With the growing popularity of smartphones and text message conversations, the use of acronyms, acronyms, and other abbreviations in English is also on the rise in everyday life. They range from the most formal (" The WHO has issued a warning about the dangers of eating red meat ") to the most colloquial (" OMG! WTF?! ") and, if you are learning English and don't know them or don't know how are used, they can give you a few headaches. In this post we are going to show you some of the most common in different contexts, both formal and informal.
Companies and their managers tend to adopt their own business jargon (sometimes called “ management speak ” or “ jargon”), which is often punctuated with abbreviations, acronyms and acronyms. The most normal thing is that they vary in each company or sector, but here is a list of some of the most frequent examples:
|ASAP||As soon as possible
|“ Please get back to me ASAP ”.“
Please, get in touch with me as soon as possible”.
|BTW||By the way
|“ BTW, can you send me that content when you have it? ”.
"By the way, can you send me that information when you have it?"
|FYI||For your information
For your information
|“ FYI - the meeting room has changed to Room 2 ”.
"For your information, the meeting room has been moved to Room 2."
|CEO||Chief Executive Officer (the boss)
Director ejecutivo (el jefe)
|“ Our new CEO is from Russia ”.
"Our new CEO is Russian."
|AND||Estimated Time of Arrival Estimated Time of
|“ Our ETA at the hotel is 17.30, as the flight lands at
"Our approximate arrival time at the hotel is 5: 30 p.m., since the plane lands at 4: 30 p.m."
|SWOT||Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats
Debilidades, Amenazas, Fortalezas, Oportunidades (DAFO)
|“ We need to do a SWOT analysis before we make a final
decision on this investment ”.
"We need to do a SWOT analysis before making the final decision on this investment."
|TL; DR||Too long, didn't
|“ Sorry - TL; DR ”.
“Sorry: too long, I haven't read it” (used when someone sends messages or attachments that are too long).
|“ I really need a new PC - mine keeps crashing ”.
"I really need a new computer - mine keeps crashing."
Some abbreviations and acronyms are used frequently in different contexts, both formal and informal, and it is often assumed that everyone is familiar with them, so it is important to know what they mean. Here are some of the most common:
|AD / CE||Anno Domini
Year of the Lord, that is, “after Christ” (AD).
It is also known as "CE" or "Common Era" (e. c. or common era).
|“He was born in the 5th century AD”.
“Nació en el siglo V d. C.”.
|BC / BCE||Before Christ
Before Christ (BC).
It is also known as Before Common Era or BCE (aec or before the common era).
|“ These ancient ruins date back from the 5th century BCE ”.
"These ancient ruins date back to the fifth century before the common era."
Before noon (a.m.)
|“ The flight leaves at 7.00 AM, so we need to be up very
“The flight leaves at 7.00 a.m. m., so we have to get up very early.”
After noon (p.m.)
|“I’ll meet you after lunch at four thirty PM”.
“Os veré después de comer, a las 16.30 h”.
|BA / BSc||Bachelor of Arts / Bachelor of Sciences
Graduate (Lcdo. / Lcda.) or graduate (in a discipline “of letters” or in a “sciences”).
|“ He's got a BA in music, and his sister has a BSc in
"He has a bachelor's degree [or he has a degree] in music, and his sister has a bachelor's degree [or he has a degree] in psychology."
|MA / MSc||Master of Arts / Master of Sciences
Master (in a discipline “of letters” or in a “of sciences”)
|“ I'm studying for an MA in Communications at the moment ”.
"Now I'm studying a master's degree in communication."
|PhD||A doctorate degree
|“ Maddy has a PhD in neuroscience, so she is very
"Maddy has a Ph.D. in neuroscience, so she has very specialized training."
|GDP||Gross Domestic Product
Producto Interior Bruto (PIB)
|“ Italy's GDP continued to grow during the early 20th
"Italy's GDP continued to grow during the early 20th century."
|GNP||Gross National Product
Gross National Product (GNP)
|“ Our GNP has failed since the collapse of the coal
"Our GNP has gone down since the collapse of the coal industry."
|FAQs||Frequently Asked Questions
|“ If you can't find the answer, take a look at the FAQs
"If you can't find the answer, take a look at the FAQ page."
|SPF||Solar Protection Factor Solar Protection Factor
|“ With your skin, you should always wear SPF 50 sun
"With skin like yours, you should always use cream with SPF 50."
|NGO||Non-Governmental Organization Non-Governmental
|“ She likes to support NGOs working for climate justice ”.
She “she likes to collaborate with NGOs that work for climate justice”.
Many times the press talks about international organizations, but their abbreviations or acronyms may vary depending on the country in which we find ourselves. In Spanish, for example, they are often formed by doubling letters (as in "USA"), or that they vary in position compared to English, due to the order that words follow in each language. Let's see some of the most used:
United Nations (UN)
|“ The UN is having an emergency meeting to discuss the
"The UN is going to hold an emergency meeting to discuss the crisis."
|NATO||The North Atlantic Treaty Organization North Atlantic
|“ NATO have agreed to act together on the issue ”.
"NATO has decided to act jointly on that issue."
European Union (EU)
|“ The EU elections are coming up next month - who are
you voting for? ”.
“The European elections are next month. Who are you voting for?".
|WHO||World Health Organization World Health Organization
|“ The WHO recommends that people switch to a plant-based
"The WHO recommends that the population follow a diet based on plant-based products."
These days it's rare to read an email or especially a text message that doesn't contain some kind of abbreviation (not to mention emoticons!). They are usually informal in nature, and are inserted to save valuable characters or typing time. Do you know what these informal abbreviations mean? Read on to find out.
IMO / IMHO
DM / PM me
I hope that now some of the most frequent abbreviations, acronyms and acronyms in English are more familiar to you and that you start using them too. There are many more, of course, and in any case remember that the context is important and can give you clues. BFN (Bye for now)!