What is game?
Game is a term from the Latin “ jocus ” which means joke, play, fun. The concept of game consists of a physical or intellectual activity formed by a set of rules and defines an individual (or a group) as a winner and another as a loser.
Games can be used for educational purposes to convey a sense of respect for the rules and the message that in a dispute between opponents there will always be one who loses and another who wins.
Some examples of games are: chess, football, checkers, musical chairs, volleyball, etc.
Electronic games and computer games are sought after by players of all ages, to play alone or, for example, in online games, with opponents from all over the world.
It is a stimulating and fun activity. But, like gambling, electronic games can cause addiction, in addition to negative effects (violence, depression, fear, health risks, etc.) in certain cases.
Competitive Games are those where there are winners and losers. Its main purpose is to encourage fair competition among participants and learn to deal with victories and defeats.
It is important to develop the educational aspect of games, to teach children and adolescents that losing or winning is part of the game and is not the most relevant, but making everyone work towards a common goal.
In competitive games different skills of competitors must be stimulated. Intellectual games, games that stimulate reflexes, strategy games, sports, among others, are good opportunities to develop different skills.
Even in competitive games one should avoid competition as the only motivation. Competitive games can be educational when working on their relationship with ethical values, fair play and avoiding excessive appreciation of winners and losers.
The objective is to encourage not only competitiveness, but especially reasoning and respect for the rules. In the case of collective games, also collaboration and teamwork.
One of the risks of competitive games is to lead individuals into a climate of rivalry. The game can only focus on victory, thus causing a high level of anguish, aggression and the exclusion of participants understood as less able.
Examples of competitive games
Competitive games are all those in which there is a contest for victory. Some examples of competitive games are:
- Stop, adedanha/adedanha
- Picnic games (tag, tag, tag, hide and seek, etc.)
- Card games (truco, sueca, hole, hearts out, etc.)
- Sports (volleyball, football, basketball, table tennis, judo, etc.)
What are Cooperative Games?
As opposed to competitive games, where participants must compete with each other to succeed, in cooperative games, everyone must collaborate with each other so that they can be champions.
Group dynamics are the basis of cooperative games, which aim to raise awareness of cooperation among participants, a feeling of solidarity and support among people.
Participants in competitive games consider other players to be adversaries, while people involved in cooperative games relate other players to partners.
List of Acronyms Related to Gaming