✔If you look at the very meaning of the word abbreviation, you can understand that this is an abbreviated name of a word or a whole group of several words. Also very often this name means an abbreviated phrase or just a word. Let's try to understand in more detail what an abbreviation is. Very often, when reading a literary text, we see that abbreviations are written only in capital letters. This is how they should be written, according to the basic rules.
There are several types of abbreviations.
●Initial abbreviation. It is called a word that is formed from the names of the first letters of words or from the first sounds of words that make up a given phrase. An example is the ODE, which stands for ordinary differential equations.
●The second type of abbreviation is alphabetic. Alphabetic
abbreviations consist of alphabetical designations of the first letters
of words, which are the basis of this phrase. A striking example of this
is the short name of our country - RF (Russian Federation).
●There is also such a variety of abbreviations as alpha-sound. It consists partly of the letter part of the words in the phrase and partly of the sounds of the same words. For example, TsDSA, which stands for the central house of the Soviet army (pronounced Tse-de-sa).
●The next type of abbreviation is a sound abbreviation. It is formed from the first letters of the initial phrase, just like the rest, but is not pronounced by letters, but by sounds. For example, a hydroelectric power station is a hydroelectric power plant, a university is a higher educational institution. Sound abbreviations, unlike letter abbreviations, sound like a single word.
●Another type of abbreviation is recursive. Their peculiarity lies in the fact that the decoding also includes the very name of the abbreviation. Examples include GNU (GNU's Not Unix), PHP (PHP Hypertext Preprocessor), ALT (ALT Linux Team), and ATTA (ATTA Creative Technology Agency).
Also, in addition to abbreviations, there are compound words that obey all the basic rules of abbreviation. Such a word consists of the initial syllables of two words and is read as one. Collective farm is the most famous such abbreviation. Examples of such abbreviations can be found everywhere: a television network, a maternity hospital, etc.
There is also a frequently used mixed abbreviation that no one takes for an abbreviation, for example, since - since.
Mixed abbreviation is the last kind of abbreviation. An example is RosNII (Russian Scientific Research Institute). The most famous abbreviation is the USSR. The decoding of the abbreviation USSR consists of the following words - Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The main task that abbreviations perform is to reduce the amount of space occupied on a sheet of paper. The pronunciation of such words is on average five times shorter, which also saves the time of the speakers.