Iran Abbreviations

IR is the abbreviation for Iran, the 17th largest country in the world. Officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran is a country located in Middle East (Western Asia), bordering 7 countries – Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan. Tehran is the capital city of Iran. Top 10 biggest cities are Tehran (population: 7,153,298), Mashhad (population: 2,307,166), Isfahan (population: 1,547,153), Karaj (population: 1,448,064), Tabriz (population: 1,424,630), Shiraz (population: 1,249,931), Qom (population: 900,011), Ahvāz (population: 841,134), Pasragad Branch (population: 787,867), and Kahrīz (population: 766,695).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Tehran
  • Language: Persian
  • Area: 1,648,195 km2
  • Population: 82,531,711
  • Currency: Rial (IRR)
  • Time zone: UTC+3:30
  • Calling code: 98
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: IR
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: IRN
  • Internet TLD: .ir
  • State Government Website: http://en.iran.ir

Map of Iran

List of Iran Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Iran are IR which stands for Iran and IRR which means Rial (Iran currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Iran, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

IR: Iran

Abbreviation Meaning
ASIJ Academic Society of Iranians in Japan
AIIRS American Institute of Iranian Studies
APDO Anti-Perspirant/Deodorant
AOIJ Association of Iranian Journalists
AIAP Association of Iranian-American Professionals
APSIH Association of Professors and Scholars of Iranian Heritage
BLFGE Bandeirantes Landfill Gas to Energy
BPSV Bay of Piran Shrimp Virus
BACAM Bishop’s Advisory Committee on Aspirants to the Ministry
BDA Bouffée Délirante Aiguë
BIBA British-Iranian Business Association
CAIS Centre for Arab and Iranian Studies
CAIS Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
CHAIR Committee for Humanitarian Assistance to Iranian Refugees
CISF Community of Iranian Soccer Fans
CISADA Comprehensive Iran Sanctions Accountability and Divestment Act of 2010
CIAJO Council of Iranian-American Jewish Organizations
CII Counter Iranian Influence
EPCI Export Promotion Center of Iran
FPAIRI Family Planning Association of Islamic Republic of Iran
FIFH Fearless Iranians from Hell
GFI Green Front of Iran
GGCC Guarapiranga Golf & Country Club
HFI Healing for Iran
IIR Indo-Iranian
IKM Institut Kemahiran MARA
IFIR International Federation of Iranian Refugees
IFIRIC International Federation of Iranian Refugees and Immigrants Councils
IR Iran
IRA Iran Air
IR Iran Air
IASCO Iran Alloy Steel Co.
IBCCI Iran and Belgium Chamber of Commerce and Industry
ISNA Iran and Syria Nonproliferation Act
ICIIC Iran Chemical Industries Investment Company
ICPA Iran Counter-Proliferation Act of 2007
ICHO Iran Cultural Heritage Organisation
IFIC Iran Foreign Investment Co.
IFSA Iran Freedom Support Act of 2006
IIEC Iran International Exhibitions Company
IJN Iran Journal of Nursing
IKCO Iran Khodro Company
IMICO Iran Marine Industrial Company
INLN Iran Nanotechnology Laboratory Network
INOC Iran National Oil Company
IPSC Iran Philatelic Study Circle
IPMC Iran Piston Manufacturing Company
IPS Iran Press Service
ISPCA Iran Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
IRST Iran Standard Time
IWEO Iran Wildlife Experts Organization
IAES Iranian Agricultural Economics Society
IAAB Iranian Alliances Across Borders
IACA Iranian American Community Alliance
IAMA Iranian American Medical Association
IAPAC Iranian American Political Action Committee
IACR Iranian Assets Control Regulations
IBBH Iranian Boys Black Hat
ICCA Iranian Canadian Cultural Association
ICAO Iranian Community Association of Ontario
ICBME Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering
ICCA Iranian Cultural Community of Austin
ICDA Iranian Curriculum Development Association
IDEM Iranian Diesel Engine Manufacturing Co
IEJUG Iranian Enterprise Java Users Group
IFCO Iranian Fuel Consumption Organization
IGDS Iranian Graphic Designers Society
IHRC Iranian Human Rights Consortium
IICA Iranian Institute of Certified Accountants
IIRR Iranian Islamic Republic Railway
IJPAC Iranian Jewish Public Affairs Committee
IJWO Iranian Jewish Women’s Organization
IJECE Iranian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
IJEEE Iranian Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
IJME Iranian Journal of Medical Education
IJMP Iranian Journal of Medical Physics
IJPS Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
IJR Iranian Journal of Radiology
ILCO Iranian Light Crude Oil
IMLA Iranian Medical Laser Association
IMAN Iranian Muslim Association of North America
IRCOLD Iranian National Committee on Large Dams
INOC Iranian National Oil Company
IOOC Iranian Offshore Oil Company
IOSSD Iranian Open Source Software Developers
IPS Iranian Petroleum Standard
IROST Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology
IRGCN Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy
ISCE Iranian Society of Consulting Engineers
ISME Iranian Society of Mechanical Engineers
IRSO Iranian Society of Ophthalmology
ISCEE Iranian Student Conference on Electrical Engineering
ISAG Iranian Students Association at University of Guelph
ISACU Iranian Students Association of Carleton University
ISCA Iranian Students Cultural Association
ISACU Iranian Students’ Association of Concordia University
ISNA Iranian Students’ News Agency
IVMA Iranian Veterinary Medical Association
IWSN Iranian Workers’ Solidarity Network
IYCS Iranian Young Cinema Society
IZI Iranian Zionists in Israel
IABA Iranian-American Bar Association
IACS Iranian-American Cultural Society of Maryland, Inc.
IBMC Iranian-British Medical Communication Association
ILSA Iran-Libya Sanctions Act of 1996
IIPP Islamic Iran Participation Party
IR Islamic Republic of Iran
IRINA Islamic Republic of Iran Army
IRIA Islamic Republic of Iran Army
IRIB Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting
IRIBW Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting Website
IRIR Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
JPK Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran
JMT Johnson, Mirmiran, & Thompson
MISA McGill Iranian Students Association
MJIRI Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
MOI Meteorological Organization of Iran
MC Miranda Cosgrove
NICO Naftiran Intertrade Co Ltd
NCRI National Council of Resistance of Iran
NIAC National Iranian American Council
NICOC National Iranian Central Oilfields Company
NIDC National Iranian Drilling Company
NIGC National Iranian Gas Company
NIOPDC National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company
NISOC National Iranian South Oil Company
NPCI National Petrochemical Company of Iran
NRCI National Resistance Council of Iran
NIKI Network of Iranians for Knowledge and Innovation
PMMP Paulan ja Miran Molemmat Puolet
PKPA Pekeliling Kemajuan Pentadbiran Awam
PM Plaza Miranda
ROUTE Radio Tirana
RT Radio Tirana
RIPAS Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha
RMJM Rakan Muda Jiran Muda
RGCI Revolutionary Guards Corps of Iran
RRII Rice Research Institute of Iran
S-2 Sangiran Hominid 2
SIAP Society of Iranian Architects & Planners
SUGIA Study Group for Iranian Affairs
SARS Sveze Amputirana Ruka Satriania
THR Tehran, Iran – Mehrabad
TBUS Tirana Business University
UKP UNESCO Klub Piran
UPA Unit Pentadbiran Am
UANI United Against Nuclear Iran
UNYT University of New York, Tirana
WIDC Washington Iranian Dental Club
ZMI Zendegi Mosbat Iranian

Geography

Much of Iran is a desert plateau central to the country, surrounded by mountain ranges and high passports. The Caspian Sea coast is narrow. The flat, cultivable areas are located on the coast of the Caspian Sea and the Gulf of Persia. At the Gulf of Persia, date palms and other fruit trees are grown.

The climate in Iran varies between the highlands, where it is often snowy and cold, and the lowlands where it can be up to 40-50 degrees of heat. The climate is dry in large parts of the country, and rain is most common in the winter months. Strong winds are common, and in the summer wind gusts can reach a speed of 45 meters per second – far above hurricane strength.

The country is subject to severe and devastating earthquakes. Due to oil spills during the Gulf War, the Gulf of Persia is still heavily polluted. CO 2 emissions from cars, parallel to the pollution from oil and heavy industry, has weakened the quality of air, especially in cities. The capital Tehran is ranked as one of the world’s most polluted cities.

History

Formerly called Persia, Iran was the world’s largest and most powerful dominion of ancient times. The country has been ruled by a number of dynasties and was under Mongolian rule for over 300 years. During World War II, British and Soviet troops invaded the area. In 1953, there was a British-American coup where the prime minister was deposed, and a Western Allied king was deployed. The dissatisfaction with Shaen’s (king’s) policy and his attempt to westernize Iranian society led in 1979 to the Iranian revolution. Shaen was forced to leave the country and Ayatollah Khomeini took power. A new dictatorship emerged, independent of Western domination, but at the same time introduced a form of Islamist rule in the country. The same year as the Revolution, a group of students occupied the US Embassy in Tehran, and the students took around 50 hostages. Since then, Iran-US relations have been tense.

In 1980, Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein, went to war against Iran. This war is often called the First Gulf War, and it lasted for eight years. Around 400,000 people lost their lives and material costs after the war were enormous.

Society and politics

Iran is a constitutional priesthood without democratic elections. After the 1979 revolution, the country has had two spiritual leaders, ayatolls, who sit for life. The Ayatollah is the top chief in the country, and he controls the judiciary, the media, the police and the military. Neither the priests nor the Ayatollah are chosen by the people. The country’s executive power – the president, and the country’s parliament – Lajlis-e-Shura e Islami, are elected by the people every four years, but candidates must be approved by the priesthood and it is therefore not democratic. The 1979 Constitution states that Islamic law, sharia, is superior to all laws of society.

In recent times, Iran has been characterized by a power struggle between the conservative clergy and the more liberal elected officials. In 2004, international sanctions were imposed on Iran. The reason was suspected of the Iranian nuclear weapons program, as well as allegations of Iranian support to the Hezbollah military organization. For a long time, Iran was accused of developing nuclear weapons, while the authorities claimed that there were only peaceful purposes for the nuclear projects. In 2015, Iran signed an agreement to stop enriching uranium in large quantities. This was approved by the UN in 2016, and international sanctions were removed. Since Donald Trump became president of the United States, the United States has reintroduced sanctions on the country.

Freedom of expression and the right to organize in Iran are very limited. Authorities violate human rights, and hundreds of political prisoners are imprisoned. The death penalty is common.

Economics and Commerce

Iran plays an important role in the world economy because of its large reserves of oil and natural gas. In the mid-1970s, a law was passed on the complete nationalization of the oil industry, and since then the oil industry has been Iran’s largest source of income. The oil deposits, as well as the country’s strategic location have created a number of problems nationally and internationally.

Dependence on oil exports makes the country’s economy vulnerable to fluctuations in world oil prices, and in the mid-2000s, the economy was hit hard by international sanctions and a fall in oil prices. Sanctions against the country have reduced oil exports to half of what they once were. Obstacles such as deficits in the public sector and the practice of Islamic law have hampered Iran’s participation in the world market. Unemployment in the country is high, and many Iranians are therefore seeking work abroad.

UN RPGs

The UN Association is offering a role-playing game for the 2019-20 school year in which students will try to resolve a conflict within the UN Security Council (Iran and the nuclear issue). Iran is not a member of the Security Council but is invited to the debate because the conflict concerns their country. The following sections are information related to this role-playing game.

Foreign policy and relations with the Security Council countries

Iran has a poor relationship with the West in general, and with the United States and the United Kingdom in particular. Relations with the United States were completely reversed at the head of the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979. Since then, there has been an open hostility between the two countries. Iran has designated the United States as the “Great Satan”, while in the period after September 11, the United States designated Iran as a member of the “axis of evil”.

In the conflict with the United States, Iran is trying to gather both Shia and Sunni Islamic opposition in the Middle East, against what the country sees as still Western imperialism and illegal interference in the region. Israel is part of this contradiction as an obedient ally of the United States (the “Little Satan”), and is today the greatest regional threat to Iran’s security. According to Iran, the right turn in Israeli politics in recent years has helped sharpen America’s hostile rhetoric against the country.

Iran has a relatively good relationship with the veto powers Russia and China. Russia has historically played an important role in the development of the country’s nuclear program, while China has remained an important trading partner during periods when other countries have failed. Although China and Russia share the West’s view that Iran should refrain from developing nuclear weapons, the attitude is also that Iran has a self-imposed right to hold civilian nuclear technology programs. Russia and China have been more skeptical than many other Security Council countries in imposing financial sanctions on Iran, and China in particular has invested significant sums of money in the Iranian oil industry.

Iran is involved in a number of regional conflicts in the Middle East. After the Arab Spring (from 2011), Iran has strengthened its role in many countries. The country, along with Russia, played a crucial military role on President Assad’s side in the civil war in Syria, and through this war has also strengthened its ties with Hezbollah in Lebanon. Iran has also supported the Houthi rebels during the war in Yemen, and increased its influence in neighboring Iraq. In particular, the war in Yemen has brought Iran into open opposition to its second major rival in the region next to Israel – namely Saudi Arabia.

Tips

Iran is strongly critical of the US withdrawing from the nuclear deal and imposing severe financial sanctions on the country. Iran describes the sanctions as illegal and as “economic terrorism”. Iran believes that they have fulfilled all their obligations in relation to the nuclear agreement, and that it is the United States that must take responsibility for Iran also breaking parts of the agreement.

