities (founded 1928, 1932, 1959) and TH, art college, military academy, Institut Pasteur, national library, museums, at the same time economic center with seat of almost all wholesale companies and financial institutions; largest carpet trading center in the world; extensive bazaar (with impressive 19th century buildings); international trade fairs (including book fair). Versatile industry (textiles, shoes, pharmaceuticals, engines, cars, cement, etc.), petroleum refineries, light water reactors. Tehran is the central hub of all overland roads and railway lines. The former Mehrabad International Airport is located west of the city and is now used for domestic (or regional) traffic, the new Imam Khomeini International Airport (IKIA) south of the city went into operation in 2004. The rapid growth of the population and economy has led to major infrastructural problems (especially the supply of water and electrical energy). Despite the most modern road openings and multi-lane boulevards, there are always significant traffic problems. The subway (five lines in 2016; further expansion) brings little relief.
The most important of the many mosques are the Khomeini Mosque (early 19th century) and the Sepah Salar Mosque (mid 19th century). Numerous buildings date from the Qajar period, including the Golestan Palace (late 18th to early 19th century; museum; world cultural heritage since 2013). Modern secular buildings are the Senate Building (1960), the University Library (1971) and the Azadi Memorial (1971) at Mehrabad Airport with an audiovisual museum. The tallest structure (in Iran) is the 435-meter-high Borj-e Milad television tower in the Gisha district, completed in 2007.
Tehran only developed after the Mongols conquered the once important city of Raj (1220). In 1788, under the Qajar dynasty, Tehran became the capital of Persia. As a cosmopolitan city that can hardly be governed any more, with inadequate infrastructure and blatant social contrasts, Tehran became the decisive stage of the Islamic revolution in Iran from 1978-79.
At the Conference of Tehran (November 28th – December 1st, 1943), the first joint conference of F. D. Roosevelt (USA), W. Churchill (Great Britain) and Stalin (USSR) in World War II, that of Stalin from May The establishment of a second front in Europe by landing of Allied troops in Normandy and southern France, which was to take place in the spring of 1944, was demanded in 1942 and assured by the Western Allies in October 1943, coordinated with the simultaneous Soviet offensive. Stalin promised a Soviet participation in the war against Japan after the victory in Europe. In matters of post-war planning, an agreement in principle was reached on the division of Germany and the displacement of Poland to the west. In addition, Stalin showed his willingness to cooperate in the planned United Nations organization and accepted the organizational structure of the “four world policemen ” proposed by Roosevelt.
- Abbreviation: TEH
- Country: Iran
List of Tehran Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations for Tehran is TEH which stands for Tehran. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Tehran, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.
|Tehran||TMIA||Tehran Metropol Interglobal/International Airport|
|Tehran||THR||Tehran, Iran – Mehrabad|
|Tehran||IGTU||Institute of Geophysics Tehran University|
|Tehran||UT||University of Tehran|
|Tehran||UT-2||University of Tehran|
|Tehran||TUMS||Tehran University of Medical Science|
|Tehran||TMCA||Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art|
|Tehran||TCC||Tehran City Council|
|Tehran||TIBF||Tehran International Book Fair|
|Tehran||BJT||Behineh Jouyan Tehran|
|Tehran||TIIE||Tehran International Industry Exhibition|
|Tehran||TASA||Tehran American School Association|