What is Classical Dance?

Classical dance, also known as ballet, is a type of dance that features different techniques and specific movements. Ballet is also the name that allows reference to the piece of music composed to be performed through dance.

Classical Dance

This dance arose during the Renaissance, when weddings and aristocratic events were celebrated with court dancers who showed off their skills. With the passage of time, the movements and steps were perfected.

In addition, it should also be noted that it was in France and specifically during the reign of Louis XIV when the professionalization of classical dance took place. So a few years later, in the second half of the seventeenth century, it was when it opened its doors that is considered as the first classical dance school. We’re referring to the Académie Royale de la danse.

Ballet may constitute an autonomous piece or be interspersed within an opera or play. Among the different types of classical dances can be mentioned the courtly ballet, the romantic ballet and the action ballet.

Romantic Ballet

The courtly ballet is one that was born in France at the end of the sixteenth century and, as its name suggests, arises in the environment of what is the court. Professional dancers, courtiers and also the members of the royal family themselves are the ones who perform such classical dance. Among the most characteristic works of this type of dance is, for example, the one entitled “Ballet des Polonais”.

The romantic ballet, for its part, can establish that it is the one that was born in the first bars of the nineteenth century and was in force until the year 1850. Among the most characteristic works of the same is “La Sylfide”.

And finally there is the aforementioned action ballet that was born in the eighteenth century and is fundamentally identified by the fact that it mixes pantomime and dance.

Classical dance requires an important concentration of the dancer, who must perform body movements with great precision and coordination. Training is essential as many of the forms of ballet require elasticity and strength.

The costumes play a key role in classical dance. Dancers wear body-attached clothing so their movements can be more easily appreciated. It is known as ballet tips to special sneakers with plaster tips or cardboard: this allows the dancer to support the entire body weight with the toes.

This practice, however, is risky as it takes a lot of strength in the legs and can cause tears or even fractures. Using ballet tips, on the other hand, can be very painful.

On top of all the above, we cannot overlook quoting some of the best representatives of classical dance of all time. In this case, we would have to refer to Vaslav Nijinski, Anna Pavlova, Rudolf Nurejev, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Julio Bocca, Natalia Makarova…


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