Iran is trying to play Europe and the US against each other on the issue of financial sanctions. They do this by demanding that the major EU countries Germany, France and the United Kingdom align the alternative trade mechanism INSTEX in such a way that the US sanctions do not destroy the Iranian economy. To achieve this, Iran demands that oil sales be included in INSTEX as soon as possible. Iran threatens that if oil sales are not included in the deal, it will breach those parts of the agreement that include the restrictions on enriching uranium.

The nuclear deal puts clear restrictions on Iran on how much uranium the country is allowed to enrich and what percentage they are allowed to enrich the uranium. The issue of uranium enrichment is very sensitive, as it is this that largely determines whether Iran can make a nuclear bomb. If you enrich uranium to 4%, at the same time you have done over 80% of the job to make uranium for weapons purposes. Enriching to 20% is approx. 92% of the work done, and then there is not much extra effort left before having a weapons uran (90% enrichment).

The nuclear deal states that Iran can store up to 300 kilos of uranium enriched at 3.67%. In July 2019, Iran announced that they would enrich uranium up to 5% to meet the need for fuel in its Bushehr civil nuclear plant. This is a clear breach of the nuclear deal, and Iran has said they may soon increase its enrichment even further. Iran has a research reactor in Tehran that needs 20% enriched uranium, and if the country enriches the uranium itself, there is an even clearer breach of the nuclear deal.

It is possible for Iran to continue to increase its enrichment of uranium incrementally, thus increasing pressure on European countries to help more to avoid the economic sanctions. But there is also a risk that these countries, or the other parties to the nuclear deal, will at one time or another accuse Iran of such a breach of the agreement that they propose to reintroduce UN sanctions. Iran must therefore think carefully about whether they want to continue to increase the enrichment of uranium beyond what they have already done. It is natural for Iran to ask for help from China and Russia to bypass the US economic sanctions as well.

In the big picture, Iran has said that the economic sanctions against the country are now reducing the country’s ability to help Afghan refugees, as well as stopping the smuggling of drugs from Asia to Europe (especially heroin). The country thus suggests that there may be an increase in the flow of refugees and a strengthening of criminal activity in Europe as a result of the US sanctions.

Iran strongly denies that they have a nuclear weapons program that they hide from the Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the outside world. They deny that there are secret nuclear facilities that are out of control, and believe Israel’s theft of the so-called Amad archive in Tehran was only a convenient pretext for speeding up the US decision to withdraw from the deal. In reality, the archive contains nothing but old claims that are no longer valid. When Iran is accused of having unnatural missiles and defense systems to protect its nuclear facilities, Iran believes this is a necessary deterrent to prevent Israel from illegally attacking the facilities (as they did in Iraq in 1981).

Iran’s missile program and missile exports to other countries were one of the main reasons the US withdrew from the nuclear deal in 2018. Although rockets are not explicitly mentioned in the nuclear deal, the UN Security Council mentioned a concern when the council approved the nuclear deal in July 2015. This concern states that “Iran will not undertake any activities that will allow missiles to carry nuclear weapons” until 2023. Iran refuses to talk about this point, as missiles form an essential part of its defense system and are considered essential to counterbalance the regional rivals Israel, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. While Iran has for decades been prevented from modernizing its air force because of various international sanctions,

In the case of ships that have been damaged in attacks at sea in the Persian Gulf, Iran denies that they are behind these attacks. They believe they have the right to arrest ships suspected of smuggling, and that they are allowed to close the Hormuz Strait to look after their own coast. Iran invokes this right, among other things. because they have not signed the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Regarding the Iranian tanker arrested in June 2019 by British authorities in Gibraltar, Iran believes that this was an illegal act staged by the United States.

Iran has been an avid advocate for the establishment of a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East as soon as possible. The country believes that reluctance in Israel and the West are the main obstacles to this happening. Stability in the region cannot be achieved as long as there is a massive imbalance in military resources between countries, and where a threatening Israel alone holds nuclear weapons. Iran points out that a massive majority of the world’s countries support the proposal for a nuclear-free zone, and believes that a UN-led conference must be held soon to create the zone despite Israel’s resistance.

When it comes to nuclear disarmament in general, Iran is disappointed by the nuclear weapons states’ unwillingness to take action as a moons. Iran believes that nuclear weapons states too often resort to rhetoric to justify continuing to own the weapons, while at the same time using threats and power to prevent other countries from acquiring such. Iran believes it is a shame that the Non-Proliferation Treaty appears to discriminate against countries with and without nuclear weapons. The country believes that the practice of discriminating between countries will continue to weaken the legitimacy of the agreement if a drastic change is not made soon.

Abbreviation Archives