We explain what acronyms are, what they are for, their characteristics and various examples. Also, abbreviations and acronyms.
What are acronyms?
Acronyms are words composed from the initial letters of the words that form a complete name. That is, a way to abbreviate in a single term the total of the words used to name an institution, a body or a country, taking into account only the initial letters of its main terms.
Thus, for example, to refer to the World Health Organization, we can speak of the WHO, which would be its acronym. Note that we have not taken into account "of" or "the", as they are secondary terms of the full name, and we only abbreviate Organization, World and Health.
However, it is possible to find specific cases of acronyms that take into account one or several secondary terms, especially when this gives the pronunciation a certain necessary sonority, as in the case of the acronym “ PyME ”: Small and Medium Enterprises. Without taking into account the "and", the word would be more difficult to pronounce.
Acronyms are a form of language simplification, very common in both oral and written discourse, which should not be confused with acronyms, or with abbreviations.
Characteristics of acronyms
Acronyms are characterized by the following:
Examples of acronyms
Some examples of acronyms are:
Acronyms and abbreviations
Acronyms and abbreviations are not exactly the same, although they operate in a very similar way. Just as acronyms take the first letter of the words that make up a name to make a shorter version, abbreviations do the same, but with any type of word, word, expression or title, in order to make it more succinct at the time. to write
Thus, abbreviations are usually followed by a dot, to indicate that there is an omitted text, and they can use special characters to designate some specific relationship within the abbreviation. For example:
More in: Abbreviations
Acronyms and acronyms
Finally, we must distinguish acronyms from acronyms, which are basically a type of acronym, only that they also take into account the less important terms to abbreviate the words of a name, or take more letters than just the first ones. Thus, they constitute an abbreviated term that is read like an ordinary word, without respecting the original capital letters.
Many times, the acronyms end up being acronyms, so common that their use is made, and they start to be written in an ordinary way, almost forgetting that they are the acronyms of something else. Thus, examples of acronyms are: