Cambodia Country Abbreviations

KH is the abbreviation for Cambodia, the 88th largest country in the world. Officially Kingdom of Cambodia, Cambodia is a country located in Southeast Asia, bordering 3 countries – Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. Phnom Penh is the capital city of Cambodia. Other major cities include Phnom Penh (population: 1,573,544), Takeo (population: 843,931), Kampong Saom (population: 156,691), Battambang (population: 150,444), Siem Reap (population: 139,458), Poipet (population: 79,000), Kampong Chhnang (population: 75,244), Kampong Cham (population: 61,750), Pursat (population: 52,476), and Ta Khmau (population: 52,066).

Country Profile

  • Capital: Phnom Penh
  • Language: Khmer
  • Area: 181,035 km2
  • Population: 16,289,270
  • Currency: Riel (KHR)
  • Time zone: UTC+7
  • Calling code: 855
  • ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: KH
  • UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: KHM
  • Internet TLD: .kh
  • State Government Website:

Map of Cambodia

List of Cambodia Acronyms

The most commonly used abbreviations about Cambodia are KH which stands for Cambodia and KHR which means Riel (Cambodia currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Cambodia, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.

KH: Cambodia

Acronym Meaning
ABMA All Burma Monks’ Alliance
ABBA America Burma Buddhist Association
ADDB Associates to Develop Democratic Burma
BBTC Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Ltd
BM Burma
MMR Burma
BUR Burma
BAF Burma American Fund
BBC Burma Border Consortium
BCEA Burma Central Executive Administration
BEW Burma Economic Watch
BLC Burma Lawyers Council
BNN Burma News Network
BGT Burmah Gas Transport, Ltd
CLMT Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand
CLMV Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam
CBI China-Burma-India
CRCM Christian Reformed Church in Myanmar
CPB Communist Party of Burma
DAB Democratic Alliance of Burma
DVB Democratic Voice of Burma
FIML Financial Institutions of Myanmar Law
FDB Forum for Democracy in Burma
FHAM Fund for HIV/AIDS in Myanmar
HMP Hope Myanmar Partnership
IBP Indo Burma Petroleum Company Ltd
IMBTU Indo-Myanmar Border Traders’ Union
JMTC Japan-Myanmar Traditional Cultural
JBS Journal of Burma Studies
LTBA Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area
MOB Mission of Burma
MM Myanmar
BM Myanmar
MYA Myanmar
MADB Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank
MAS Myanmar Agricultural Service
MAI Myanmar Airway International
UBA Myanmar Airways
UB Myanmar Airways
MCPA Myanmar Computer Professionals Association
MCAB Myanmar Cultural Association of Brampton
MEHL Myanmar Economic Holdings, Ltd.
MERB Myanmar Education Research Bureau
MEPE Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise
MFF Myanmar Fisheries Federation
MIT Myanmar Institute of Theology
KT Myanmar Kyat
MMK Myanmar Kyat
MLF Myanmar Livestock Federation
MMA Myanmar Medical Association
MNDA Myanmar National Democracy Alliance
MRTV Myanmar Radio and Television
MRMA Myanmar Rice Millers Association
MRTA Myanmar Rice Traders Association
MWJA Myanmar Writers and Journalists Association
MYCS Myanmar Young Catholic Students
NCGUB National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma
NLM New Light of Myanmar
OBL Online Burma/Myanmar Library
OBL Online Burma/Myanmar Library
PTB Proto-Tibeto-Burman
RUM Republic of the Union of Myanmar
SCBF Sacred Cat of Burma Fanciers, Inc.
SBBR SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research (UK and Myanmar)
SBBR SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research (UK and Myanmar)
UBA Union of Burma Airways
UMCCI Union of Myanmar Chamber of Commerce and Industry
USCB United States Campaign for Burma
WLB Women’s League of Burma
RGN Yangon, Myanmar – Mingaladon


The nature of Cambodia is characterized by a large central plain that makes up about three quarters of the country’s area. Around the plain there are mountain ranges and plateaus. The country has a coast to the southwest. The Mekong River, which is one of the world’s largest, flows throughout the country from north to south. West of the river lies Southeast Asia’s largest lake Tônlê Sab. During the rainy season, large parts of the central plain are flooded. Almost 40 per cent of the country’s area is covered by forests and rainforests. The country has a tropical monsoon climate, with rainy season from May to October, and dry weather from November to April.

