If you want to buy a PC or build it yourself, there are a few things to consider. Many abbreviations and English terms do not make much sense to some people. In this article, we translate the most important terms and briefly explain the purpose of the individual units.
|COMPUTER||Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Technical Education and Research||"General operating machine used especially for technical education and research"|
|PC||personal computers||German personal calculator;
i.e. a computer suitable for private use.
|VIRUS||Vital Information Resources Under Siege||dt. Important information resources under siege;
Acronym for Computer Virus
|OS||OS||German operating system;
This is the program that manages and makes available all the resources of the PC, e.g. Windows 10, Linux, MacOS.
|CPU||Central Processing Unit||German processor;
The CPU is the central processing unit, usually consisting of several cores. It controls all commands, circuits and algorithms. The performance of the entire system depends on its speed.
|R.A.M.||Random access memory||German working memory;
RAM is a temporary storage location for currently running processes and programs. It is controlled directly by the processor and can increase the performance of the PC with more memory.
|GDR||double data rate||DDR refers to a process technology with which data can be transmitted on a data bus at twice the data rate. The process is used when connecting processors, main memory (DDR to DDR5), mass storage and graphics cards.|
|ROME||Read only memory||German read-only memory;
ROM is permanent data storage that can only be accessed in read-only mode. This means that data and software cannot be changed. It is used for the BIOS, for example.
|GPU||Graphics Processing Unit||German graphics processor;
GPUs are processors optimized for calculating graphics. They are mostly used in gaming and graphic design PCs as well as in game consoles. They are found in graphics cards together with the VRAM (graphics memory).
|HDD||Hard Disk Drive||HDD hard drives store data on the basis of rotating discs with a magnetic coating. They are cheaper than SSDs, but also slower. They are therefore used where less access speed and more capacity are required.|
|SSD||Solid State Drive||SSDs use flash memory to store data. Not only are they faster than HDD, they are also silent, and require less power and no start-up time. A disadvantage is the higher price and the limited number of write cycles.|
|BIOS||Basic input output system||The BIOS is the basic firmware of your PC. It runs right after you turn it on and takes care of getting your hardware working and booting the operating system.|
|USB||Universal Serial Bus||USB is a bus system for serial data transmission. With this system, devices equipped with the appropriate interfaces can be connected to one another and their properties can be recognized automatically. These interfaces can be found on a large number of devices today and have largely become the standard.|
|VGA||Video Graphics Array||VGA is a now obsolete standard for computer graphics. The image data is transmitted analogously with the well-known blue connector. Originally only designed for a resolution of 640x480 pixels, higher resolutions are also possible with good graphics cards and monitors.|
|DVI||Digital Visual Interface||DVI was the first widely used digital standard for transmitting graphics. Due to the possibility of analog transmission of image data, it was the universal interface for image data transmission for a long time. In the meantime, however, it is being increasingly replaced by HDMI and DisplayPort.|
|HDMI||High Definition Multimedia Interface||HDMI is also an interface for digital image transmission. However, audio data can also be transmitted with it and higher qualities can be achieved. This standard therefore simplifies the connection of consoles to a television, for example, by eliminating the need for an audio cable. In addition to DisplayPort, HDMI is the latest standard for image transmission and is used in a wide variety of multimedia devices|