What is acronym?
An acronym is a word formed by joining elements of two or more words, or an acronym that, due to its prolonged use, is already pronounced as a word.
Etymologically, the acronym for voice is formed from the prefix acro-, from the Greek ἄκρος (ácros), which means 'extreme', and from the suffix -ónimo, which derives from the Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), which means 'name'.
The main feature of acronyms is that, thanks to their configuration, they can be pronounced as a word, that is, they are read as they are written. The meaning of acronyms is constituted by the sum of the meanings of the words that compose them.
The formation of acronyms is very common, especially in the field of science and new technologies, where it is necessary to create words to designate new realities.
Rules for creating acronyms
For the creation of acronyms, only nouns, adjectives and verbs are taken into account, and articles, demonstratives, prepositions and conjugations are omitted. For example: ICT, from t ECNOLOGY to infor- mation and communication .
However, it can also happen that some of the elements mentioned above can facilitate the pronunciation of the acronym in question and it is included, for example, in the case of PME of small e m Edian e mpresa .
Acronyms, to be incorporated into the usual lexical league must follow the general rules of Spanish grammar to form plural ( ufo s ) or accentuation ( l to ser, avi or n ). They are usually written in the gender of the main element.
Acronyms can be created in two ways. It can be formed word from the union of elements of two or more words, normally, at the beginning of each word: Mercosul, Mer ed Co Mun do Sul, or the beginning of the first and the end of the last: like office automation, by Offi ce and informatic. _
The acronym can also be an acronym that admits to being pronounced like a word. In fact, some acronyms, with time and use, are incorporated into the usual lexicon of the language and are no longer written in capital letters (AIDS, UFO, airplane, etc.). Only the names of institutions or organizations, such as Unesco or Unicef, maintain the initial capital.