Cambodia is struggling with several environmental problems. In rural areas, access to clean drinking water is poor, and in cities, groundwater is contaminated due to the lack of management of industrial waste, garbage and sewage.

The country is also struggling with extensive deforestation. Since 1969, the country’s original rainforest has been reduced by over 70 percent. This, in addition to landmines left behind after the war, has led to animals being threatened with extinction. The fishing stock in Tônlê Sab is greatly reduced due to overfishing.


From the 8th century until around 1400, Cambodia was the center of the influential Angkor kingdom. The kingdom was one of the most powerful in Southeast Asia, and developed an advanced societal structure with the legal system and state welfare system. From the 13th century, the kingdom began to decay, and the area was forced to obey Thailand and Vietnam, which took control of the area for periods. In exchange for protection, Cambodia became a French colony in 1863. After World War II, the demand for independence grew, and in 1953 the country became independent.

In the 1960s, Cambodia began to support Communist North Vietnam in its fight against the United States and the US-friendly South Vietnam. In 1970, the US and South Vietnam organized a coup d’état in Cambodia to prevent the country from becoming more communist. The coup d’état launched a five-year civil war. In 1975, the Communist movement Red Khmer seized power in the country under the leadership of Pol Pot. Red Khmer’s brutal rule led to a genocide in which over 600,000 people were executed and around 1.7 million died of starvation and disease. The brutality of the regime weakened relations with Vietnam, and in 1979 Vietnamese forces overthrew the Red Khmer. The Red Khmer continued a brutal guerrilla war against the Vietnam-friendly government until 1999.

Society and politics

Cambodia is a monarchy, with a parliamentary multi-party system. The head of state is the king, who has great influence and much power. The executive power lies with the prime minister, who is also the head of government. Elections are held regularly, but democracy has major shortcomings. Since 1993, the official government has been with the Cambodian People’s Party (CCP) and Prime Minister Hun Sen.

Cambodia has major social problems. The legacy of the brutal Red Khmer has left deep traces in all parts of society. Less than 30 percent of the population has access to clean drinking water, and around one in three children suffer from growth retardation as a result of malnutrition. Many also suffer from post-traumatic stress as a result of the war. Cambodia is one of the countries in the world with the largest proportion of people with disabilities. The public health system has major shortcomings, and the citizens themselves have to pay for help. In recent years, however, health services for mothers and infants have improved. The country also has a large shortage of educated residents. An entire generation grew up as illiterates under the Red Khmer, and today there is a great lack of schools and teachers. Women make up the majority of the workforce as most of those killed in the war were men.

Economics and Commerce

Cambodia has experienced strong economic growth since 1998, with the exception of a short downturn during the global financial crisis in 2008. Many residents have been lifted out of extreme poverty, but inequalities between poor and rich are increasing. Despite economic growth, Cambodia remains one of Asia’s poorest countries. Corruption is a widespread problem and the country is ranked as the second most corrupt in East and Southeast Asia (after North Korea).

The economy has always been based on agriculture, but the Cambodians are struggling with fragile irrigation systems and poor land use. Around 70 per cent of the population work with agriculture, and production is mainly for their own consumption. The textile industry has grown strongly since the mid-1990s and is now the country’s most important export commodity. The discovery of oil in the Gulf of Thailand, and large amounts of natural gas in the north of the country are also expected to contribute to economic growth. Tourism is the second most important industry and is expected to grow significantly in the future. Although the country has experienced economic growth, the economy is entirely dependent on assistance from the Asian Development Bank, China, Japan and the United States.

View this article in other languages: