You may have heard the word “ acronym”, but you are
not quite sure what it means. Or maybe at school you have been asked to
do a homework on acronyms... the truth is that you
have come this far following them, and we are going to answer all your
questions: what is an acronym? How are they formed? And
of course, examples of acronyms that will help you
understand them better...
You just have to keep reading, in a few minutes you will have no
doubt about the meaning of acronym.
What is an acronym?
An acronym is a word formed by combining
parts of two words, or an acronym that is pronounced like a word and is
commonly used as such. Let's understand it better with two
- Acronym formed by the union of two words: INFORMÁTICA , formed by information and automatic .
- Acronym from an acronym: UFO, for N or I dentified Flying Object
Difference between acronym and acronym
But not all acronyms are acronyms. For an acronym
to become an acronym, it must be read as a
word, and must be words in common use. Let's
continue with the example from before: OVNI stopped being the acronym
for Unidentified Flying Object, to become a word in itself, and be
written as such: OVNI
But other acronyms in common use, such as DNA or DNI are not
acronyms, because each letter must be read separately.
How are acronyms formed?
Acronyms can be made up of two nouns, such as motel, from the English motor and hotel. Or
they can be made up of a noun and an adjective, like computing. They
can also arise from the union of two adjectives: portuñol,
from Portuguese and Spanish.
From the grammatical and spelling point of view, the acronyms
follow the rules of the Spanish language regarding the formation of the
plural (ufo-ufnis) and accentuation (laser). As for the
gender, it is usually that of its main element. In the case of acronyms from
acronyms, being for all intents and purposes common words, they are no
longer written in capital letters (like acronyms). They only keep the
initial capital letter in the case of names of institutions or
organizations (Unesco, Unicef)
Examples of acronyms
We already have a very clear definition of an acronym. It's
time to see a list of acronyms... I'm sure some of
them will surprise you...
Examples of acronyms from an acronym
- Unesco (United Nations E ducational, S cientific and C ultural O rganization)
- UFO (Flying Object N or I identified)
- Laser (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of R adiation)
- AIDS (AcquiredImmune Syndrome) _ _ _
- Unicef (United Nations International Children ’s Emergency Fund) _ _ _
- LED (Light Emitting Diode) _
- sonar (Soundand Navigation and Ranging)
- Radar (Radio Detection and Ranging)_ _
- Ave (Spanish HighSpeed) _
- Fifa (Fédération Internationale de F ootball A
- Renfe (National Network of Spanish
- bit (Binary digi t)
- Gestapo (Geheime Sta ats po lizei)
- Nascar (National A ssociation for Stock Car A uto R acing)
- pin (Personal I dentification Number)
- pyme(small and medium -
- ram (Random Access Memory) _
- vip (Very Important Person) _
- uci (I ntensive Care Unit)
Examples of acronyms from two words
- telematics (telecommunication+ informatics)
- emoticon (from English emoticon: emotion + icon)
- office automation (office + informa tics)
- informatics (information+ automatic)
- brexit (britain+ exit)
- docudrama (documentary+ dramatic)
- motel (motor+ hotel)
- muppet (television+ doll)
- transistor (transfer +resistor)
- modem (modulator+ demodulator)
- pulsing (pulsing+ st ar)
- quasar or quasar (quasi stell ar radio
The abbreviations and acronyms
Do you receive abbreviations and acronyms on your mobile and do
not know what they mean? Despite knowing English, do you not understand
many of the emails you receive? Don't worry, we're going to give you a
list of the most common ones so you don't stay offline again;-)
First of all, we are going to give you a brief introduction of what
abbreviations and acronyms are:
Abbreviations are shortened versions of a word or phrase. They are
used in writing to represent a word briefly.
Acronyms are shortened phrases. They are usually created by taking
the first words of the sentence.
Here is a list of the most common abbreviations and acronyms in
English so that you are up to date:
- AD/CE - Anno Domini/Common Era - Year of the
Lord or After Christ.
- AFAIK - As Far As I Know - As far as I know.
- AFC - Away From Computer - Away from the
- AFK - Away From Keyboard - Away from the
- AKA - Also Known As - Also known as.
- ALOL - Actually Laughing Out Loud - Laughing
- AM - Ante-Meridiem - Before noon (a.m.)
- AOTA - All Of The Above -All of the above.
- ASAP - As Soon As Possible - As soon as
- BA / BSC - Bachelor of Arts / Bachelor of
Sciences - Graduate or graduate in a discipline of Arts or Sciences.
- BC / BCE - Before Christ / Before Common Era -
Before Christ or Before the Common Era.
- BBIAB - Be Back In A Bit - I'll be back in a
- BBL - Be Back Later - I'll be back later.
- BBS - Be Back Soon - I'll be back soon.
- BB4N - Bye-Bye For Now - Goodbye.
- BFF - Best Friend Forever - Best friends
- BRB - Be Right Back - I'll be right back.
- BTW - By The Way - By the way.
- BYOB - Bring Your Own Bottle - Bring your own
- B4 - Before - Before.
- CEO - Chief Executive officer - Executive
- CFO - Chief Financial officer - Financial
- COO -Chief Operating officer - Chief of
- COB - Close Of Business - At the end of the
- CPC -Cost per click - Cost per Click.
- CTA -Call to action - Call to action.
- CTR -Click Through Rate - Percentage of
- CU - See You - See you.
- CUZ - Because - Because.
- CYL - See You Later - See you later.
- DIY - Do It Yourself - Do it yourself.
- DKDC - Don't Know, Don't Care - I don't know
and I don't care.
- DM / PM - "Direct Message" or "Private Message
me" - "Send me a direct message" or "Answer me privately".
- DOB - Date of Birth - Date of birth.
- EFL - English as a Foreign Language- English
as a foreign language.
- EZ - Easy - Easy.
- EOB - End of business - End of the working
- EOD - End of day: End of the day.
- EPS - Earnings per share- Earnings per share.
- ESOL - English to Speakers of other Languages
- English for speakers of other languages.
- ESL - English as a second Language - English
as a second language.
- ESP - Email service provider - Email service
- ETA - Estimated time of arrival - Estimated
time of arrival.
- EU - European Union - European Union (EU)
- FAQs - Frequently asked questions - Frequently
- FTE - Full-time employee - Full-time employee.
- FTF - Face to Face - Face to Face.
- FYI - For Your Information - For your
- F2F - Face to Face - Face to face.
- GA - Go Ahead - Keep going.
- GDP - Gross Domestic Product - Gross Domestic
- GIYF - Google is your friend - Google is your
- GJ - Good Job - Good job.
- GL - Good Luck - Good luck.
- GNP - Gross National Product - Gross National
- GR8 - Great - Great.
- HAGD - Have A Good Day - Have a good day.
- HB - Hurry Back - Hurry up.
- HBD - Happy Birthday - Happy Birthday.
- HMU - Hit me up - Give me a touch.
- HR - Human resources - Human resources RR.HH.
- HRM - Human Resources Manager - Human
- IAC - In any case - In any case.
- IDC - I Don't Care - I don't care.
- IDM - It doesn't matter - It doesn't matter.
- IDK - I Don't Know - I don't know.
- IHM - I Hate Myself - I hate myself.
- ILU/ILY - I Love You - I love you.
- IMHO - In My Honest/Humble Opinion - In my
honest or humble opinion.
- IMO - In My Opinion - In my opinion.
- ISP - Internet Service Provider - Internet
- JIC - Just in case - Just in case.
- JK - Just Kidding - Just kidding.
- JTC - Just To Confirm - Just to confirm it.
- JTLYK - Just To Let You Know - Just so you
- K - Okay - Okay.
- KIT - Keep In Touch - We are in touch.
- KMP - Keep Me Posted - Keep me informed.
- KPI - Key performance indicator - Key
performance or efficiency indicator.
- LLC - Limited liability Company - Limited
- LMAO - Laughing My Ass Off - Laughing my ass
- LMK - Let Me Know - Let me know.
- LOL - Laugh Out Loud - Laugh out loud.
- LTNS - Long Time No See - A long time without
- L8R - Later - Later.
- MA / MSc - Master of Arts / Master of Sciences
- Master's degree in a discipline of Arts or Sciences.
- MILE -Maximum impact, little effort - Maximum
impact, little effort.
- MoM -Month-on-month - Month by month.
- MOO -My Own Opinion - My opinion.
- MOOC -Massive open online course - Massive and
open online courses.
- MSRP -Manufacturer's suggested retail price -
Suggested retail price.
- MTF -More To Follow - More to follow.
- MYOB -Mind Your Own Business - Mind your own
- NATO - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
- NEET - Not in employment, education or
training - Neither works nor studies nor receives training.
- NBD - No Big Deal - Not a big deal.
- NDA - Non-disclosure agreement -
- NGO - Non-Governmental Organization -
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)
- NIM - Not In the Mood - I'm not in the mood.
- NOI - Net operating income - Net operating
- NP - No Problem - There is no problem.
- NRN - No reply necessary - No reply needed.
- NVM - Never Mind - Doesn't matter.
- NW -No Way! - There is no possible way, no
- N/A - Not applicable - Not applicable.
- N1 - Nice One - Nice move.
- OMDB - Over My Dead Body - Above my dead body.
- OMG - Oh My God - Oh My God!
- OMW - On My Way - On the way.
- ORLY - Oh Really? - Really?
- PAW - Parents Are Watching - Parents watching.
- PhD - A Doctorate Degree - Doctorate.
- PIC - Picture - Image.
- PM - Private Message - Private message.
- PM - Project manager - Project manager.
- PM - Post-Meridiem - After noon (p.m.)
- PMS - Premenstrual Stress - Premenstrual
- PMT - Premenstrual Tension - Premenstrual
- POV - Point Of View - Point of view.
- PPC - Pay per Click - Payment that is obtained
from each time a user clicks on an ad.
- PPL - People - People.
- PR - Public relations - Public relations
- PTE - Part-time employee - Part-time employee.
- QC - Quality control - Quality control.
- QOTD - Quote Of The Day - Phrase of the week.
- Q4Y - Question for you - A question for you.
- RFP - Request for proposal - Request for
- ROFL - Rolling on the Floor Laughing - Rolling
on the floor laughing.
- ROI - Return on investment - Return on
- ROTF - Rolling On The Floor - Dying with
- RRP - Recommended retail Price - Suggested
retail price to the public.
- RUT - Are you there? - Are you there?
- R&D - Research and development - Research and
- SEM - Search engine marketing - Paid ads in
- SEO - Search engine optimization - Search
- SETE - Smiling Ear To Ear - Smiling from ear
- SIT - Stay In Touch - Keep in touch.
- SLA - Service level agreement - Service level
- SMM - Social media marketing - Marketing in
- SPF - Solar Protection Factor - Sun Protection
- SPST - Same Place Same Time - Same place, same
- SSDD - Same Stuff Different Day - Same stuff,
- SWOT - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities,
Threats - Weaknesses, Threats, Strengths, Opportunities (SWOT).
- TBA - To be announced - Pending to be
- TBC - To be confirmed - Pending to be
- TBD - To be defined/determined - Pending to be
- TBH - To be honest - To be honest.
- TGIF - Thank God Is Friday - Thank God it's
- THX - Thanks - Thank you.
- TIA - Thanks in Advance - Thanks in advance.
- TL; DR - Too long, didn't read - Too long, I
haven't read it.
- TMI - Too Much Information - Too much
- TOS - Terms of service - Terms of service.
- TOY - Thinking Of You - Thinking of you.
- TTFN - Ta Ta For Now - See you later!
- TTYL - Talk To You Later - We'll talk later.
- UFO - Unidentified Flying Object -
Unidentified flying object (UFO)
- UN - United Nations - United Nations (UN)
- VAT - Value added tax - Value added tax.
- WFM - Works for me - For me it's fine like
- VIP - Very Important Person - Very important
- WoW - Week-on-week - Week by week.
- VPN - Virtual private network - VPN
- WAD - Without A Doubt - Without a doubt.
- WB - Welcome Back - Welcome back.
- WDYT - What Do You Think? - What do you think?
- WFM - Works For Me - For me it's fine like
- WHO - World Health Organization - World Health
- WP - Well Play - Well played.
- WTB - Want To Buy - I want to buy.
- WTF - What The Fuck? - What the hell!?
- XOXO - Hugs and kisses - Kisses and hugs.
- And - Why - Why.
- YOLO - You Only Live Once - You only live
- YoY - Year-on-year - Year by year.
- YOYO - You're On Your Own - You're in this
- YVW - You're Very Welcome - You're welcome.
- ZUP - What's up? - What's happening.
- ZZZZ - sleeping or bored - Dream or boredom.